Mocomi Kids http://mocomi.com Inspiring Curiosity! Fri, 20 Jan 2017 12:17:15 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.11 Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood! http://mocomi.com/penguin-receives-norwegian-knighthood/ http://mocomi.com/penguin-receives-norwegian-knighthood/#comments Thu, 19 Jan 2017 09:39:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93953 Why was a penguin knighted by Norwegian Army? The knighted Penguin in Edinburgh has already been a corporal, a sergeant, a sergeant major and a colonel in chief. The history of Nils Olav goes back to 1972 when the Norwegian King’s guards visited the Edinburgh zoo. They were looking at the Penguins in the zoo […]

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Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood!

Why was a penguin knighted by Norwegian Army?

The knighted Penguin in Edinburgh has already been a corporal, a sergeant, a sergeant major and a colonel in chief. The history of Nils Olav goes back to 1972 when the Norwegian King’s guards visited the Edinburgh zoo. They were looking at the Penguins in the zoo and were so thrilled to see the penguins that the Major at the time decided that he had like to adopt one penguin.

The adopted Penguin was named Nils Olav, after the Norwegian King at the time. Later in 1982 the Kings guards returned to Edinburgh and decided to make the penguin their mascot by giving him the rank of lance corporal. Unfortunately, he died shortly after his promotion to sergeant. But he was lovingly replaced by Nils Olav II, his two-year-old near-double.

It was Nils Olav II who was awarded the knighthood. And a third penguin, Nils Olav III took over between 2008 and 2016 and has been promoted to Brigadier.

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Penguin receives Norwegian Knighthood!

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Welter http://mocomi.com/welter/ http://mocomi.com/welter/#comments Tue, 17 Jan 2017 12:12:09 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93928 What does “Welter” mean? Have you ever been in a situation that was so confusing that you couldn’t make head or tail out of it? This kind of jumbled up confusion or turmoil is called welter, [pronounced wel-ter]. It’s an English word that aptly describes extremely messy jumbles.

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Welter

What does “Welter” mean?

Have you ever been in a situation that was so confusing that you couldn’t make head or tail out of it? This kind of jumbled up confusion or turmoil is called welter, [pronounced wel-ter]. It’s an English word that aptly describes extremely messy jumbles.

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Welter

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Happy Republic Day flag http://mocomi.com/happy-republic-day-flag/ http://mocomi.com/happy-republic-day-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:30:16 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=8520 Learn how to draw with our Drawing for kids lessons. Happy Republic Day Flag – Free printable online colouring page for kids. Colour online using our colouring palette and download your coloured page by clicking save image. How to colour this colouring page? Have fun colouring our colouring pages, by following some simple instructions: Go through our […]

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Happy Republic Day flag

Learn how to draw with our Drawing for kids lessons.

Happy Republic Day Flag – Free printable online colouring page for kids. Colour online using our colouring palette and download your coloured page by clicking save image.

How to colour this colouring page?

Have fun colouring our colouring pages, by following some simple instructions:

  • Go through our collection and choose an image you want to colour.
  • You can click on the “felpen” or “crayon” and use it to colour the image.
  • Click on any of the “size” and choose how big you want your stroke to be.
  • Click on the range of colours on the bottom left and go nuts!!
  • In case you don’t like what you did, you can always click the “eraser” and erase away all the strokes you don’t want. How cool is that?!?
  • Once you are done with your masterpiece, don’t forget to “Save Image” and show it off to all your friends!
  • Click on “Download Activity”, in case you want to take a print out of the activity itself.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Happy Republic Day flag

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Republic Day Colouring Page http://mocomi.com/republic-day-colouring-page/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-colouring-page/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:27:22 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=78199 Are you patriotic? Do you fly the flag on state occasions? Then you will enjoy colouring Pinky as she rejoices on Republic Day. Use bright colours for her outfit to make her stand out. Once you finish, you can show it to everyone and keep it for next year! Download these Free Colouring Pages HERE.

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Republic Day Colouring Page

Are you patriotic? Do you fly the flag on state occasions? Then you will enjoy colouring Pinky as she rejoices on Republic Day. Use bright colours for her outfit to make her stand out. Once you finish, you can show it to everyone and keep it for next year!

Download these Free Colouring Pages HERE.

Republic Day Colouring Page

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Republic Day glasses http://mocomi.com/republic-day-glasses/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-glasses/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 13:24:35 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=8505 How to make Republic Day glasses? Republic Day glasses – Learn how to make you own Republic Day glasses with the help of our step by step craft lesson for kids. Step by Step Instructions : Step 1: Print the stencil from the following page and cut out the shape of the mask. You can […]

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Republic Day glasses

How to make Republic Day glasses?

Republic Day glasses – Learn how to make you own Republic Day glasses with the help of our step by step craft lesson for kids.

Step by Step Instructions :

Step 1: Print the stencil from the following page and cut out the shape of the mask. You can paste this on a stronger material like cardboard for added strength.
Step 2: Cut thin strips of orange, white, and green paper and attach them in bunches on either side of the mask.
Step 3: Tape the stick behind the mask as shown below.

Materials Requirement

  • Chart sheet 1
  • Coloured Paper (orange, green, white) 1 each
  • India mask template 1
  • Scissors 1
  • Tape 1
  • Small stick 1
  • Cardboard 1

We have a huge collection of free and downloadable craft ideas for kids.

Republic Day glasses

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Can Penguins fly? http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/ http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 12:18:12 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86337 Have you ever seen a flying Penguin? The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research […]

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Can Penguins fly?

Have you ever seen a flying Penguin?

The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research has gone into answering this question.

And here’s what the research says,

The penguin is a bird species that is highly specialized for its native environment, which includes the coasts of Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, and the Galapagos Islands. There, being able to swim to catch fish is more useful than flying.

Firstly, do Penguins have Wings?

Yes and no. Penguins have wing-like flippers. These tapered, flattened flippers are covered with short, scale-like feathers. Typical wings are too flexible, and hence, ill-suited for swimming. Water being denser than air, penguin wings are shorter and stouter than the wings of flying birds.

Why do Penguins have Wings if they can’t Fly?

As mentioned before, penguin wings are actually flippers that are perfectly adapted for swimming. They are narrow and hard and help propel and steer penguins through the water. So it’s these “wings” that make penguins such expert swimmers.

Why can’t Penguins fly?

