Acropolis of Athens
- The Acropolis is one of the most imposing historical structures in Athens.
- The word ‘Acropolis’ is derived from the Greek words ‘akron’ meaning edge and ‘polis’ meaning city. It was thus named because it stands on a hilltop that overlooks the city of Athens.
- The Acropolis was also known as the sacred rock and was built for defensive reasons. During wartime, the Greeks used it to get a better view of the position of enemy forces.
- The construction of the Acropolis started in 447 BC and ended in 438 BC.
- The Acropolis served as the venue for festival celebrations and historically significant events during the peak of Athens’ power.
- The Greeks built many temples on the Acropolis, such as the famous Parthenon temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena.
- The first excavations on the Acropolis were conducted between 1835 and 1837.
- The first habitation remains on the Acropolis date back to the Neolithic period.
- Since the monuments of the Acropolis of Athens were being damaged due to pollution, many of the relics and historical objects were shifted to the newly constructed Acropolis Museum in 2007.
- The Acropolis was the runner-up for the New Seven Wonders of the World.
For more such interesting General Knowledge articles and videos, visit: http://mocomi.com/learn/general-knowledge/