Mocomi Kids http://mocomi.com Inspiring Curiosity! Mon, 27 Feb 2017 13:10:09 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.12 The Story of Holi http://mocomi.com/story-of-holi/ http://mocomi.com/story-of-holi/#comments Sun, 26 Feb 2017 11:48:34 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=84063 Why Holi is Celebrated? Holi gets its name from Holika, demon king Hiranyakashyap’s sister. Hiranyakashyap had got a boon from Lord Vishnu that he would not be killed by man or animal, at day or night, inside or outside, above or on the ground. So Hiranyakashyap said that only he should be worshipped, not God. […]

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The Story of Holi

Why Holi is Celebrated?

Holi gets its name from Holika, demon king Hiranyakashyap’s sister. Hiranyakashyap had got a boon from Lord Vishnu that he would not be killed by man or animal, at day or night, inside or outside, above or on the ground.

So Hiranyakashyap said that only he should be worshipped, not God. His own son, Prahlad continued to worship Lord Vishnu. This made his father angry. He asked Prahlad to jump from a mountain, but he remained unhurt.

Even when Hiranyakashyap made Prahlad jump in a well, he was unharmed.

Hiranyakashyap tried to poison Prahlad. The poison turned to nectar in Prahlad’s mouth.

Then, Hiranyakashya ordered that wild elephants should trample Prahlad, but he was not hurt.

Next, Prahlad was put in a room with poisonous, angry snakes, but still nothing happened to him.

Finally, Hollka made Prahlad sit on a pyre with her. She was protected by a shawl that kept her from being burnt. The shawl flew from her to Prahlad. So, Holika burned, Prahlad was safe.

Lord Vishnu appeared as half-man, half-lion and killed Hiranyakashyap at dusk, on his porch steps.

A Holika bonfire is lit every year to remind us of the victory of good over evil. Holi is celebrated on the day after the bonfire.

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The Story of Holi

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Natural Holi Colors http://mocomi.com/natural-holi-colors/ http://mocomi.com/natural-holi-colors/#comments Sun, 26 Feb 2017 11:26:20 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=83895 Make Natural Holi Colours with Einstein Iyengar The school was abuzz with the coming Holi holidays. The children were extremely excited to celebrate the festival of colors, much to the dismay of the environmental science teacher of Eeshan. During class he said “Holi is a wonderful festival that brings people of different race, color and […]

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Natural Holi Colors

Make Natural Holi Colours with Einstein Iyengar

The school was abuzz with the coming Holi holidays. The children were extremely excited to celebrate the festival of colors, much to the dismay of the environmental science teacher of Eeshan. During class he said “Holi is a wonderful festival that brings people of different race, color and kind, together. But over the years the use of harmful colors and wastage of water has made Holi a threat to the environment and people.”

“But Sir, are you saying we shouldn’t celebrate the festival at all?, asked Eeshan

“No Martin. But there is an alternative. We can use less of water during celebrations and natural colors. Colors that are made of natural things and do not harm our skin. They can also be taken off easily.” Said the professor.

Martin said “What is Holi without the water balloons and the strong colors Sir? We aren’t old, we are young and energetic!” the class cheered when Martin spoke.

The teacher continued “Do you know traditionally Holi was celebrated with colors that were good for the skin and had medicinal value as well. It celebrates the advent of spring and the trees that blossom and give the plants that helped in making the colors. I agree it is a festival which is meant for fun, but why can’t we have fun with colors that are naturally made? The synthetic colors are not just harmful to our skin, but also have a harmful effect on water resources, soil fertility and millions of animals and microorganisms. Would you want to harm all these things just for a few hours of fun Martin?”

Martin was speechless. Eeshan spoke, “Sir, What if we celebrate Holi in the school premises? We can have an activity of making as many colors naturally as possible and also get to play! I am sure the principal will encourage us to celebrate the festival in a natural way.”

“That’s a great idea Eeshan! Let me talk to the principal.” Said the teacher positively.

When the children found out that the principal had given the permission to celebrate Holi in the school premises, right before the holiday, they were overjoyed. The teacher asked “So how are we going to make the colors children?”

Martin spoke first, “We can use turmeric powder as yellow color! It smells nice and is great for the skin!”

“That’s great Martin!” acknowledged the teacher

Eeshan spoke next, “We can use dry hibiscus flowers and powder them. They will give a lovely red color. They are used in many shampoos as an ingredient for making hair softer. So we can use it to color everyone’s hair as well.”

The children were excited at the prospect of playing Holi as wildly as they did, but with colors that would not have a bad aftermath.

Many colors were made on the day of Holi and displayed on plates on a huge table. The colorful display made school a vibrant place that day with the principal also joining in to play with the students. Mehendi was used to make the color green, the Jacaranda flowers were dried and crushed to give a lovely blue color, the vegetable Beat Root was sliced and grated to give a lovely magenta and all the colors were mixed with water to make them wet. Kattha, used in the Pan was mixed in water to give a brown color and Amla was boiled and dried to give the color black.

The children had more fun playing with their teachers and the principal, more so because they didn’t have to rub generous amounts of oil before playing Holi this year. The oil, their mothers said, would help in removing the hard synthetic colors of Holi, when they took a bath. This Holi, was naturally fun!

More facts about Holi festival

 For more environment related articles and videos, visit: Environment for Kids category.

Natural Holi Colors

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Jojo’s Unholy Holi http://mocomi.com/jojos-unholy-holi/ http://mocomi.com/jojos-unholy-holi/#comments Sun, 26 Feb 2017 09:57:41 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=82817 Lighten Up, Its Holi! At school, Jojo was standing in the cafeteria when Karan stood behind him. While Jojo was busy eating an ice cream, Karan threw a water balloon at the cafeteria head and hid behind the chair. Unaware of the whole scenario, Jojo continued eating his ice cream when the head of the […]

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Jojo’s Unholy Holi

Lighten Up, Its Holi!

At school, Jojo was standing in the cafeteria when Karan stood behind him. While Jojo was busy eating an ice cream, Karan threw a water balloon at the cafeteria head and hid behind the chair. Unaware of the whole scenario, Jojo continued eating his ice cream when the head of the cafeteria stormed towards him.

“Are you trying to act smart?” said the cafeteria head “I will take you to the principal!”“For what? For eating an ice cream?” said Jojo, puzzled by the reaction.
“You threw a water balloon at me!” said the man “No, I did not!” argued Jojo

“I will make sure you get punished Jojo!” said the man adamantly, and left.

Karan came put of his hiding place and started laughing. Its when Jojo realized what had happened and said “So it was you! “

You have troubled me since long Karan. It has to stop now!”“Or what?” said Karan and continued “Look, it’s Holi! Lighten up a little Jojo!”

The last period of the day went on and Jojo was more than happy to get back to home. He was extremely irritated with Karan after what had happened. The bell rang to summon the end of the day and Jojo got up to leave. He could hear the class laughing behind him and looked puzzled.

Nikhil screamed “Jojo! Your trousers are all colored!”Jojo noticed a paper where he had been sitting and traces of ‘gulal’ on the paper. He saw Karan laughing at the back with the other children and stormed towards him.

Karan kept laughing with no remorse and told Jojo again to lighten up as it was Holi. When Jojo picked up the paper in which the color was kept, it read the same lines as Karan had been saying all day.

Jojo was extremely upset with how the day had turned out and hung his head in sorrow. Nikhil tried to cheer his friend up and said “Cheer up Jojo! It is Holi, Karan should lighten up as well!”

Jojo’s eyes lit up as an idea crossed his mind and he said “Nikhil! I know just how we can get back at him!”
The next day, the first period was that of their strict class teacher Mr. Sharma. When he opened the class cupboard to get some chalk, a paper on top of the half open cupboard dropped on his head. To his horror it was filled with ‘gulal’ which spill all over his face. The class started to laugh

Mr. Sharma picked up the paper and looked at the class angrily. “Who has done this? I will punish you all, if you don’t tell me who did this” The class went into absolute silence on realizing what had happened.

Mr. Sharma read what was written on the paper out loud. It read “Lighten up, its Holi!” The children in the class immediately said “That’s what Karan has been saying all this week!”

Before Karan could realize what had happened the whole class was pointing fingers at him and Mr. Sharma knew he had caught the prankster. He took Karan to the principal’s room and he was asked to spend three hours after school in detention till the end of the week.

Jojo and Nikhil walked past the classroom window and saw an angry and upset Karan sitting on the bench. Jojo laughed and said “Oh come on Karan! Lighten up! It is Holi!”

For more comic stories, go to: Comic Stories for Kids.

For more such interesting stories for kids, go to: Stories for Kids

Jojo’s Unholy Holi

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Holi – Festival of Colors http://mocomi.com/holi/ http://mocomi.com/holi/#comments Sun, 26 Feb 2017 04:03:32 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=11343 What is Holi Festival? Holi, is a religious spring festival celebrated by Hindus. It is a festival celebrated with colour, water and the exchange of sweets and is primarily observed in India, Nepal, Pakistan, and countries with a large Indian population following Hinduism. Why do we celebrate Holi? Holi originally, was a festival that commemorated […]

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Holi - Festival of Colors

What is Holi Festival?

Holi, is a religious spring festival celebrated by Hindus. It is a festival celebrated with colour, water and the exchange of sweets and is primarily observed in India, Nepal, Pakistan, and countries with a large Indian population following Hinduism.

Why do we celebrate Holi?

Holi originally, was a festival that commemorated good harvests and the fertile land. In addition to celebrating the coming of spring, Hindus believed that it was a time to enjoy spring’s abundant colors and saying farewell to winter.

Holi also celebrates many religious myths and legends. On the eve of the festival, bonfires are lit in memory of a young Prahlad’s miraculous escape from the Demoness Holika, sister of Hiranyakashipu in Hindu mythology. The name Holi is derived from the demoness Holika.