A Study of the Evolution of Penguins reveals more,
As penguins evolved, their wings adapted to becoming more efficient while swimming and diving (to catch their food). This meant that flying now required more and more energy. At some point, this trade-off meant that flying consumed too much energy. Hence, instead of sustaining flight, becoming flightless was by far a better option for penguins. This also means that penguins today have heavier bones, more suited to grounded birds.

Thus, the penguins that can dive as deep as 1,850 feet in search of fish, squid and tiny crustaceans called krill are awkward on land – waddling across the ice or sliding on their bellies.

Scientists have concluded that a wing that is good for flying cannot also be good for diving and swimming in other words, a bird that is a good swimmer cannot excel at flying.

Related Article

Here’s a fun video about 11 amazing Facts about Penguins.

Can Penguins fly?

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Why do we celebrate Republic Day? http://mocomi.com/why-do-we-celebrate-republic-day/ http://mocomi.com/why-do-we-celebrate-republic-day/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 12:06:57 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86145 Origin and History of Republic Day of India India had to fight really hard to drive the British out of the country. We managed to drive them out on 15th August 1947. Even though we became independent, we did not have a constitution of our own. A constitution has the basic rules and principles for […]

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Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Origin and History of Republic Day of India

India had to fight really hard to drive the British out of the country. We managed to drive them out on 15th August 1947. Even though we became independent, we did not have a constitution of our own.

A constitution has the basic rules and principles for running a nation. So, India had a government at the time of Independence, but it did not have a constitution.

Republic Day was first celebrated when India’s constitution came into existence- on 26th January, 1950. India became a republic on this day. Like in a democracy, in a republic too, the people elect representatives to run the government. However, this government can’t take away our rights, which are protected by the constitution. That’s the difference between a democracy and a republic.

During the period between 1947 and 1950, without the Constitution, India was headed by King George VI. But on the first Republic Day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad became our first President. It was also on this day in 1950, that the Declaration of Independence from the British rule was made.

Did you think that Republic day is celebrated only in India?

Here are some other nations that celebrate it :

  • Pakistan – our neighbor, Pakistan declared itself an Islamic Republic on 23rd March, 1956. They celebrate their Republic Day on this date every year.
  • Nepal – became a republic recently, in 2008.
  • Italy – Ruled by cruel monarchs for 85 years, Italy finally became a republic on June 2, 1946.
  • Turkey – Turkey was ruled by the Ottoman Empire but on October 29, 1923, Turkey became a Republic.
  • China – The People’s Republic of China was formed on 1st October 1949. Since then, China celebrates this day as the National Day of the People’s Republic of China.
Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

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Republic Day Dove http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove-2/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove-2/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 07:41:36 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9380 Republic Day Dove – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Dove pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through […]

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Republic Day Dove

Republic Day Dove – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Dove pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Dove

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Republic Day Flag http://mocomi.com/republic-day-flag/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 07:40:00 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9387 Republic Day Flag – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Flag pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through […]

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Republic Day Flag

Republic Day Flag – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Republic Day Flag pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Flag

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Republic Day Indian Flag http://mocomi.com/republic-day-indian-flag/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-indian-flag/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 06:40:22 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9339 Republic Day Indian Flag – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Indian Flag page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book. Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold […]

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Republic Day Indian Flag

Republic Day Indian Flag – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Indian Flag page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book.

Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle to get your page grabber ready to use.

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Indian Flag

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Republic Day Dove http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day-dove/#comments Sun, 15 Jan 2017 06:08:23 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=9311 Republic Day Dove – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Dove page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book. Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two […]

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Republic Day Dove

Republic Day Dove – Download, Cut & Print for Free, this cool Republic Day Dove page grabber which will help you in holding pages of your book.

Just download the page grabber using red download button and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page using the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle to get your page grabber ready to use.

Related links

  • To test your knowledge on the Indian flag click HERE
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Republic Day Dove

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Republic Day of India http://mocomi.com/republic-day/ http://mocomi.com/republic-day/#comments Sat, 14 Jan 2017 23:31:37 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=927 Commemorating the Indian Constitution- a pillar of Indian governance.

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Republic Day of India

When did India become a Republic?

Republic Day in India is celebrated on January 26 to commemorate the day on which the Constitution of India came into effect. The Indian Constitution was put into effect in the year 1950 in place of the Government of India Act. Even though India obtained independence from British rule in 1947, it took a special Drafting Committee headed by Babasahed Ambedkar, 166 sessions over the next 3 years to finalise the document and put it into effect.

The newly established Indian nation chose to adopt the constitution on January 26 because it is a symbol for the Indian Freedom Struggle. In 1930, well before Indian independence the Indian National Congress led by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared Purna Swaraj or complete independence. He did this by hoisting the Indian flag on the banks of the Ravi river (now in Pakistan).

Republic Day Celebrations in India

In Delhi, the seat of the Indian government, there is a grand parade to mark the importance of Republic Day. Before the parade begins the Prime Minister places a wreath at a memorial called Amar Jawan Jyoti, dedicated to the unknown soldiers that died fighting for India’s freedom. This act is followed by 2 minutes of silence in honour of these unnamed soldiers.

The Prime Minister then takes his place in the president’s box along with other Indian officials and foreign dignitaries to witness the parade. The ceremonies begin with a 21 gun salute once the flag is hoisted accompanied by the Indian National Anthem.

The Indian National Anthem

was written in a highly Sanskritized form of Bengali called Tatsama. It is taken from the Brahmo hymn composed by Guru Rabindranath Tagore and was first sung as in a session by the Indian National Congress in Calcutta in 1911. Jana Gana Mana was only officially adopted as the national anthem years later in 1950.

Click here to listen to it!

After the national anthem is played the President gives awards for bravery and varied acts of valour to men and women in the armed forces. This is finally followed by a parade of regiments from the armed forces and floats representing the various cultures of India. The parade ends with a fly-past by Indian Air Force jets.

Ceremonies are also held in all the state capitals and flag-hoisting ceremonies are organised by all schools that are compulsory for all children to attend.

Beating of the Retreat

The words beating and retreat in the same sentence sounds very un-republic day-like but actually has nothing to do with beating or retreating. The beating of the retreat which takes place on the 29th of January at Raisina Hill and the adjacent Vijay Chork in New Delhi marks the end of the Republic day celebrations. The chief guest to the event is always the President of India who arrives with a cavalry unit. The ceremony and fanfare involves dispalys by the bands of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. There is also a drummer’s solo, followed by a solemn ceremony where the Indian national flag is taken down to the hymn Abide With Me. The procession ends with a bugle call to retreat where all other flags are taken down and the bands march out to the tune of Sare Jahan Se Achcha.