Even though there have been references to a festival such as this in Sanskrit texts where people sprayed coloured water using bamboo syringes, the origin of the modern Holi festival has been traced back to ancient Bengal. During the Gaudiya Vaishnav festival, people went to Krishna temples, applied red colour to the icon and then distributed the red coloured powder along with prasad to family and friends. These customs spread across the country and now…

History of Holi

Even though Holi originated in Bengal, the festival is most celebrated in the Braj region – locations connected to Lord Krishna such as Mathura, Vrindavan, Nandagaon and Barsana. These places see a huge surge in tourism during the Holi festival.
Holi is celebrated on the last full moon day of the lunar month, which usually falls in the later part of February or March.

Holi celebration in India

In most parts of India, Holi lasts about two days. One of festivals biggest attributes is that it closes the wide gaps between social classes and brings Hindus and people belonging to other religions together.
Holi today is celebrated with much fervour across the country. This festival is not just restricted to the younger ones, and you will see people of all ages, young and old participate. Just like the old times, people go visiting their friends and family and play with them. There are private parties too that are organised for the public by certain groups where a place is taken on rent, and people can come and play holi there with their friends. The organisers ensure that there is enough water, colour and sweets available. The music played at these parties get the crowds going as well.
Project

  • What is Holi locally known as in Bihar?
  • Holi has been depicted in which famous international song. Hint : It’s by Linkin Park
  • Make your own natural Holi colours by mixing some turmeric powder and gram flour and use it to play this Holi season. Be rest assured that this colour is safe and also extremely good for the skin.

Don’t forget to check out the Holi Story video and other Holi articles and activities.

Holi - Festival of Colors

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Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco http://mocomi.com/golden-gate-bridge/ http://mocomi.com/golden-gate-bridge/#comments Thu, 23 Feb 2017 09:50:31 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94357 “At last the mighty task is done. Resplendent in the western sun,” these are words from the poem ‘The Mighty Task is Done’, written about the Golden Gate Bridge by Joseph P. Strauss, the Chief Engineer of the Bridge. So, as you might have guessed, I am at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, […]

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Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco

“At last the mighty task is done. Resplendent in the western sun,” these are words from the poem ‘The Mighty Task is Done’, written about the Golden Gate Bridge by Joseph P. Strauss, the Chief Engineer of the Bridge.

So, as you might have guessed, I am at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California which is an iconic piece of architecture.

History of the Golden Gate Bridge

Did you know it was called “the bridge that couldn’t be built,” before its construction began on January 5, 1933? After four years of relentless struggle against winds, fog, rocks and treacherous tides, today it stands 227 meters in height and 2,737 in length. It opened on May 27, 1937 and instantly become a much-loved symbol of the city.

The bridge was built at a cost of $35 million in principal and $39 million in interest. It was the world’s longest bridge until 1964, when Verrazano Narrows Suspension Bridge in New York City was built 60 feet longer. The Golden Gate is now the world’s ninth longest bridge.

The bridge is painted in the colour ‘International Orange’. However, this was not the first colour preference. Proposed colors for the bridge included carbon gray, aluminum, or black. The U.S. Navy wanted black with yellow stripes for greater visibility; not so attractive right?. Finally inspired by the red primer the steel beams had been coated in at the factories where they were made, the bridge was given an International Orange colour. Thank god for that! It truly complements the bridge’s natural surroundings and helps the structure stand out from the sea and sky.

The bridge has only been closed a few times since it opened. Three times due to due to high winds gusting close to or over 70 miles per hour, then for visits from dignitaries like President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Charles de Gaulle of France. It was also closed on its 50th and 75th Anniversaries.

3 Interesting facts about the Golden Gate Bridge

  1. The Golden Gate Bridge has lost 7,500 tons (in weight) since it opened in 1937.
  2. It is estimated that 5,000 – 10,000 gallons of paint are used to repaint the Golden Gate Bridge each year.
  3. Toll collectors have let various cars pass without paying the toll, but collected some unusual things in its place, like canes, shoes and even false teeth.

It has been featured in many popular movies like Ant-Man (2015), Big Hero 6 (2014), Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011), Monsters Vs. Aliens (2009), X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) and Hulk (2003) to name a few.

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Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco

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What to do when you don’t get what you want? http://mocomi.com/what-to-do-when-you-dont-get-what-you-want/ http://mocomi.com/what-to-do-when-you-dont-get-what-you-want/#comments Wed, 22 Feb 2017 13:15:08 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94340 How to get what you really want? What to do when you don’t get what you want? Everyday, you have something you would want or like to do. ‘want + Getting what you want = Happiness But not everyday do you get to do that, do you? ‘want’ + Not getting what you want = […]

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What to do when you don’t get what you want?

How to get what you really want?

What to do when you don’t get what you want?
Everyday, you have something you would want or like to do.
‘want + Getting what you want = Happiness

But not everyday do you get to do that, do you?
‘want’ + Not getting what you want = Sadness

So, what do you do when you don’t get what you want?
The first emotion you feel is anger. Allow yourself to feel it completely. No need to act on it. Decide that you will not do anything until the feeling of anger has a lesser grip on you.

Once you allow yourself to feel angry completely, you will feel tired. Do something that helps you relax. Something that will distract you from what you are not able to get.
‘Want’ + Something you already have = Happiness

Find something you already have and let yourself indulge with it.

It takes time to get what you want. Sometimes a lot of time. But in the meantime you can still be happy instead of angry. Eventually you do end up getting what you want.

What you really really wanted.

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What to do when you don’t get what you want?

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Cruciverbalist http://mocomi.com/cruciverbalist/ http://mocomi.com/cruciverbalist/#comments Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:04:30 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94330 What does “Cruciverbalist” mean? Solving crossword puzzles is fun and many people enjoy it. There are some people who don’t just enjoy it but strive to excel at it and with practice become skilled at solving crossword puzzles. There are so many people who take solving crossword puzzles and acing it seriously, that there is […]

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Cruciverbalist

What does “Cruciverbalist” mean?

Solving crossword puzzles is fun and many people enjoy it. There are some people who don’t just enjoy it but strive to excel at it and with practice become skilled at solving crossword puzzles. There are so many people who take solving crossword puzzles and acing it seriously, that there is a word to describe them! It is “Cruciverbalist”. Cruciverbalist is a Latin word pronounced as Cru-civer-ba-list.

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Cruciverbalist

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Discovery and Control of fire by early humans http://mocomi.com/control-of-fire-by-early-humans/ http://mocomi.com/control-of-fire-by-early-humans/#comments Thu, 16 Feb 2017 13:19:58 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94265 Discovery of fire by early man Contrary to popular belief fire was not invented but discovered and tamed by man. When lightning struck a forest and created fire, it probably intrigued and amazed the early man. Many scientists believe that the controlled use of fire was most likely first achieved by our ancient human ancestor […]

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Discovery and Control of fire by early humans

Discovery of fire by early man

Contrary to popular belief fire was not invented but discovered and tamed by man. When lightning struck a forest and created fire, it probably intrigued and amazed the early man. Many scientists believe that the controlled use of fire was most likely first achieved by our ancient human ancestor known as Homo erectus, and not Homo sapiens or Neanderthal as commonly believed. Homo erectus became the first hominin to master flames by accident, possibly in order to cook their food.

How did the control of fire lead to human evolution?

The control and manipulation of fire was a turning point for human evolution. It gave birth to cooked food. Cooking allowed the early man to consume more calories and, as a result, to develop larger brains.

Control of fire also helped one to ward off predators and venture into harsh climates. It also had important social and behavioral implications, like encouraging groups of people to gather together and stay up late.

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Discovery and Control of fire by early humans

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Potala Palace Lhasa, Tibet – Facts http://mocomi.com/potala-palace/ http://mocomi.com/potala-palace/#comments Wed, 15 Feb 2017 10:19:09 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94218 Legend behind Potala Palace Legend states that the three hills of Chokpori, Marpori and Pongwari are the three protectors of Tibet. The Potala Palace, named so after the mythical abode of the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, Mount Potalaka, is located on the Marpori hill. It lies between the Drepung and Sera monastaries and the old city of […]

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Potala Palace Lhasa, Tibet - Facts

Legend behind Potala Palace

Legend states that the three hills of Chokpori, Marpori and Pongwari are the three protectors of Tibet. The Potala Palace, named so after the mythical abode of the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, Mount Potalaka, is located on the Marpori hill. It lies between the Drepung and Sera monastaries and the old city of Lhasa, making it an ideal site for governing establishment, as pointed out by Konchong Chophel, spiritual advisor to the 5th Dalai Lama. The 5th agreed, and began construction of the palace in the year 1645. Though the external construction was completed in a quick 3 years, the interiors and furnishings took around 45 years to be completed! Since its completion, it was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama till the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the Tibetan Uprising in 1959.

Interesting facts about Potala Palace Architecture

The palace is a sturdy complex, comprising of the Red and White palaces and their ancillary buildings. The White palace is a massive 13 story building with over 1000 rooms and 10000 shrines. There are more than 200000 statues and artifacts in and around the palace. Especially noteworthy are the 698 murals on the walls and along the corridors. It also houses the main ceremonial hall and the throne of the Dalai Lama. Higher up the mountain and to the west lies the Red Palace, which contains the gilded burial stupas of past Dalai Lamas. Further west is the private monastery of the Dalai Lama, the Namgyel Dratshang. This 117 m structure has copper based foundations, which help proof it against earthquakes. So spectacular is its architecture that it is regarded as one of the most beautiful architectural buildings in the world. Another feather in the cap for the palace is that not only is it a splendid feat of architecture, but also a place where you can see and learn about Tibetan culture thanks to the numerous artifacts that it houses.

Tour to Potala Palace

The tour to the palace is splendid, and I recommend you carry a coat with you, even if you visit in summer. The climb to the palace is a beautiful experience in itself, and because there’s so much to see (almost 30 sites!), the limited 1 hour viewing period flies by like a flash! Pro tip – Research beforehand to mark what you absolutely must see. My recommendation is that you do not miss the Dharma Cave.

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Culaccino http://mocomi.com/culaccino/ http://mocomi.com/culaccino/#comments Tue, 14 Feb 2017 07:19:19 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94192 What does “Culaccino” mean? You see it almost every time you lift up a glass from the table. That circular mark left on the surface. You always wonder if there is a word to describe it. Well, there is! It is Culaccino. The Italian word is pronounced as koo-la-chieno and it has no direct English […]

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Culaccino

What does “Culaccino” mean?

You see it almost every time you lift up a glass from the table. That circular mark left on the surface. You always wonder if there is a word to describe it. Well, there is! It is Culaccino. The Italian word is pronounced as koo-la-chieno and it has no direct English translation!

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Culaccino

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Rats laugh when tickled! http://mocomi.com/rats-laugh-when-tickled/ http://mocomi.com/rats-laugh-when-tickled/#comments Fri, 10 Feb 2017 07:21:33 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94166 Do rats laugh? Do rats get tickled? Rats can laugh when tickled was known by the year 2000, but the new discovery states that they can laugh only when they are in the mood for it. What happens when rats get tickled? Scientists have located parts of rat’s brains that respond to tickling. The brain […]

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Rats laugh when tickled!

Do rats laugh? Do rats get tickled?

Rats can laugh when tickled was known by the year 2000, but the new discovery states that they can laugh only when they are in the mood for it.

What happens when rats get tickled?

Scientists have located parts of rat’s brains that respond to tickling. The brain region also plays a role in forming rats’ moods. So a rat will laugh when tickled only if it is already in a good mood. This laughter is caused at high frequencies but is inaudible to humans. When tickled on their back, stomach and tail; rats have high pitched vocalisation laughter. The tickled rats also display a behaviour called ‘joy jumps’ where their front and back legs move in tandem.

So next time you see a rat at home and are in no mood to poison it; you can maybe tickle it and keep them as a pet!

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Panchatantra: Who will Bell the Cat http://mocomi.com/panchatantra-who-will-bell-the-cat/ http://mocomi.com/panchatantra-who-will-bell-the-cat/#comments Thu, 09 Feb 2017 13:06:54 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=wordsmith&p=44343 This post belongs to Mocomi.com

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Panchatantra: Who will Bell the Cat


Once, a great number of mice used to live in a grocer’s shop. They ate the fresh, tasty wheat, rice, bread, cheese and biscuits that were kept in the shop. They were having a great time and living easy, comfortable lives, growing fatter day ......

Once, a great number of mice used to live in a grocer’s shop. They ate the fresh, tasty wheat, rice, bread, cheese and biscuits that were kept in the shop. They were having a great time and living easy, comfortable lives, growing fatter day by day.

But the grocer was concerned about the losses that he was suffering because of the damage done to his stock by the mice. So, he thought of a solution and bought a big, fat cat to keep in his shop.

From that day onwards, the cat began to catch the mice every day. The mice were terrified of even stepping out of their holes. They could not reach the food anymore. This was a great cause of worry for them. They decided to call a meeting of all the mice in the shop to discuss this problem.

They got together and started thinking. One of them suggested that they must get rid of the fat cat but no one could think of a way of doing so. So they kept thinking of other ways. Finally, one mouse spoke up, “We should tie a bell around the cat’s neck. That way, whenever the cat is near or is coming in our direction, we would get to know by the ringing of the bell and we can quickly run back to our holes.”
This idea was much appreciated by the other mice. They thought that this was the best plan. They began dancing and celebrating with joy. But their celebrations did not last very long for soon an old and experienced mouse said, “You fools! Stop celebrating and first tell me: who will bell the cat?”

None of the mice had an answer to this question. They had not thought about this major problem in their seemingly perfect plan. This is why it is said that making a plan is one thing but executing it is an entirely different thing.

For more interesting Panchatantra stories for kids, go to : Panchatantra stories

For other interesting stories for kids, browse though our huge collection of short stories here : Stories for Kids

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Inside a Cricket Ball http://mocomi.com/inside-a-cricket-ball/ http://mocomi.com/inside-a-cricket-ball/#comments Fri, 03 Feb 2017 12:30:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=91740 What is a cricket ball made of? A cricket ball is made up of layers of yarn wounded around a cork core. All this is inside a red or white colour leather shell. Cricket balls are entirely made up of organic material. What makes the cricket ball swing? Six rows of stitching and a raised […]

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Inside a Cricket Ball

What is a cricket ball made of?

A cricket ball is made up of layers of yarn wounded around a cork core. All this is inside a red or white colour leather shell. Cricket balls are entirely made up of organic material.

What makes the cricket ball swing?

Six rows of stitching and a raised seam gives the cricket balls unique qualities which make them spin, cut and swing.

The cork core gives the ball its shape and density. This core is then wounded with twine layers which gives flexibility to the leather surface. The leather surface provides durability but changes during the course of the game due to usage. The seam is hand stitched on the leather parts from both hemispheres. The seam on the leather surface provides the bowler with some control over the ball, helping with the swing and spin. The final ball is sprayed with nitrocellulose lacquer giving it the required colour of red or white.

Conditions of a ball

The condition of the ball is very important during the game. There are certain ways to clean the ball, polish or dry off the mud from the ball. The condition of the ball deteriorates during the course of the game. Only one ball can be used during the game. If the ball is damaged or lost then it can be replaced by a ball of the same condition.

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Whale Facts and Information http://mocomi.com/whale-facts/ http://mocomi.com/whale-facts/#comments Thu, 02 Feb 2017 09:23:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=90995 Whales! One of the biggest and most amazing creatures that inhabit the earth. They are found in all the oceans of the world. These incredibly huge and magnificent creatures are mammals that have fully adapted to life in the water, which means they’re descendants of animals that millions of years ago used to live on […]

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Whale Facts and Information

Whales! One of the biggest and most amazing creatures that inhabit the earth. They are found in all the oceans of the world. These incredibly huge and magnificent creatures are mammals that have fully adapted to life in the water, which means they’re descendants of animals that millions of years ago used to live on land!

13 Interesting Facts about Whales

  1. Whales are closely related to dolphins, porpoises, and hippopotamuses.
  2. There are two main types of whales – baleen whales and toothed whales, and they are classified based on their feeding patterns.
  3. Baleen whales have two blowholes, whereas toothed whales have just one.
  4. Whales love moose! As in, moose are their favorite prey.
  5. Whales need air to breathe! They drown if they remain underwater for more than 30 minutes.
  6. Whales don’t sleep for long. And when they do, only one half of their brain sleeps at one time. This is to ensure that they wake up and go to the surface to take in air.
  7. The blue whale, the largest animal in the world, is bigger than a basketball court.
  8. The water in a blue whale’s mouth weighs about as much as its entire body!
  9. There is only one all-white humpback whale known to exist in the whole world.
  10. You can tell the age of a whale by counting the rings in its earwax.
  11. Some whales, like the blue whale and the humpback whale, have been known to sing.
  12. Many expensive perfumes contain whale poop.
  13. A sad fact is that humans are the biggest threat to the survival of whales. Hunting by humans is the biggest reason for the decline in whale population.

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Whale Facts and Information

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Hobbit http://mocomi.com/hobbit/ http://mocomi.com/hobbit/#comments Wed, 01 Feb 2017 06:30:37 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94065 What does “Hobbit” mean? An imaginary human like creature with hairy legs. Who is probably a resident of the Middle Earth. We’re talking about a hobbit of course. Pronounced [haw-bit], a hobbit is a fictional character created by author J.R.R Tolkien for his book by the same name. Its literal meaning is “hole dweller” Have […]

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Hobbit

What does “Hobbit” mean?

An imaginary human like creature with hairy legs. Who is probably a resident of the Middle Earth. We’re talking about a hobbit of course. Pronounced [haw-bit], a hobbit is a fictional character created by author J.R.R Tolkien for his book by the same name. Its literal meaning is “hole dweller” Have you read the book?

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Why do roses have thorns? http://mocomi.com/why-do-roses-have-thorns/ http://mocomi.com/why-do-roses-have-thorns/#comments Sun, 29 Jan 2017 13:18:46 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93144 One of the most beautiful flowers in the world is roses. They are a symbol of love and friendship and have an amazing fragrance. Roses are red, pink, white; in fact, there are over 100 species of roses around the world! The Purpose of Thorns Roses come with sharp spikes or thorns. Botanists call them […]

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Why do roses have thorns?

One of the most beautiful flowers in the world is roses. They are a symbol of love and friendship and have an amazing fragrance. Roses are red, pink, white; in fact, there are over 100 species of roses around the world!

The Purpose of Thorns

Roses come with sharp spikes or thorns. Botanists call them ‘prickles’. These are small outgrowths from a plant’s epidermis or the outer layer. Prickles are similar to thorns but unlike thorns, prickles are easier to remove. Scientists believe that roses have thorns to protect them from being eaten by animals who might be attracted to them due to their sweet fragrance.

Story of Roses and Thorns – Native American Tribes

The Native Americans believe that many years ago the rose bush had no thorns. They were just pretty pink roses with leaves and a smooth stem, emanating sweet smelling fragrance. But they made an easy catch for the rabbits and other predators that ate up entire bushes many times. The rose bushes met and decided to go to Nanahboozoo, a man who had magical powers. He was angry as the rose bush planted by him had also been eaten by rabbits. The rose bushes who came to see him, told him their story and Nanahboozoo gave them small thorn like prickles to cover their body so that no predator would eat them.