The Indian Flag

Before the British Raj, India was ruled by different princely states which all had their own symbols to represent the kingdom. However after the rebellion of 1857, which resulted in the establishment of direct imperial rule in the colony of India, the first flag reflected the fact that India was very much under British rule. It was a regular Union Jack defaced in the center with the Star of India with the image of the Tudor crown above it.

There were many variations of a flag that represented the Indian people put forth by various factions of the Indian freedom struggle. By the time of the Non-cooperation movement of the early 1920’s a full-fledged campaign had taken shape surrounding the right of Indians to hoist their own flag thereby challenging British rule and the laws that prohibited flying nationalist flags. This was a tricolour with the charkha or spinning wheel at its center.

The rendering of the Indian flag as we see it today was a modified version of the the earlier tricolour. The charkha in the center was replaced with the Chakra to borrow from the idea of law and dharma that it represents on the Lion capital of Ashoka. The chakra has 24 spokes to represent the 24 hours of progress within the day; the saffron colour represents courage and sacrifice; white – truth and purity; green – peace and prosperity.

There are rules that govern how and for what an Indian flag can be used for. Here are some of them:

  • There is currently only one licensed flag production and supply unit in India that follow the strict guidelines of producing an Indian flag. An Indian flag must be made of khadi cloth of silk or cotton and each roll of cloth that eventually turns into a flag is sent to a lab to be tested for quality.
  • The flag must never touch the ground or water, or be used as a drapery in any form.
  • The flag may not be placed intentionally upside down, dipped in anything or hold any objects other than flower petals before unfurling. When the flag is flown horizontally it must also be flipped 90 degrees so that it reads left to right, like a book.
  • The original flag code restricted private citizens to flying the flag only on national holidays such as Republic day and Independence day. In 2001 Naveen Jindal flew an Indian flag outside his office building, which was promptly foniscated and he was warned of prosecution. Mr. Jindal filed suit in the High Court of Delhi seeking to strike down the restriction on the use of the flag by private citizens, arguing that it was his right as a citizen of India to hoist his national colours.
  • No complete representation of the flag can appear below the waist on clothing, or on undergarments.
  • Damaged flags must be disposed of in private by burning or any other method consistent with the dignity of the flag.

Project

Did you know that there are many monuments dedicated to soldiers who died in battle. Can you find such monuments around the world?

Republic Day of India

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Snowflake http://mocomi.com/snowflake/ http://mocomi.com/snowflake/#comments Thu, 12 Jan 2017 13:12:03 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86261 Holy Moly, Where am I? What’s small, pretty and cold as ice? A Snowflake! A flake of snow is essentially a feathery ice crystal. All snowflakes only have six sides. How do Snowflakes form? A snowflake begins to form when an extremely cold water droplet freezes onto a pollen or dust particle in the sky. […]

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Snowflake

Holy Moly,

Where am I?

What’s small, pretty and cold as ice?

A Snowflake!

A flake of snow is essentially a feathery ice crystal. All snowflakes only have six sides.

How do Snowflakes form?

A snowflake begins to form when an extremely cold water droplet freezes onto a pollen or dust particle in the sky. This creates an ice crystal. Ice crystals form in mostly cold places where its snows a lot. Snowflakes are so delicate that when we touch a snow flake with our bare hands it starts to melt right away.

Can you imagine the number of snowflakes that need to stick together to even make a snowball? Before I crash into the snowman, I should get out of here!

Snowflake

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Indian Army Day http://mocomi.com/indian-army-day/ http://mocomi.com/indian-army-day/#comments Thu, 12 Jan 2017 11:29:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93906 We are safe in our homes because there are men protecting us, guarding the borders of our nation and keeping the enemies away- yes, they are the Indian Army men. They are courageous men in olive green who have made the nation proud and filled our heart with pride and gratitude. When was Indian Army […]

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Indian Army Day

We are safe in our homes because there are men protecting us, guarding the borders of our nation and keeping the enemies away- yes, they are the Indian Army men.

They are courageous men in olive green who have made the nation proud and filled our heart with pride and gratitude.

When was Indian Army formed?

The Indian Army was formed in 1776 under the British Government. It originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British India Army. It was only in 1949 when Lt. General Cariappa (later Field Marshal) took over as the Commander-in- chief from the British Government that the Indian Army was formed and Army Day was celebrated.

On this day parades and military shows take place in the National Capital- New Delhi. This special day also marks a day to salute all valiant, heroic soldiers who sacrificed their lives for our nation and the people of this country.

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Indian Army Day

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Iktsuarpok http://mocomi.com/iktsuarpok/ http://mocomi.com/iktsuarpok/#comments Wed, 11 Jan 2017 08:58:02 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93886 What does “Iktsuarpok” mean? You know that feeling when you’re waiting for someone to arrive and you feel so impatient that you keep checking the door to see if they’re here yet? Sometimes it’s a friend, and sometimes it’s something you’ve ordered and you just can’t wait for it to be delivered! Well there’s a […]

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Iktsuarpok

What does “Iktsuarpok” mean?

You know that feeling when you’re waiting for someone to arrive and you feel so impatient that you keep checking the door to see if they’re here yet? Sometimes it’s a friend, and sometimes it’s something you’ve ordered and you just can’t wait for it to be delivered! Well there’s a useful word for this in the Inuit dictionary. It’s Itskuarpok (pronounced eek-soow-uhr-pohk), and it’s just perfect to describe that heady impatient feeling of waiting for something to arrive!

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Iktsuarpok

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Test Single Page http://mocomi.com/test-single-page/ http://mocomi.com/test-single-page/#comments Mon, 09 Jan 2017 07:12:54 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93864 Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Summum ením bonum exposuit vacuitatem doloris; Ex ea difficultate illae fallaciloquae, ut ait Accius, malitiae natae sunt. Contemnit enim disserendi elegantiam, confuse loquitur. Duo Reges: constructio interrete. Sine ea igitur iucunde negat posse se vivere? Ut id aliis narrare gestiant? Hoc non est positum in nostra actione. […]

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Test Single Page

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Summum ením bonum exposuit vacuitatem doloris; Ex ea difficultate illae fallaciloquae, ut ait Accius, malitiae natae sunt. Contemnit enim disserendi elegantiam, confuse loquitur. Duo Reges: constructio interrete. Sine ea igitur iucunde negat posse se vivere? Ut id aliis narrare gestiant? Hoc non est positum in nostra actione. Certe non potest. Vos autem cum perspicuis dubia debeatis illustrare, dubiis perspicua conamini tollere. Hoc etsi multimodis reprehendi potest, tamen accipio, quod dant.

Haec quo modo conveniant, non sane intellego. At ego quem huic anteponam non audeo dicere; Qui igitur convenit ab alia voluptate dicere naturam proficisci, in alia summum bonum ponere? Quae diligentissime contra Aristonem dicuntur a Chryippo. Multoque hoc melius nos veriusque quam Stoici. Quare conare, quaeso.

Ergo opifex plus sibi proponet ad formarum quam civis excellens ad factorum pulchritudinem? Tria genera cupiditatum, naturales et necessariae, naturales et non necessariae, nec naturales nec necessariae. Aeque enim contingit omnibus fidibus, ut incontentae sint. Ut in voluptate sit, qui epuletur, in dolore, qui torqueatur. Atque haec coniunctio confusioque virtutum tamen a philosophis ratione quadam distinguitur. Suo genere perveniant ad extremum; Illa argumenta propria videamus, cur omnia sint paria peccata. Si enim ad populum me vocas, eum. Teneo, inquit, finem illi videri nihil dolere.

Vide, ne etiam menses! nisi forte eum dicis, qui, simul atque arripuit, interficit. Negare non possum.

Primum cur ista res digna odio est, nisi quod est turpis? Atqui reperies, inquit, in hoc quidem pertinacem; Quam ob rem tandem, inquit, non satisfacit? Ergo ita: non posse honeste vivi, nisi honeste vivatur? Non autem hoc: igitur ne illud quidem. Sed ad bona praeterita redeamus. Obsecro, inquit, Torquate, haec dicit Epicurus?

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Why can’t we feel the earth spinning? http://mocomi.com/why-cant-we-feel-the-earth-spinning/ http://mocomi.com/why-cant-we-feel-the-earth-spinning/#comments Fri, 06 Jan 2017 08:39:36 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93842 Why we don’t feel earth’s rotation? Every 23 hours and 56 minutes our planet earth completes a full turn around its axis. It spins at a constant rate. The atmosphere, along with the earth and everything else on the planet is moving at the same speed. But still we cannot feel the spinning movement of […]

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Why can’t we feel the earth spinning?

Why we don’t feel earth’s rotation?

Every 23 hours and 56 minutes our planet earth completes a full turn around its axis. It spins at a constant rate. The atmosphere, along with the earth and everything else on the planet is moving at the same speed. But still we cannot feel the spinning movement of the earth.

What is Earth’s Axis?

An axis is an invisible straight line that runs through an object from one end to the other. The earth and all other planets and satellites in the universe have an invisible axis. The earth rotates on its axis and completes one day. The next day it starts a whole new spin. The earth travels at a constant speed. It doesn’t slow down or accelerate all of a sudden. If the earth would suddenly increase speed or put on brakes we would definitely feel that movement!

It’s like moving in a car. If you are sitting in a car riding through a highway, you do not feel the movement. Of course you feel it when you see outside your window and see things moving away. But you feel the movement only when the car slows down or puts sudden breaks.

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Luftmensch http://mocomi.com/luftmensch/ http://mocomi.com/luftmensch/#comments Wed, 04 Jan 2017 06:42:19 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93806 What does “Luftmensch” mean? Some people just have their heads in clouds. They seem to be free from the worries of life, often seeking and finding solace in their own little worlds. They wander off into their own dreams, and sometimes end up being completely impractical! There’s a Yiddish word for people such as these, […]

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Luftmensch

What does “Luftmensch” mean?

Some people just have their heads in clouds. They seem to be free from the worries of life, often seeking and finding solace in their own little worlds. They wander off into their own dreams, and sometimes end up being completely impractical! There’s a Yiddish word for people such as these, and it’s Luftmensch, pronounced [loohft-men-t-sh]. It literally translates to air person, and refers to people who have a tendency to be dreamers, and who end up in impractical situations due to this habit. Do you know any Luftmensch around you?

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Makar Sankranti Celebration in India http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-celebration/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-celebration/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 13:30:21 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86908 Tilgul Ghya Aani God God Bola “Til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bola” –meaning, take this sweet and say sweet things. I’m back in India at the right time it seems! Sweet tooth that I am, I’m happy to be here in India to celebrate Makar Sankranti. Also called Uttarayan (or the day on which the sun […]

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Makar Sankranti Celebration in India

Tilgul Ghya Aani God God Bola

“Til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bola” –meaning, take this sweet and say sweet things. I’m back in India at the right time it seems! Sweet tooth that I am, I’m happy to be here in India to celebrate Makar Sankranti. Also called Uttarayan (or the day on which the sun begins its northward journey), it’s a festival celebrated on January 14, every year. All other Indian festivals are celebrated as per the lunar calendar, which make their days of celebration on the solar calendar vary every year. It is the only Indian festival celebrated on a fixed calendric day of the solar calendar.

Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra

Makar Sankranti is known by different names and celebrated with different customs in different parts of the country, and marks the arrival of spring in India. I’m in Maharashtra right now, where the custom is to wear black, and exchange sweets known as ‘til-gul’. Another interesting tradition they have in multiple parts of the country is to fly colourful kites. Quite a group activity it is! Kids and adults alike fly brightly coloured kites. There are even kite flying competitions! So much fun isn’t it?

Asking around, I found out that in India, during this festivals, farmers typically plan their future crop cycles along with celebrating the current harvest. And the best part about this is that the farm animals are also a part of the meeting! That’s kind of sweet isn’t it?

The one thing I love about traveling all over the world is that I always stumble upon such fascinating and fun customs and traditions! And the oh-so-delicious food, that is always a given with the festivities. And trips to India are always accompanied by lip-smacking food!