So roses are able to grow bigger and prettier each year by using their prickles to scare off animals who intend to eat them up.

Learn how to draw a rose in a simple and interactive way.

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Anaconda – The World’s Largest Snakes http://mocomi.com/anaconda/ http://mocomi.com/anaconda/#comments Sun, 29 Jan 2017 12:39:41 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=88378 There are many reptiles on this earth. Of all the reptiles the most commonly found ones, in all shapes and size, are Snakes. Amongst them, there is one snake which is the largest in the world- the Anaconda. The name Anaconda is used to name a group of snakes, but usually it refers to only […]

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Anaconda - The World’s Largest Snakes

There are many reptiles on this earth. Of all the reptiles the most commonly found ones, in all shapes and size, are Snakes. Amongst them, there is one snake which is the largest in the world- the Anaconda. The name Anaconda is used to name a group of snakes, but usually it refers to only one species of Anaconda; i.e.; the common Green Anaconda or Eunectes murinus, its scientific name.

Where do Anacondas Live?

They are the largest and heaviest snakes on earth. They are usually found in damn places, commonly seen in the tropical rain forests, lakes and swamps of South America. They are found in large numbers in near the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

Types of Anacondas

There are 4 types of Anacondas but they are difficult to find because they hide in the water. The Green Anaconda is the largest specie. The Yellow Anaconda is a small specie, found in southern Brazil, Paraguay and northeastern Argentina. Then there is the darkly spotted anaconda which is a very rare species. The Bolivian Anaconda is the most recently found species.

Special Features of Anaconda

  • Family : Anacondas belong to the Boa Constrictor family. Anacondas like to live alone. When in danger they escape beneath water- this is their defense mechanism.
  • Length and weight : Considering both- the length and weight these snakes can reach up to a length of 30 feet. They can weigh up to 227 kilograms, almost the weight of 11 children together.
  • Color and what they eat : Anacondas are usually green in color; they have white marks on their sides and two rows of black spots on their backs. They eat animals like frogs, toads, fish, birds, ducks, wild pigs, small crocodiles and turtles.
  • Face features : Anacondas have their eyes and nostrils on top of their heads. So it helps them to look out for their prey while their entire body is underneath the water. Anacondas give birth to 24-35 young ones at a time.

5 Amazing Anaconda Facts

  1. Hunting for anaconda is both- legal and illegal. They are hunted for their skin which is an illegal pet trade.
  2. Most snakes are killed because people are afraid of them or dislike them.
  3. Anacondas are difficult for scientists to study and find because they are extremely quiet snakes and leave no trails. Also because they spend most of their time under water.
  4. When anacondas get small meals they can eat up to 40 pounds of food every day.
  5. Anaconda spends most of its time underwater than on the ground, so that it is easier for it to move around, as its huge size seems less bulky under water.
Anaconda - The World’s Largest Snakes

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Two Headed Snakes http://mocomi.com/two-headed-snakes/ http://mocomi.com/two-headed-snakes/#comments Sun, 29 Jan 2017 11:49:05 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=90415 A normal, single-headed snake can give most people the creeps, but add to it another head, and it’s a whole new level of creepiness. It almost sounds made up, doesn’t it? But it’s not. As bizarre as it sounds, two headed snakes do exist. In fact, two headed snakes are much more common than any […]

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Two Headed Snakes

A normal, single-headed snake can give most people the creeps, but add to it another head, and it’s a whole new level of creepiness. It almost sounds made up, doesn’t it? But it’s not. As bizarre as it sounds, two headed snakes do exist. In fact, two headed snakes are much more common than any other two headed creatures.

Why do some Snakes have two heads?

Let’s find out more about this seemingly bizarre phenomenon.
Two headed snakes are a result of what is known as bicephaly, meaning the phenomenon of an organism being born with two heads. This is the same process that causes conjoined twins to be born. The birth of Siamese or conjoined twins occur when the embryo splits while developing and growing into identical twins, but for some reason does not complete the process of splitting before they are born. The point at which the embryo stops separating varies with each birth therefore, snakes can be joined at any part of the body. They are thus, two beings that share organs, and one of them is a parasitic head.

Knowing about the life of a two headed snake has been made possible by studies of captured specimens, although it has been found that just like conjoined humans, the life of most two headed snakes is also quite difficult.

4 Interesting Facts about Two-Headed Snakes

Two headed snakes are basically two snakes with a common body, each unaware of the other’s existence. Thus, you can imagine the difficulties they face –

  1. They fight each other for food.
  2. If one of them eats, both of them feel full, and this causes confusion, for the one that didn’t eat.
  3. They have two brains, each giving them directions to go in. This again, causes confusion, and often results in the dominant one dragging along the other one.
  4. When attacked, their survival instincts are often different. This causes them to lose time before taking action, and in many cases, costs them their safety.
    Thus, survival in the wild is a major issue for two headed snakes. In captivity, however, they can live upto 20 years, with the right head usually being the dominant head and the decision maker. Many zoos and circuses have these on show, and certain museums have preserved specimen on display.

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Cobras Facts http://mocomi.com/cobras/ http://mocomi.com/cobras/#comments Sun, 29 Jan 2017 11:24:16 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=64294 16 Amazing Facts about Cobras Cobras are one of the most feared snakes in India. Cobras are worshipped in many Indian religions – known to be one of the Avataars of Gods. They are known for their threatening hood at their neck which they spread out when they feel threatened or angry. This hood is […]

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Cobras Facts

16 Amazing Facts about Cobras

  1. Cobras are one of the most feared snakes in India.
  2. Cobras are worshipped in many Indian religions – known to be one of the Avataars of Gods.
  3. They are known for their threatening hood at their neck which they spread out when they feel threatened or angry. This hood is made up of flaps of skin attached to long ribs.
  4. Due to their striking pose, even when they lift their heads high up off the ground to search for food, they look scary. Especially when they hiss loudly to scare off potential predators.
  5. The cobra is found more in hot tropical climates- like the Philippines, Southern Asia and Africa.
  6. With more than 270 species; they are usually brown, brownish-black or a dull grey and their venom fangs are half an inch long.
  7. The largest cobras found are the King Cobra.
  8. They are found on land, trees and also in water in tropical climates of Asia.
  9. They generally have a life span of 20 years.
  10. The King Cobra preys on lizards, birds, rodents and even on other snakes. Baby Cobras itself have a length of 18-22 inches.
  11. The smallest cobras are the Mozambique Spitting Cobras.
  12. The spitting cobra can spray venom upto more than 1.8 meters, or 6 feet. They have such perfect aim that they will spit venom straight into the eyes of their prey.
  13. Cobras have excellent night vision and detect their prey with their keen sense of smell.
  14. Their jaws are flexible allowing them to open up the mouth really wide to swallow their prey easily.
  15. Their metabolism is so slow that they need to eat every couple of months.
  16. Cobras are used by snake charmers because they respond well to visual cues. These charmers specialize in getting the Cobra to rise up and “hood-out” to please tourists.

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Cobras Facts

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Boa Constrictor http://mocomi.com/boa-constrictor/ http://mocomi.com/boa-constrictor/#comments Sun, 29 Jan 2017 10:32:02 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=84012 What’s green and bouncy and can hug you to death? A Boa constrictor! The Boa constrictor is a species of large, heavy-bodied snake. Boas are non-poisonous but still deadly. They ambush their prey, which means that they hide and wait for something delicious to go by and then spring a surprise attack on it. They have […]

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Boa Constrictor

What’s green and bouncy and can hug you to death?

A Boa constrictor!

The Boa constrictor is a species of large, heavy-bodied snake. Boas are non-poisonous but still deadly. They ambush their prey, which means that they hide and wait for something delicious to go by and then spring a surprise attack on it. They have a flicking tongue, which they use to pick up on scents. As their name suggests, they coil their bodies around the prey and with each breath of the prey they constrict, or squeeze their coils just a little tighter until the animal can no longer breathe. It’s literally a “Hug of death”
The ones they usually “hug” to death are birds, lizards, frogs and small mammals. Larger Boas even make meals of monkeys, pigs or deer.

They live on the ground as well as on trees.

Boa Constrictor

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Snake Hat http://mocomi.com/snake-hat/ http://mocomi.com/snake-hat/#comments Sat, 28 Jan 2017 05:30:09 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=4291 Click the download button below to get detailed instructions (with pics) for this weekend craft.

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Snake Hat

How to make Snake Hat Craft

Step by Step Instructions :

  1. Use chart paper and cut a (12*16cm)strip.You can cut a three inches wide band to t around your head size.
  2. Now take yellow chart paper and paste the snake shape on it and cut out the snake. Create eyes drawing on sticker paper and paste on the snake.Then paste the tongue cut out. Draw some color cut outs for the snake skin.
  3. Fold yellow, orange and red velvet paper and draw lotus petal shapes and cut out all shapes.
  4. See reference image and paste snake cut out then lotus petals shape cut out around the hat.
  5. Paste yellow, orange and red small size strips for a more decorative snake hat.

Materials Requirement

  • Scissors 1
  • Velvet paper 1
  • Glue stick 1
  • Colorful chart paper 1
  • Glue dots 1
  • Black permanent marker 1
  • Snake drawing shape and template on A4 size paper. 1

We have a huge collection of free and downloadable craft ideas for kids.

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Snake Hat

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Chinese New Year Facts and History http://mocomi.com/fun-facts-chinese-new-year/ http://mocomi.com/fun-facts-chinese-new-year/#comments Fri, 27 Jan 2017 07:31:13 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=73425 This year, Chinese New Year is falling on January 28, 2017. This day is important in Chinese culture. The holidays run for 15 days, starting from the first day of a new moon and ending with the full moon. The Lantern Festival happens then, with lantern displays and a parade at night. Chinese New Year […]

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Chinese New Year Facts and History

This year, Chinese New Year is falling on January 28, 2017. This day is important in Chinese culture. The holidays run for 15 days, starting from the first day of a new moon and ending with the full moon. The Lantern Festival happens then, with lantern displays and a parade at night. Chinese New Year tradition- In many places, there is a dragon dance too on this day.