Related Article:

Read all about Makar Sankranti, the festival of kites, visit: http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/

Makar Sankranti Celebration in India

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Kite http://mocomi.com/kite/ http://mocomi.com/kite/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 11:21:58 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=20837 Kite – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Kite pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download! Instructions Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and […]

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Kite

Kite – Make your boring old pencils and pens more exciting by adding cool Kite pencil toppers to it. All pencil toppers and free to download!

Instructions

Just download the pencil topper using red download button on the top and take print out using your printer. Then cut the page through the dotted line and fold the two sides at the middle and stick it using glue or cello tape to get your pencil topper ready to use.

More Pencil Toppers for Kids…

For more such cool pencil toppers, visit: http://mocomi.com/fun/arts-crafts/printables/pencil-toppers/

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Makar Sankranti – Festival Facts http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti-festival/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 09:56:23 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=84104 Makar Sankranti is when the sun starts its journey north bound; increasing sun light time on Earth. It is the starting of warmer days on Earth. Makar Sankranti or the Festival of Nature falls on the 14th of January. The Festival of Kites Colorful and creative kites decorate the sky as they are flown high […]

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Makar Sankranti - Festival Facts

Makar Sankranti is when the sun starts its journey north bound; increasing sun light time on Earth. It is the starting of warmer days on Earth. Makar Sankranti or the Festival of Nature falls on the 14th of January.

The Festival of Kites

Colorful and creative kites decorate the sky as they are flown high in the sky by children. The free flowing kites symbolize the freedom from diseases like cold, caused by winter, from the body. After a heavy lunch, which consist of dahi chuda, red pumpkin curry, and a sweet made from jaggery, sesame seeds and rice (showing unity); people join together to fly kites. When they cut someone else’s kite, they exclaim phirko vet phirko.

How is Makar Sankranti celebrated in different states of India?

Men and women are seen offering sweets to the man and his colorfully dressed cow while he sings songs in praise of Lord Vishnu. History says this festival sends a message from the Sun God to all children to reach out and enjoy daylight and goodwill. People in Bengal dip their bodies in the Ganges to purify themselves. In Kerala it is said that if the milk spills over than pan, then it means that nature will offer plenty of goods. This festival also marks the beginning of the harvest season in Punjab.

Playing tekeli bhonga (pot breaking), or stealing firewood for amusement, or drumming the dhol, or dancing the naati dance (Himachal Pradesh folk dance), or making a muggulu (colorful rangoli with colored rice) or just decorating the cattle and parading it around; there are plenty of games to play on this day.

People donate their old clothes. Some people burn their old furniture etc. Young children get gifts from their elders. Hugs are exchanged all around.

Now take a piece of paper. Draw a kite. Paint it, color it, and stick pieces of paper on it with some glitters. Attach a string to it and let it fly on Makar Sankranti this year.

More Festival details

Makar Sankranti - Festival Facts

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How to Make a Kite http://mocomi.com/how-to-make-a-kite/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-make-a-kite/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 07:00:54 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=81715 Easy Paper Kite for Kids What You Need 8.5 inches x 11 inches thick piece of paper A wooden skewer/straight drinking straw Kite string/ light strong string Wide ribbon Scissors Tape 15 Steps to make a Kite Fold the paper in half Mark a point on the paper’s top, about an inch from the fold. […]

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How to Make a Kite

Easy Paper Kite for Kids

What You Need

  • 8.5 inches x 11 inches thick piece of paper
  • A wooden skewer/straight drinking straw
  • Kite string/ light strong string
  • Wide ribbon
  • Scissors
  • Tape

15 Steps to make a Kite

  1. Fold the paper in half
  2. Mark a point on the paper’s top, about an inch from the fold.
  3. Similarly, mark a point on the bottom of the paper, an inch from the open side.
  4. Draw a dotted line connecting these points.
  5. Fold the paper’s top corner along the line that you drew.
  6. Then, turn the paper and fold the other side down, in the same way as the side you just folded.
  7. Again, turn the paper so that it looks like it did in Step 5.
  8. Put pieces of tape on the middle crease.
  9. Put a skewer across the kite, as shown. Tape that too.
  10. Turn the kite. Straighten its ‘spine.’
  11. Mark a spot one third of the way down the spine, half an inch from the edge. Put tape over it, on both sides.
  12. With your scissors, make a hole in this spot.
  13. Tie your kite string through this hole with a strong knot.
  14. Tape an end of the ribbon at the bottom of the back of the kite.
  15. Keep the ribbon tail of the kite between six to ten feet. If it feels the kite can’t hold the ribbon’s weight, cut it shorter.

Have fun flying your kite! A light breeze will be perfect, it might not do well if it’s very windy.

To know how to fly a kite visit http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/

How to Make a Kite

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Makar Sankranti http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti/ http://mocomi.com/makar-sankranti/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 04:30:17 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=925 Taking the meaning of 'go fly a kite' to new heights

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Makar Sankranti

What is Makar Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti or just Sankranti is celebrated in India by various groups of people for different reasons. In astrology it is day on which the sun moves into the house of Capricorn. The name of the festival comes from combination of the Hindi word for Capricorn- Makar and the word for the movement of earth from one zodiac in the sky to another- sankranti. The day is supposed to mark the winter solstice but since calculations for the lunar calendar are not made using the tropical (standard) time scheme it falls on the 14th of January, 21 days after the actual winter solstice.

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?

There are many beliefs and much folk-lore behind the celebrations of this day. One is that on this day Vishnu ended the war between the Devas and Asuras which had been going on for millenia. So for some this marks the end of negativity and a start of the era of righteous living.

Another belief is that Bhishma, who was granted a boon by his father that he would die only when he willed it, decided to be released from his mortal form. Hence it is auspicious for people to begin physical and spiritual journeys on this day.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated by different names and customs in different parts of India. It is essentially a harvest festival celebrated with great fanfare. There are melas or fairs held in many regions but one of the traditions in particular is flying kites. People of all ages take to rooftops to fly kites in an act to get closer to God.

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Kites come in various shapes and sizes and can be made of different types of materials. The most common type of kite is the diamond shaped kite that is light-weight and easy to fly. Have you ever flown a kite? Try it!

More Facts
Click here to know a few amazing facts about the Festival of Kites.

Makar Sankranti

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Kite Flying http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/ http://mocomi.com/kite-flying/#comments Mon, 02 Jan 2017 04:12:20 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=activity&p=11843 How high can your kite go?

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Kite Flying

How to Fly a Kite?

Kite flying is a lot of fun, especially on a windy day. Selecting an open field is the best place to fly a kite.

To fly a kite you need a friend to be with you to help get the kite up in the air. By holding the ball of the string, ask your friend to hold the kite or vice-versa. Unwind anywhere between 20-30 metres of string, depending upon how strong the wind is blowing.

When you think the conditions are ideal, signal to your friend to release the kite and when this is done, pull on the string to launch the kite into the air. Pay close attention to where the wind is blowing.

If you want your kite to go even higher, release some more string. To lower the kite, simply pull back on the string.

More Information :
Here’s a fun craft activity lesson on how to make a kite.

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International Folk Tales: How the Dragon Came to be http://mocomi.com/international-folk-tales-how-the-dragon-came-to-be/ http://mocomi.com/international-folk-tales-how-the-dragon-came-to-be/#comments Wed, 28 Dec 2016 11:52:42 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=wordsmith&p=46319 For more interesting Indian Folk Tales for kids, go to : Indian Folk Tales For other interesting stories for kids, browse though our huge collection of short stories here : Stories for Kids

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International Folk Tales: How the Dragon Came to be


In a small village of China, lived a boy named Chi Yu with his mother. They lived in a tiny house surrounded by lovely green meadows covered with fresh, green grass.

Every morning Chi Yu would go out in the meadows, cut the green grass ......


In a small village of China, lived a boy named Chi Yu with his mother. They lived in a tiny house surrounded by lovely green meadows covered with fresh, green grass.

Every morning Chi Yu would go out in the meadows, cut the green grass and put it in a basket. He would then take it to the farmer Hieun Tse, who fed his cows with it. In return, Chi Yu got a jar of rice from the farmer.

Suddenly, there were no rains in the region for two years in a row. All the green grass of the meadow turned brown and dry. Chi Yu looked everywhere for some green grass for the farmer’s cow, but couldn’t find a single blade of grass anywhere.

One day while searching for grass, he noticed a patch of fresh green grass in the field behind the tall hills. He immediately cut the green grass and took it to the farmer. Every day he would come there and cut the grass and it would grow back the next morning.

A few days later, while slashing the grass he noticed a small shiny golden bead in the grass. Fascinated by its beauty, he took it home and hid it in an empty rice jar.

Next day, he was surprised to see that the empty jar of rice was now filled to the top! Every time Chi Yu emptied the jar, it would fill up again.

Chi Yu understood that the bead was the reason behind this miracle. He was very kind so he shared the rice with the entire village.

All the people in the village were happy except for the farmer.

His cows were starving without the grass and he wanted the golden bead for himself.

He offered Chi Yu all his money, farm and house in exchange for the bead. But, Chi Yu did not agree.

Hieun Tse, then, decided to steal the bead of gold. One night, while Chi Yu was sleeping, the farmer quietly entered his house and was about to steal the jar when Chi Yu woke up at the sound. Chi Yu rushed to the jar and swallowed the bead immediately.

Chi Yu still did not feel better; he became hotter and hotter and started breathing fire. Yellow and orange flames came out of his mouth.

Chi Yu did not realize that it was an extremely unwise thing to do. The bead started burning inside him and he felt extremely thirsty. He drank up all the water in the house. He then drank up all the water from all the houses of the village. He then drank up all the water from the pond. He emptied the lakes and swallowed the entire river.

Gradually, he changed into a creature that breathed fire. Unfortunately, he could no longer live in the village and had to go far far away.

For more interesting Indian Folk Tales for kids, go to : Indian Folk Tales

For other interesting stories for kids, browse though our huge collection of short stories here : Stories for Kids

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How to Draw a Cake http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-cake/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-cake/#comments Wed, 28 Dec 2016 10:18:11 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93723 There is no party without a cake! In next 2 minutes you can draw your own from this step-by-step video. 4 Steps to draw a Cake Draw two small ellipses. Connect them by drawing straight line on right and left side of the ellipses. Draw two medium ellipses below the small ones. And two big ellipses at the […]

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How to Draw a Cake

There is no party without a cake! In next 2 minutes you can draw your own from this step-by-step video.

4 Steps to draw a Cake

  1. Draw two small ellipses. Connect them by drawing straight line on right and left side of the ellipses.
  2. Draw two medium ellipses below the small ones. And two big ellipses at the bottom.
  3. Draw curvy lines on each pair of ellipses like you would decorate a cake.
  4. Now fill the colours and make merry!

For more such cool How To Draw videos go to : Drawing for Kids

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Evolution of Language http://mocomi.com/evolution-of-language/ http://mocomi.com/evolution-of-language/#comments Tue, 27 Dec 2016 13:18:08 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93697 Where did language come from? Language developed as the human species evolved. Development of language sets us apart from our closest relatives, the chimpanzees. No other natural communication system is like human language. Human language can express thoughts, convey information, ask questions and give orders. In contrast, animal can only communicate immediate issues such as […]

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Evolution of Language

Where did language come from?

Language developed as the human species evolved. Development of language sets us apart from our closest relatives, the chimpanzees.

No other natural communication system is like human language.

Human language can express thoughts, convey information, ask questions and give orders.

In contrast, animal can only communicate immediate issues such as food, danger, threat, or reconciliation.

How did language evolve?

Did a bunch of cavemen hold a conference and decide to make up language?

Obviously not.

One theory is that hominids (our human ancestors) started by grunting, hooting and crying out, and this gradually developed into the language we use today.

But apes could grunt and hoot as well. Why did their grunting not evolve into a ‘language’?

Because 6 million years ago the hominid and chimpanzee lines diverged.

The size of the hominid brain increased and developed over time, while chimpanzee brain remained the same.

Another theory is that language began as sign language and then switched to the vocal modality.

Did languages develop simultaneously all over the world?

Some have argued that language evolved independently in different parts of the world.

While a recent study shows that all languages in the world evolved from one prehistoric language first spoken in Africa tens of thousands of years ago.

And it spread across the world with the migration of our ancestors when they left Africa 70,000 years ago.

Do languages stay the same over the generations?

Languages change as they are handed down from generation to generation due to change in culture and influence of other languages. That is why the English spoken in the Elizabethan Era is way different from the English we speak today.

The subject of language and its evolution is still undergoing lively investigation among linguists, psychologists, and biologists.

Note – Read more about the history of Sanskrit, Latin and Greek language.