Facts about Chinese New Year

In Chinese New Year, the date of the new year changes every year, because the Chinese base their calendar on lunar years. The date depends on the day when a new moon rises.
The Chinese New Year calendar has a 12 years cycle. Each year is based on the name of an animal. 2017 will be the Chinese Year of the Rooster.

Story behind Chinese New Year

A long time ago in China, Buddha wanted a way to measure time. So he invited all the animals to race against each other in crossing a river. 12 animals could do this successfully and the Emperor rewarded these 12 animals by naming a year after each one of them, in the order in which they had crossed the river. So, Chinese New Year starts with the year of the Rat, followed by the Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig.

Chinese Zodiac Animal Years

Depending on the year that you are born in, you are supposed to have qualities of the animal representing that year. Discover your animal sign with the help of your birth year

Birth Year Animal Sign Quality Traits
1996, 2008 Rat Imaginative, generous, observant, intelligent, secretive
1997, 2009 Ox Leaders, confident, disciplined, strong, impatient
1998,2010 Tiger Sensitive, emotional, competitive, natural leaders, courageous
1999,2011 Rabbit Wise, thoughtful, affectionate, selfish, quiet, intelligent
2000,2012 Dragon Enthusiastic, perfectionist, intelligent, self-confident, proud
2001,2013 Snake Possessive, proud, thinker, secretive, wise
2002,2014 Horse Witty, friendly, cheerful, popular, impatient, alert
2003,2015 Sheep Intelligent, well-mannered, creative, dependent, shy
2004,2016 Monkey Intelligent, witty, social, talkative, restless, mischievous
2005,2017 Rooster Hard working, courageous, dreamers, practical, bossy
2006,2018 Dog Honest, reliable, logical, anxious, introverts
2007,2019 Pig Sincere, friendly, intellectual, honest, lazy, innocent

More Information:
What do you know about the Dragon Boat Festival?
To know more interesting festivals facts, click here

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Chinese New Year Facts and History

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Chinese Dragon Art http://mocomi.com/chinese-dragon/ http://mocomi.com/chinese-dragon/#comments Fri, 27 Jan 2017 07:30:52 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=74203 Looking for craft ideas for kids? What about dragon art? Make a Chinese dragon for Chinese New Year! Dragon Art for Kids What You Need 2.5 feet of colored paper(red and yellow), an inch wide Card paper- orange and green More colored paper- red, orange, white and yellow Sequins Pencil Glue Scissors How to make […]

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Chinese Dragon Art

Looking for craft ideas for kids? What about dragon art? Make a Chinese dragon for Chinese New Year!

Dragon Art for Kids

What You Need

  • 2.5 feet of colored paper(red and yellow), an inch wide
  • Card paper- orange and green
  • More colored paper- red, orange, white and yellow
  • Sequins
  • Pencil
  • Glue
  • Scissors

How to make a Chinese Dragon

  • First, take a 3 inch X 3 inch piece of red paper. Cut out the dragon’s head from this paper.
  • Next, make the dragon’s beard. Take a 3 inch X 1 inch green paper. Cut vertical lines in it. Stick it to the back of the red paper.
  • Make the eyes and teeth from white paper.
  • Use the orange paper to make more shapes and stick them on the sides.
  • Stick the sequins in the eyes and as nostrils.
  • For the body, take the two long strips of red and yellow paper and stick them at a 90 degree angle.
  • Fold the bottom strip over the top one. Next, fold the top strip over the bottom one. Keep doing this until you run out of paper. Stick the ends together properly.
  • Stick the head to the body.
  • It’s time to make the tail! Cut thin strips of red and yellow paper. Curl them with your finger. Stick them to the dragon’s end.
  • Have fun making your dragon move! Tells us how you enjoyed making these paper crafts in the comments. We’ll be back with more art projects for kids. Write to us if you have any art and craft ideas you want us to put up.

For more similar craft ideas for kids go to Craft Ideas for Kids.

Chinese Dragon Art

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The Statue of Liberty http://mocomi.com/the-statue-of-liberty/ http://mocomi.com/the-statue-of-liberty/#comments Mon, 23 Jan 2017 10:38:37 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=85366 9 Fabulous Facts about The Statue of Liberty It all started at dinner one night near Paris in 1865. A group of Frenchmen discussing their dictator-like emperor and the democratic government of the U.S decided to build a monument to freedom. Thus was born the lady Liberty. The sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi imagined the monument to […]

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The Statue of Liberty

9 Fabulous Facts about The Statue of Liberty

  1. It all started at dinner one night near Paris in 1865. A group of Frenchmen discussing their dictator-like emperor and the democratic government of the U.S decided to build a monument to freedom. Thus was born the lady Liberty.
  2. The sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi imagined the monument to be the statue of a woman holding a torch burning with the light of freedom. And she was finally built by Gustave Eiffel with the help of tons of workers working ten hour days, seven days a week for nine years!
  3. In 1886 on October 28th, France dedicated the statue to America. The statue was to be a universal symbol of freedom. The seven points on her crown represent the seven seas and continents. The crown also has 25 windows you can look out of. You would have to climb 354 stairs(22 stories) to do that though.
  4. It is said that she was modeled after the image of the sculptor’s mom, but represents ‘Libertas’, the Roman Goddess of Freedom. She arrived in America in 214 crates, and was assembled thereafter. When she first arrived, she was copper colored. 30 years of oxidation turned her color green. The amount of copper used to build her could make 30 million pennies!
  5. Lady liberty is 151ft and one inches tall. Along with her pedestal, which is 154 ft tall, the entire monument comes to height of 305 ft 1 inch from the ground! She sure is one tall lady!
  6. Although she is one tough metallic lady, she does sway to the wind – a very fast one though. It takes a 50 mile/hr wind to sway her torch by about 6 inches! So much? Well of course! We expect nothing less from a statue that weighs 450,000 pounds!
  7. Did you know that she wears size 879 sandals on her 25 ft long feet?
  8. Lightning doesn’t strike twice, it is said…. or does it? The lady liberty is estimated to be hit by about 600 bolts of lightning every year! Yikes!
  9. Although she now has an American island to her name, she could have ended up at the mouth of the Suez canal in Egypt, if they hadn’t rejected her for being too old fashioned!

The statue of Liberty sure has a lot of interesting history, doesn’t it?

More Information

13 Fun video facts about The Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty

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Supreme Court of India http://mocomi.com/supreme-court-of-india/ http://mocomi.com/supreme-court-of-india/#comments Mon, 23 Jan 2017 09:28:22 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93322 I’m in New Delhi, India, and behind me is the building of the Supreme Court, the highest judicial forum of the Republic of India! When was the Supreme Court of India established? The Supreme Court of India was established in January 1950, is the final court of appeal for the Republic of India, the highest […]

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Supreme Court of India

I’m in New Delhi, India, and behind me is the building of the Supreme Court, the highest judicial forum of the Republic of India!

When was the Supreme Court of India established?

The Supreme Court of India was established in January 1950, is the final court of appeal for the Republic of India, the highest constitutional court and the highest judicial forum. It primarily takes up appeals and cases against the verdicts of the various state high courts and other courts and tribunals. Its motto is “ Yato dharmas tatojayah”, a Sanskrit phrase which means “whence justice, thence victory”.

History of the Supreme Court of India

The main building of the Supreme Court of India is an impressive structure designed in an Indo – British style by architect Ganesh Bhikaji Deolalikar, who was the first Indian to head the Central Public Works Department. The building design symbolizes the scales of justice with two court halls on each side and the center-beam being the Central Wing of the building comprising the Chief Justice’s court, the largest of the courtrooms.  The building houses a total of 15 court rooms in its various wings. The Right Wing of the structure has the bar – room, the offices of the Attorney General of India and other law officers as well as the vast library of the court. The Left Wing has the offices of the court.

Another unique monument in this building is the bronze sculpture of Mother India with the young Republic of India. The symbolic statue was designed by the renowned artist Chintamoni Kar.

Justice in India

The supreme court of India has played a pivotal role in upholding justice in India, and for its purposes, engages the services of a Chief Justice and 30 judges. These judges are appointed after a careful and meticulous screening process that includes, among other factors, meeting certain eligibility criteria such as –

Qualifications for the judge of the Supreme Court

  1. They must be a citizen of India.
  2. They must be a judge of one high court or more (continuously), for at least five years.
  3. An advocate there, for at least ten years.
  4. A distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President.

Only a person who meets the above criteria earns the honor and responsibility of becoming a Supreme Court Judge and serve the country till their tenure ends at the age of 65.

The Supreme Court Museum

I’ve learned a lot about the Indian Judicial system in my visit here, especially from the Supreme Court Museum, a small, but very informative building in the Supreme Court premises. A must visit for anybody who is interested in learning about the history and development of the Indian Judicial system.

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Supreme Court of India

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Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood! http://mocomi.com/penguin-receives-norwegian-knighthood/ http://mocomi.com/penguin-receives-norwegian-knighthood/#comments Thu, 19 Jan 2017 09:39:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93953 Why was a penguin knighted by Norwegian Army? The knighted Penguin in Edinburgh has already been a corporal, a sergeant, a sergeant major and a colonel in chief. The history of Nils Olav goes back to 1972 when the Norwegian King’s guards visited the Edinburgh zoo. They were looking at the Penguins in the zoo […]

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Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood!

Why was a penguin knighted by Norwegian Army?