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Resolution? What Resolution?! http://mocomi.com/new-year-resolution/ http://mocomi.com/new-year-resolution/#comments Tue, 27 Dec 2016 07:35:57 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86688 Keeping a new year resolution is a common western tradition. But it has now caught the attention of everyone worldwide. More of a fashion statement now, here are some interesting facts about new year’s resolution : Fun Facts about New Year’s Resolutions Almost 4000 years ago it was the Babylonians who promised their Gods that […]

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Resolution? What Resolution?!

Keeping a new year resolution is a common western tradition. But it has now caught the attention of everyone worldwide. More of a fashion statement now, here are some interesting facts about new year’s resolution :

Fun Facts about New Year’s Resolutions

  • Almost 4000 years ago it was the Babylonians who promised their Gods that they will pay their debts at the beginning of every year.
  • Then the Romans also began each year by making promises to their Gods. Thus started the resolution parade.
  • Studies show that only 8% of people actually achieve their resolutions.
  • Almost 30 percent of people never make new years resolutions because they know they won’t be able to keep it.
  • But people who make new year’s resolution are ten times more likely to achieve their goals than the ones who don’t.

Click here and get more New Year’s Resolution Ideas for Kids.

Resolution? What Resolution?!

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New Year’s Eve in Copacabana http://mocomi.com/copacabana/ http://mocomi.com/copacabana/#comments Mon, 26 Dec 2016 07:29:02 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86726 Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro Hollaa amigos! Can you guess where I am? I’m at Rio de Janerio to start my new year with a big bang! Music and passion are always in fashion at the Copa..Copa Cabaaannaa..! Have you heard the song? After Carnaval, this is the biggest party of the year at […]

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New Year's Eve in Copacabana

Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro

Hollaa amigos! Can you guess where I am? I’m at Rio de Janerio to start my new year with a big bang! Music and passion are always in fashion at the Copa..Copa Cabaaannaa..! Have you heard the song? After Carnaval, this is the biggest party of the year at Copacabana in Rio! So exciting!

And it’s also very interesting. On December 31st, in the daytime, flowers and candles are sent out onto the ocean as offerings to honor ‘Iemanja’, the Afro-Brazilian sea goddess of fertility and motherhood. Around 7pm, along the Copacabana beach, New Years’ Eve officially kick-starts, with live shows by artists, bands and DJs alike.

Come midnight, the New Year is welcomed with a 20 minute display of spectacular fireworks. From then on, it’s the start of an all-night party. I’m here with over a million people, and all of us strangers are happily sharing champagne and celebrating the arrival of the New Year together. These brilliant festivities, and food and accommodation are all organized by the major beach hotels at Rio de Janerio.

You may be wondering if there’s a dress code. Well, everyone wears white here. And a smile. They tell me white signifies good luck and romance, and I want both in my life so I’m going to follow suit. Boy am I glad I got here well ahead of time – most roads are blocked past afternoon, even though the authorities have organized transportation very well. The Metro has a special schedule, with pre-booked tickets, and urban bus rides are free!

I am so happy ad grateful to be celebrating at this amazing party!! Happy New Year to you!!

Related Article:

New Year Celebrations Around the World, visit: http://mocomi.com/new-year-celebrations-around-the-world/

New Year's Eve in Copacabana

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Pelinti http://mocomi.com/pelinti/ http://mocomi.com/pelinti/#comments Mon, 26 Dec 2016 07:11:07 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93694 What does “Pelinti” mean? Do you know that moment when you’ve just put something delicious in your mouth and you realize that it’s so hot that you can only taste its temperature? And if you can’t spit it out, what do you do? Just kind of awkwardly move it around in your mouth, leaving your […]

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Pelinti

What does “Pelinti” mean?

Do you know that moment when you’ve just put something delicious in your mouth and you realize that it’s so hot that you can only taste its temperature? And if you can’t spit it out, what do you do? Just kind of awkwardly move it around in your mouth, leaving your mouth slightly open for the heat to escape. The Ghanians have a word for this, and it’s Pelinti (pronounced Pah-lin-tee), and it literally means “to move hot food in your mouth”. Has this ever happened to you?

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New Year Party http://mocomi.com/new-year-party/ http://mocomi.com/new-year-party/#comments Sat, 24 Dec 2016 13:22:06 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=72457 New Year Party for Kids Here are some New Year party ideas so that you can ring in the New Year in a fun way. New Year party themes New Year’s Eve parties are perfect occasions for slumber parties. You and your friends can wear pajamas. No need to wear fancy New Year dresses! Set […]

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New Year Party

New Year Party for Kids

Here are some New Year party ideas so that you can ring in the New Year in a fun way.

New Year party themes

  • New Year’s Eve parties are perfect occasions for slumber parties. You and your friends can wear pajamas. No need to wear fancy New Year dresses! Set up tents for your friends to play in. Let your friends bring their stuffed animals and pillows.
  • How about a carnival themed party with everyone dressed up in silly clothes with pirate hats ?

New Year party decorations

  • Using paper, cardboard, feathers and glitter create individual party hats.
  • Take a trash bag and fill it up with balloons. Get your guests to write their wishes on chits of paper. Add these, confetti and sweets to the bag. At 12 AM, drop the bag from the ceiling.
  • Give your guests a plethora of empty pans and pots to bang at 12 AM.
  • Place alarms on cell phones and every clock in the house, so that they all ring at 12 AM.
  • Give each guest an empty tin can and let them store something in that time capsule. Decorate it and let your friend hide it somewhere. It is meant to be opened years later.
  • Fill the house with glow sticks.

New Year party games

  • What to do on New Year’s Eve, you ask? Here are some things to do on New Year’s Eve.
  • Do a karaoke night with everyone singing and dancing.
  • Let each guest make their own game and place it inside a goody bag. Whoever picks a bag has to make everyone play that game.
  • Have a scavenger hunt where your friends write their own special memories of the year gone by, on chits. Hide them inside small boxes and place them around the house.

New Year party food

  • Popcorn is always a favorite.
  • Greeks would bake a cake with a lucky coin inside it. You could try doing that too!
  • Let your friends decorate and bake their own pizzas.
  • Hope these New Year’s Eve party ideas help you have a gala time!