The knighted Penguin in Edinburgh has already been a corporal, a sergeant, a sergeant major and a colonel in chief. The history of Nils Olav goes back to 1972 when the Norwegian King’s guards visited the Edinburgh zoo. They were looking at the Penguins in the zoo and were so thrilled to see the penguins that the Major at the time decided that he had like to adopt one penguin.

The adopted Penguin was named Nils Olav, after the Norwegian King at the time. Later in 1982 the Kings guards returned to Edinburgh and decided to make the penguin their mascot by giving him the rank of lance corporal. Unfortunately, he died shortly after his promotion to sergeant. But he was lovingly replaced by Nils Olav II, his two-year-old near-double.

It was Nils Olav II who was awarded the knighthood. And a third penguin, Nils Olav III took over between 2008 and 2016 and has been promoted to Brigadier.

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Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood!

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Welter http://mocomi.com/welter/ http://mocomi.com/welter/#comments Tue, 17 Jan 2017 12:12:09 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93928 What does “Welter” mean? Have you ever been in a situation that was so confusing that you couldn’t make head or tail out of it? This kind of jumbled up confusion or turmoil is called welter, [pronounced wel-ter]. It’s an English word that aptly describes extremely messy jumbles.

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Welter

What does “Welter” mean?

Have you ever been in a situation that was so confusing that you couldn’t make head or tail out of it? This kind of jumbled up confusion or turmoil is called welter, [pronounced wel-ter]. It’s an English word that aptly describes extremely messy jumbles.

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Welter

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Happy Republic Day flag http://mocomi.com/happy-republic-day-flag/ http://mocomi.com/happy-republic-day-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:30:16 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=8520 Learn how to draw with our Drawing for kids lessons. Happy Republic Day Flag – Free printable online colouring page for kids. Colour online using our colouring palette and download your coloured page by clicking save image. How to colour this colouring page? Have fun colouring our colouring pages, by following some simple instructions: Go through our […]

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Happy Republic Day flag

Learn how to draw with our Drawing for kids lessons.

Happy Republic Day Flag – Free printable online colouring page for kids. Colour online using our colouring palette and download your coloured page by clicking save image.

How to colour this colouring page?

Have fun colouring our colouring pages, by following some simple instructions:

  • Go through our collection and choose an image you want to colour.
  • You can click on the “felpen” or “crayon” and use it to colour the image.
  • Click on any of the “size” and choose how big you want your stroke to be.
  • Click on the range of colours on the bottom left and go nuts!!
  • In case you don’t like what you did, you can always click the “eraser” and erase away all the strokes you don’t want. How cool is that?!?
  • Once you are done with your masterpiece, don’t forget to “Save Image” and show it off to all your friends!
  • Click on “Download Activity”, in case you want to take a print out of the activity itself.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Happy Republic Day flag

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Republic Day Colouring Page http://mocomi.com/republic-day-colouring-page/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-colouring-page/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:27:22 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=78199 Are you patriotic? Do you fly the flag on state occasions? Then you will enjoy colouring Pinky as she rejoices on Republic Day. Use bright colours for her outfit to make her stand out. Once you finish, you can show it to everyone and keep it for next year! Download these Free Colouring Pages HERE.

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Republic Day Colouring Page

Are you patriotic? Do you fly the flag on state occasions? Then you will enjoy colouring Pinky as she rejoices on Republic Day. Use bright colours for her outfit to make her stand out. Once you finish, you can show it to everyone and keep it for next year!

Download these Free Colouring Pages HERE.

Republic Day Colouring Page

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Republic Day glasses http://mocomi.com/republic-day-glasses/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-glasses/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:24:35 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=8505 How to make Republic Day glasses? Republic Day glasses – Learn how to make you own Republic Day glasses with the help of our step by step craft lesson for kids. Step by Step Instructions : Step 1: Print the stencil from the following page and cut out the shape of the mask. You can […]

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Republic Day glasses

How to make Republic Day glasses?

Republic Day glasses – Learn how to make you own Republic Day glasses with the help of our step by step craft lesson for kids.

Step by Step Instructions :

Step 1: Print the stencil from the following page and cut out the shape of the mask. You can paste this on a stronger material like cardboard for added strength.
Step 2: Cut thin strips of orange, white, and green paper and attach them in bunches on either side of the mask.
Step 3: Tape the stick behind the mask as shown below.

Materials Requirement

  • Chart sheet 1
  • Coloured Paper (orange, green, white) 1 each
  • India mask template 1
  • Scissors 1
  • Tape 1
  • Small stick 1
  • Cardboard 1

We have a huge collection of free and downloadable craft ideas for kids.

Republic Day glasses

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Can Penguins fly? http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/ http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 12:18:12 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86337 Have you ever seen a flying Penguin? The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research […]

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Can Penguins fly?

Have you ever seen a flying Penguin?

The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research has gone into answering this question.

And here’s what the research says,

The penguin is a bird species that is highly specialized for its native environment, which includes the coasts of Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, and the Galapagos Islands. There, being able to swim to catch fish is more useful than flying.

Firstly, do Penguins have Wings?

Yes and no. Penguins have wing-like flippers. These tapered, flattened flippers are covered with short, scale-like feathers. Typical wings are too flexible, and hence, ill-suited for swimming. Water being denser than air, penguin wings are shorter and stouter than the wings of flying birds.

Why do Penguins have Wings if they can’t Fly?

As mentioned before, penguin wings are actually flippers that are perfectly adapted for swimming. They are narrow and hard and help propel and steer penguins through the water. So it’s these “wings” that make penguins such expert swimmers.

Why can’t Penguins fly?

A Study of the Evolution of Penguins reveals more,
As penguins evolved, their wings adapted to becoming more efficient while swimming and diving (to catch their food). This meant that flying now required more and more energy. At some point, this trade-off meant that flying consumed too much energy. Hence, instead of sustaining flight, becoming flightless was by far a better option for penguins. This also means that penguins today have heavier bones, more suited to grounded birds.

Thus, the penguins that can dive as deep as 1,850 feet in search of fish, squid and tiny crustaceans called krill are awkward on land – waddling across the ice or sliding on their bellies.

Scientists have concluded that a wing that is good for flying cannot also be good for diving and swimming in other words, a bird that is a good swimmer cannot excel at flying.

Related Article

Here’s a fun video about 11 amazing Facts about Penguins.

Can Penguins fly?

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Why do we celebrate Republic Day? http://mocomi.com/why-do-we-celebrate-republic-day/ http://mocomi.com/why-do-we-celebrate-republic-day/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 12:06:57 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86145 Origin and History of Republic Day of India India had to fight really hard to drive the British out of the country. We managed to drive them out on 15th August 1947. Even though we became independent, we did not have a constitution of our own. A constitution has the basic rules and principles for […]

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Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Origin and History of Republic Day of India

India had to fight really hard to drive the British out of the country. We managed to drive them out on 15th August 1947. Even though we became independent, we did not have a constitution of our own.

A constitution has the basic rules and principles for running a nation. So, India had a government at the time of Independence, but it did not have a constitution.

Republic Day was first celebrated when India’s constitution came into existence- on 26th January, 1950. India became a republic on this day. Like in a democracy, in a republic too, the people elect representatives to run the government. However, this government can’t take away our rights, which are protected by the constitution. That’s the difference between a democracy and a republic.

During the period between 1947 and 1950, without the Constitution, India was headed by King George VI. But on the first Republic Day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad became our first President. It was also on this day in 1950, that the Declaration of Independence from the British rule was made.

Did you think that Republic day is celebrated only in India?

Here are some other nations that celebrate it :

  • Pakistan – our neighbor, Pakistan declared itself an Islamic Republic on 23rd March, 1956. They celebrate their Republic Day on this date every year.
  • Nepal – became a republic recently, in 2008.
  • Italy – Ruled by cruel monarchs for 85 years, Italy finally became a republic on June 2, 1946.
  • Turkey – Turkey was ruled by the Ottoman Empire but on October 29, 1923, Turkey became a Republic.
  • China – The People’s Republic of China was formed on 1st October 1949. Since then, China celebrates this day as the National Day of the People’s Republic of China.
Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

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Republic Day Dove http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove-2/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove-2/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 07:41:36 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9380 Republic Day Dove – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Dove pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through […]

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Republic Day Dove

Republic Day Dove – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Dove pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Dove

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Republic Day Flag http://mocomi.com/republic-day-flag/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 07:40:00 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9387 Republic Day Flag – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Flag pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through […]

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Republic Day Flag

Republic Day Flag – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Flag pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Flag

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Republic Day Indian Flag http://mocomi.com/republic-day-indian-flag/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-indian-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 06:40:22 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9339 Republic Day Indian Flag – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Indian Flag page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book. Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold […]

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Republic Day Indian Flag

Republic Day Indian Flag – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Indian Flag page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book.

Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle to get your page grabber ready to use.

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Indian Flag

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Republic Day Dove http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 06:08:23 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9311 Republic Day Dove – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Dove page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book. Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two […]

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Republic Day Dove

Republic Day Dove – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Dove page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book.

Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle to get your page grabber ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Dove

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Republic Day of India http://mocomi.com/republic-day/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day/#comments Sat, 14 Jan 2017 23:31:37 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=927 Commemorating the Indian Constitution- a pillar of Indian governance.

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Republic Day of India

When did India become a Republic?

Republic Day in India is celebrated on January 26 to commemorate the day on which the Constitution of India came into effect. The Indian Constitution was put into effect in the year 1950 in place of the Government of India Act. Even though India obtained independence from British rule in 1947, it took a special Drafting Committee headed by Babasahed Ambedkar, 166 sessions over the next 3 years to finalise the document and put it into effect.

The newly established Indian nation chose to adopt the constitution on January 26 because it is a symbol for the Indian Freedom Struggle. In 1930, well before Indian independence the Indian National Congress led by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared Purna Swaraj or complete independence. He did this by hoisting the Indian flag on the banks of the Ravi river (now in Pakistan).

Republic Day Celebrations in India

In Delhi, the seat of the Indian government, there is a grand parade to mark the importance of Republic Day. Before the parade begins the Prime Minister places a wreath at a memorial called Amar Jawan Jyoti, dedicated to the unknown soldiers that died fighting for India’s freedom. This act is followed by 2 minutes of silence in honour of these unnamed soldiers.

The Prime Minister then takes his place in the president’s box along with other Indian officials and foreign dignitaries to witness the parade. The ceremonies begin with a 21 gun salute once the flag is hoisted accompanied by the Indian National Anthem.

The Indian National Anthem

was written in a highly Sanskritized form of Bengali called Tatsama. It is taken from the Brahmo hymn composed by Guru Rabindranath Tagore and was first sung as in a session by the Indian National Congress in Calcutta in 1911. Jana Gana Mana was only officially adopted as the national anthem years later in 1950.

Click here to listen to it!

After the national anthem is played the President gives awards for bravery and varied acts of valour to men and women in the armed forces. This is finally followed by a parade of regiments from the armed forces and floats representing the various cultures of India. The parade ends with a fly-past by Indian Air Force jets.

Ceremonies are also held in all the state capitals and flag-hoisting ceremonies are organised by all schools that are compulsory for all children to attend.

Beating of the Retreat

The words beating and retreat in the same sentence sounds very un-republic day-like but actually has nothing to do with beating or retreating. The beating of the retreat which takes place on the 29th of January at Raisina Hill and the adjacent Vijay Chork in New Delhi marks the end of the Republic day celebrations. The chief guest to the event is always the President of India who arrives with a cavalry unit. The ceremony and fanfare involves dispalys by the bands of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. There is also a drummer’s solo, followed by a solemn ceremony where the Indian national flag is taken down to the hymn Abide With Me. The procession ends with a bugle call to retreat where all other flags are taken down and the bands march out to the tune of Sare Jahan Se Achcha.

The Indian Flag

Before the British Raj, India was ruled by different princely states which all had their own symbols to represent the kingdom. However after the rebellion of 1857, which resulted in the establishment of direct imperial rule in the colony of India, the first flag reflected the fact that India was very much under British rule. It was a regular Union Jack defaced in the center with the Star of India with the image of the Tudor crown above it.

There were many variations of a flag that represented the Indian people put forth by various factions of the Indian freedom struggle. By the time of the Non-cooperation movement of the early 1920’s a full-fledged campaign had taken shape surrounding the right of Indians to hoist their own flag thereby challenging British rule and the laws that prohibited flying nationalist flags. This was a tricolour with the charkha or spinning wheel at its center.

The rendering of the Indian flag as we see it today was a modified version of the the earlier tricolour. The charkha in the center was replaced with the Chakra to borrow from the idea of law and dharma that it represents on the Lion capital of Ashoka. The chakra has 24 spokes to represent the 24 hours of progress within the day; the saffron colour represents courage and sacrifice; white – truth and purity; green – peace and prosperity.

There are rules that govern how and for what an Indian flag can be used for. Here are some of them:

  • There is currently only one licensed flag production and supply unit in India that follow the strict guidelines of producing an Indian flag. An Indian flag must be made of khadi cloth of silk or cotton and each roll of cloth that eventually turns into a flag is sent to a lab to be tested for quality.
  • The flag must never touch the ground or water, or be used as a drapery in any form.
  • The flag may not be placed intentionally upside down, dipped in anything or hold any objects other than flower petals before unfurling. When the flag is flown horizontally it must also be flipped 90 degrees so that it reads left to right, like a book.
  • The original flag code restricted private citizens to flying the flag only on national holidays such as Republic day and Independence day. In 2001 Naveen Jindal flew an Indian flag outside his office building, which was promptly foniscated and he was warned of prosecution. Mr. Jindal filed suit in the High Court of Delhi seeking to strike down the restriction on the use of the flag by private citizens, arguing that it was his right as a citizen of India to hoist his national colours.
  • No complete representation of the flag can appear below the waist on clothing, or on undergarments.
  • Damaged flags must be disposed of in private by burning or any other method consistent with the dignity of the flag.

Project

Did you know that there are many monuments dedicated to soldiers who died in battle. Can you find such monuments around the world?

Republic Day of India

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Snowflake http://mocomi.com/snowflake/ http://mocomi.com/snowflake/#comments Thu, 12 Jan 2017 13:12:03 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86261 Holy Moly, Where am I? What’s small, pretty and cold as ice? A Snowflake! A flake of snow is essentially a feathery ice crystal. All snowflakes only have six sides. How do Snowflakes form? A snowflake begins to form when an extremely cold water droplet freezes onto a pollen or dust particle in the sky. […]

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Snowflake

Holy Moly,

Where am I?

What’s small, pretty and cold as ice?

A Snowflake!

A flake of snow is essentially a feathery ice crystal. All snowflakes only have six sides.

How do Snowflakes form?

A snowflake begins to form when an extremely cold water droplet freezes onto a pollen or dust particle in the sky. This creates an ice crystal. Ice crystals form in mostly cold places where its snows a lot. Snowflakes are so delicate that when we touch a snow flake with our bare hands it starts to melt right away.

Can you imagine the number of snowflakes that need to stick together to even make a snowball? Before I crash into the snowman, I should get out of here!

Snowflake

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Indian Army Day http://mocomi.com/indian-army-day/ http://mocomi.com/indian-army-day/#comments Thu, 12 Jan 2017 11:29:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93906 We are safe in our homes because there are men protecting us, guarding the borders of our nation and keeping the enemies away- yes, they are the Indian Army men. They are courageous men in olive green who have made the nation proud and filled our heart with pride and gratitude. When was Indian Army […]

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Indian Army Day

We are safe in our homes because there are men protecting us, guarding the borders of our nation and keeping the enemies away- yes, they are the Indian Army men.

They are courageous men in olive green who have made the nation proud and filled our heart with pride and gratitude.

When was Indian Army formed?

The Indian Army was formed in 1776 under the British Government. It originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British India Army. It was only in 1949 when Lt. General Cariappa (later Field Marshal) took over as the Commander-in- chief from the British Government that the Indian Army was formed and Army Day was celebrated.

On this day parades and military shows take place in the National Capital- New Delhi. This special day also marks a day to salute all valiant, heroic soldiers who sacrificed their lives for our nation and the people of this country.

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Indian Army Day

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Iktsuarpok http://mocomi.com/iktsuarpok/ http://mocomi.com/iktsuarpok/#comments Wed, 11 Jan 2017 08:58:02 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93886 What does “Iktsuarpok” mean? You know that feeling when you’re waiting for someone to arrive and you feel so impatient that you keep checking the door to see if they’re here yet? Sometimes it’s a friend, and sometimes it’s something you’ve ordered and you just can’t wait for it to be delivered! Well there’s a […]

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Iktsuarpok

What does “Iktsuarpok” mean?

You know that feeling when you’re waiting for someone to arrive and you feel so impatient that you keep checking the door to see if they’re here yet? Sometimes it’s a friend, and sometimes it’s something you’ve ordered and you just can’t wait for it to be delivered! Well there’s a useful word for this in the Inuit dictionary. It’s Itskuarpok (pronounced eek-soow-uhr-pohk), and it’s just perfect to describe that heady impatient feeling of waiting for something to arrive!

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Test Single Page http://mocomi.com/test-single-page/ http://mocomi.com/test-single-page/#comments Mon, 09 Jan 2017 07:12:54 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93864 Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into […]

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Test Single Page

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

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Why can’t we feel the earth spinning? http://mocomi.com/why-cant-we-feel-the-earth-spinning/ http://mocomi.com/why-cant-we-feel-the-earth-spinning/#comments Fri, 06 Jan 2017 08:39:36 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93842 Why we don’t feel earth’s rotation? Every 23 hours and 56 minutes our planet earth completes a full turn around its axis. It spins at a constant rate. The atmosphere, along with the earth and everything else on the planet is moving at the same speed. But still we cannot feel the spinning movement of […]

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Why can’t we feel the earth spinning?

Why we don’t feel earth’s rotation?

Every 23 hours and 56 minutes our planet earth completes a full turn around its axis. It spins at a constant rate. The atmosphere, along with the earth and everything else on the planet is moving at the same speed. But still we cannot feel the spinning movement of the earth.

What is Earth’s Axis?

An axis is an invisible straight line that runs through an object from one end to the other. The earth and all other planets and satellites in the universe have an invisible axis. The earth rotates on its axis and completes one day. The next day it starts a whole new spin. The earth travels at a constant speed. It doesn’t slow down or accelerate all of a sudden. If the earth would suddenly increase speed or put on brakes we would definitely feel that movement!

It’s like moving in a car. If you are sitting in a car riding through a highway, you do not feel the movement. Of course you feel it when you see outside your window and see things moving away. But you feel the movement only when the car slows down or puts sudden breaks.

Related Article:

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Luftmensch http://mocomi.com/luftmensch/ http://mocomi.com/luftmensch/#comments Wed, 04 Jan 2017 06:42:19 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93806 What does “Luftmensch” mean? Some people just have their heads in clouds. They seem to be free from the worries of life, often seeking and finding solace in their own little worlds. They wander off into their own dreams, and sometimes end up being completely impractical! There’s a Yiddish word for people such as these, […]

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Luftmensch

What does “Luftmensch” mean?

Some people just have their heads in clouds. They seem to be free from the worries of life, often seeking and finding solace in their own little worlds. They wander off into their own dreams, and sometimes end up being completely impractical! There’s a Yiddish word for people such as these, and it’s Luftmensch, pronounced [loohft-men-t-sh]. It literally translates to air person, and refers to people who have a tendency to be dreamers, and who end up in impractical situations due to this habit. Do you know any Luftmensch around you?

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What makes stamps valuable? http://mocomi.com/what-makes-stamps-valuable/ http://mocomi.com/what-makes-stamps-valuable/#comments Wed, 04 Jan 2017 05:54:06 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93787 Why do we need stamps? The first stamp was issued in 1840 in England. Up until then the postage price was paid by the receiver of the mail. However it got difficult to collect money from receivers who refused the mail. What a waste of time, energy and effort! That’s when the idea of a […]

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What makes stamps valuable?

Why do we need stamps?

The first stamp was issued in 1840 in England. Up until then the postage price was paid by the receiver of the mail. However it got difficult to collect money from receivers who refused the mail. What a waste of time, energy and effort! That’s when the idea of a stamp sparked as it ensured the prepayment of mail.

Why do people collect stamps?

A stamps later became something like time capsules. They carried a little information about the history, geography, art and culture of a particular time. So, a good stamp collection gives you a view of the world from any era you would want.

The value of a stamp

The value of a stamp is defined by

  • Age of the stamp
  • Place where it is issued
  • Condition of gum on the stamp
  • And the perforation

Stamps become more valuable once they are discontinued. The lesser the total number of a stamp available in the market, the more valuable it is to collectors.
Stamp collections give us a sense of belonging. It helps us to share the history of the world with each other.

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What makes stamps valuable?

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Makar Sankranti Celebration in India http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-celebration/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-celebration/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 13:30:21 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86908 Tilgul Ghya Aani God God Bola “Til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bola” –meaning, take this sweet and say sweet things. I’m back in India at the right time it seems! Sweet tooth that I am, I’m happy to be here in India to celebrate Makar Sankranti. Also called Uttarayan (or the day on which the sun […]

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Makar Sankranti Celebration in India

Tilgul Ghya Aani God God Bola

“Til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bola” –meaning, take this sweet and say sweet things. I’m back in India at the right time it seems! Sweet tooth that I am, I’m happy to be here in India to celebrate Makar Sankranti. Also called Uttarayan (or the day on which the sun begins its northward journey), it’s a festival celebrated on January 14, every year. All other Indian festivals are celebrated as per the lunar calendar, which make their days of celebration on the solar calendar vary every year. It is the only Indian festival celebrated on a fixed calendric day of the solar calendar.

Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra

Makar Sankranti is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different parts of the country, and marks the arrival of spring in India. I’m in Maharashtra right now, where the custom is to wear black, and exchange sweets known as ‘til-gul’. Another interesting tradition they have in multiple parts of the country is to fly colourful kites. Quite a group activity it is! Kids and adults alike fly brightly coloured kites. There are even kite flying competitions! So much fun isn’t it?

Asking around, I found out that in India, during this festivals, farmers typically plan their future crop cycles along with celebrating the current harvest. And the best part about this is that the farm animals are also a part of the meeting! That’s kind of sweet isn’t it?

The one thing I love about traveling all over the world is that I always stumble upon such fascinating and fun customs and traditions! And the oh-so-delicious food, that is always a given with the festivities. And trips to India are always accompanied by lip-smacking food!

Related Article:

Read all about Makar Sankranti, the festival of kites, visit: http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/

Makar Sankranti Celebration in India

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Kite http://mocomi.com/kite/ http://mocomi.com/kite/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 11:21:58 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=20837 Kite – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Kite pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and […]

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Kite

Kite – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Kite pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

More Pencil Toppers for Kids…

For more such cool pencil toppers, visit: http://mocomi.com/fun/arts-crafts/printables/pencil-toppers/

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Kite

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Makar Sankranti – Festival Facts http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 09:56:23 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=84104 Makar Sankranti is when the sun starts its journey north bound; increasing sun light time on Earth. It is the starting of warmer days on Earth. Makar Sankranti or the Festival of Nature falls on the 14th of January. The Festival of Kites Colorful and creative kites decorate the sky as they are flown high […]

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Makar Sankranti - Festival Facts

Makar Sankranti is when the sun starts its journey north bound; increasing sun light time on Earth. It is the starting of warmer days on Earth. Makar Sankranti or the Festival of Nature falls on the 14th of January.

The Festival of Kites

Colorful and creative kites decorate the sky as they are flown high in the sky by children. The free flowing kites symbolize the freedom from diseases like cold, caused by winter, from the body. After a heavy lunch, which consist of dahi chuda, red pumpkin curry, and a sweet made from jaggery, sesame seeds and rice (showing unity); people join together to fly kites. When they cut someone else’s kite, they exclaim phirko vet phirko.

How is Makar Sankranti celebrated in different states of India?

Men and women are seen offering sweets to the man and his colorfully dressed cow while he sings songs in praise of Lord Vishnu. History says this festival sends a message from the Sun God to all children to reach out and enjoy daylight and goodwill. People in Bengal dip their bodies in the Ganges to purify themselves. In Kerala it is said that if the milk spills over than pan, then it means that nature will offer plenty of goods. This festival also marks the beginning of the harvest season in Punjab.

Playing tekeli bhonga (pot breaking), or stealing firewood for amusement, or drumming the dhol, or dancing the naati dance (Himachal Pradesh folk dance), or making a muggulu (colorful rangoli with colored rice) or just decorating the cattle and parading it around; there are plenty of games to play on this day.

People donate their old clothes. Some people burn their old furniture etc. Young children get gifts from their elders. Hugs are exchanged all around.

Now take a piece of paper. Draw a kite. Paint it, color it, and stick pieces of paper on it with some glitters. Attach a string to it and let it fly on Makar Sankranti this year.

More Festival details

Makar Sankranti - Festival Facts

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How to Make a Kite http://mocomi.com/how-to-make-a-kite/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-make-a-kite/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 07:00:54 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=81715 Easy Paper Kite for Kids What You Need 8.5 inches x 11 inches thick piece of paper A wooden skewer/straight drinking straw Kite string/ light strong string Wide ribbon Scissors Tape 15 Steps to make a Kite Fold the paper in half Mark a point on the paper’s top, about an inch from the fold. […]

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How to Make a Kite

Easy Paper Kite for Kids

What You Need

  • 8.5 inches x 11 inches thick piece of paper
  • A wooden skewer/straight drinking straw
  • Kite string/ light strong string
  • Wide ribbon
  • Scissors
  • Tape

15 Steps to make a Kite

  1. Fold the paper in half
  2. Mark a point on the paper’s top, about an inch from the fold.
  3. Similarly, mark a point on the bottom of the paper, an inch from the open side.
  4. Draw a dotted line connecting these points.
  5. Fold the paper’s top corner along the line that you drew.
  6. Then, turn the paper and fold the other side down, in the same way as the side you just folded.
  7. Again, turn the paper so that it looks like it did in Step 5.
  8. Put pieces of tape on the middle crease.
  9. Put a skewer across the kite, as shown. Tape that too.
  10. Turn the kite. Straighten its ‘spine.’
  11. Mark a spot one third of the way down the spine, half an inch from the edge. Put tape over it, on both sides.
  12. With your scissors, make a hole in this spot.
  13. Tie your kite string through this hole with a strong knot.
  14. Tape an end of the ribbon at the bottom of the back of the kite.
  15. Keep the ribbon tail of the kite between six to ten feet. If it feels the kite can’t hold the ribbon’s weight, cut it shorter.

Have fun flying your kite! A light breeze will be perfect, it might not do well if it’s very windy.

To know how to fly a kite visit http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/

How to Make a Kite

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Makar Sankranti http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 04:30:17 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=925 Taking the meaning of 'go fly a kite' to new heights

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Makar Sankranti

What is Makar Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti or just Sankranti is celebrated in India by various groups of people for different reasons. In astrology it is day on which the sun moves into the house of Capricorn. The name of the festival comes from combination of the Hindi word for Capricorn- Makar and the word for the movement of earth from one zodiac in the sky to another- sankranti. The day is supposed to mark the winter solstice but since calculations for the lunar calendar are not made using the tropical (standard) time scheme it falls on the 14th of January, 21 days after the actual winter solstice.

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?

There are many beliefs and much folk-lore behind the celebrations of this day. One is that on this day Vishnu ended the war between the Devas and Asuras which had been going on for millenia. So for some this marks the end of negativity and a start of the era of righteous living.

Another belief is that Bhishma, who was granted a boon by his father that he would die only when he willed it, decided to be released from his mortal form. Hence it is auspicious for people to begin physical and spiritual journeys on this day.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated by different names and customs in different parts of India. It is essentially a harvest festival celebrated with great fanfare. There are melas or fairs held in many regions but one of the traditions in particular is flying kites. People of all ages take to rooftops to fly kites in an act to get closer to God.

Project

Kites come in various shapes and sizes and can be made of different types of materials. The most common type of kite is the diamond shaped kite that is light-weight and easy to fly. Have you ever flown a kite? Try it!

More Facts
Click here to know a few amazing facts about the Festival of Kites.

Makar Sankranti

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Kite Flying http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/ http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 04:12:20 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=11843 How high can your kite go?

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Kite Flying

How to Fly a Kite?

Kite flying is a lot of fun, especially on a windy day. Selecting an open field is the best place to fly a kite.

To fly a kite you need a friend to be with you to help get the kite up in the air. By holding the ball of the string, ask your friend to hold the kite or vice-versa. Unwind anywhere between 20-30 metres of string, depending upon how strong the wind is blowing.

When you think the conditions are ideal, signal to your friend to release the kite and when this is done, pull on the string to launch the kite into the air. Pay close attention to where the wind is blowing.

If you want your kite to go even higher, release some more string. To lower the kite, simply pull back on the string.

More Information :
Here’s a fun craft activity lesson on how to make a kite.

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