For more interesting Party Ideas and Themes for kids, go to http://mocomi.com/fun/party-ideas-themes/

New Year Party

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Why does the New Year Start on January 1st? http://mocomi.com/why-does-the-new-year-start-on-january-1st/ http://mocomi.com/why-does-the-new-year-start-on-january-1st/#comments Sat, 24 Dec 2016 12:06:18 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=85388 The history of New Year’s Day celebration In the ancient times, people from all over the world had their own calendars. So, different countries celebrated the New Year on different dates. Where did New Year celebrations start? Celebration of the New Year started in ancient Babylon, (part of Iraq today) some 4000 years ago. The Babylonians […]

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Why does the New Year Start on January 1st?

The history of New Year’s Day celebration

In the ancient times, people from all over the world had their own calendars. So, different countries celebrated the New Year on different dates.

Where did New Year celebrations start?

  • Celebration of the New Year started in ancient Babylon, (part of Iraq today) some 4000 years ago.
  • The Babylonians did not have a written calendar of their own. Still, they celebrated the New Year on March 23rd.
  • The month of March was considered a good month for New Year celebrations because it was when spring began and new crops were planted.

When did the New Year shift to January 1st?

The Romans celebrated their New Year on March 25 Different emperors kept adding and subtracting days to match the seasons.

In 46 B.C., came Julius Caesar, the Roman General, who synchronised the calendar with the earth’s revolution around the sun, so there were 365 and a quarter days in a year.

He established January 1 as New Year’s Day. To do so, he had to let that year go on for 445 days!

This calendar was named after Julius Caesar, so it was called the Julian calendar.

The Julian calendar had an error of 1 day in 128 years.

By the 15th century, it was a week behind the solar calendar. So, in 1582, Pope Gregory VII, Head of the Catholic Church, shifted the Julian calendar a week ahead and named it after himself.

To avoid future errors, the Gregorian calendar only counts century years as leap years if they are divisible by 400.

The Protestant church opposed the Gregorian calendar at first.

As time passed, countries around the world began using it. Now, the New Year is celebrated on January 1 around the world.

Related Article:

Why does the New Year Start on January 1st?

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New Year Celebrations Around the World http://mocomi.com/new-year-celebrations-around-the-world/ http://mocomi.com/new-year-celebrations-around-the-world/#comments Sat, 24 Dec 2016 05:07:20 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=72500 Did you know that Auckland, New Zealand, is the first city to celebrate the New Year and Honolulu, Hawaii is the last to celebrate it? Around the world, New Year festivities begin on 31st December, New Year’s Eve. As the clock strikes midnight, everyone bids adieu to the old year and greet each other a […]

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New Year Celebrations Around the World

Did you know that Auckland, New Zealand, is the first city to celebrate the New Year and Honolulu, Hawaii is the last to celebrate it? Around the world, New Year festivities begin on 31st December, New Year’s Eve. As the clock strikes midnight, everyone bids adieu to the old year and greet each other a ‘Happy New year’. The same date but different festivities in various countries make the New Year the most celebrated holiday. Let’s take a look at the different festivities followed by people around the world:

1. Spain

Spanish people believe that eating twelve grapes, at midnight of the New Year, brings good luck. Thus, at every stroke of the clock, at midnight on New Year, they pop in a grape.

2. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Copacabana beach is famous for hosting the largest New Year celebrations worldwide! Millions of people from around the world come here to attend the huge party. Traditionally, the local Rio public honors the beach by throwing white flowers into the sea. People also dress up in white as a good luck charm. Fireworks start on New Year’s Eve and continue till the next day.

3. United States

Times Square in New York is a famous place where everyone gathers on New Year’s eve. The tradition is to drop the huge New Year’s eve ball from the Times Square flag pole when it is just 1 minute to midnight. When the ball drops, it releases thousands of confetti, messages on colored paper. These messages have been left by the local public days before the New Year celebrations.

People from Southern United States believe in eating black eyed peas and turnip greens on New Year. The peas represent coins and the turnip greens represent dollars. They believe that by doing this, the New Year will bring them good money.

4. Sydney, Australia

The world’s largest firework show on New Year’s is held here. Though the show lasts only for 12 minutes, starting at the stroke of midnight, the beautiful extravaganza attracts people to be a part of this celebration from all over the world.

5. Philippines

People here want the new year to bring in more money and prosperity. Thus, they dress up in polka dotted clothes and gather in streets and localities, throwing coins at midnight or by keeping coins in pots and shaking them in their own homes.

6. Greece

For the Greeks January 1st is also Saint Basil’s Day, one of their forefathers. It is the day for gift giving, telling stories and leaving presents at midnight in children’s shoes. Every Greek family bakes a cake on this day which has a silver or gold coin hidden inside. The cake slices are passed to everyone and whoever gets the coin is believed to have a lucky year ahead.

7. Japan

People in Japan, in the evening of December 31st, eat a bowl of a special type of noodles called ‘toshikoshisoba.’ While eating they listen to the sound of Buddhist temple bells which are rung 108 times at the midnight hour of New year and is supposed to remove all evils and sins.

To read more interesting festivals for kids, click HERE

New Year Celebrations Around the World

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New Year’s Day http://mocomi.com/new-years-day/ http://mocomi.com/new-years-day/#comments Fri, 23 Dec 2016 23:29:13 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?post_type=zone&p=918 A global celebration of new beginnings and firm resolutions.

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New Year's Day

History and Customs

January 1st is the beginning of the new year according to the Gregorian calendar. The majority of countries across the globe follow this calendar and since in most of them it is a holiday; New Year’s Day can be considered the only global public holiday.

The month of January is named after Janus, the god of gates and doors who had 2 faces- one looking back and the other looking forward. This suggests that this festival is rooted in pagan traditions. Other lunar and solar calendars have it so the new year begins on different days of the Gregorian calendar. Even in Europe the new year was celebrated during the spring equinox or the feast of the Annunciation of Jesus for many years before they adopted the new standardised calendar. However, it has come to be that people around the world accept January 1 as the beginning of the new year.

The new year is symbolic of change and new beginnings which is why many people make personal resolutions on this day. Many people stay up till midnight of December 31 to count down to the new year and hold gatherings of friends and family to celebrate with them.

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Have you ever made a personal resolution? You don’t have to wait till the 1st of January to do so. Make one today. Choose something that you would like to change about yourself and stick to your decision. There! You’ve made a resolution!

To read more interesting festivals for kids, click HERE

New Year's Day

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Santa Claus Gift Bag http://mocomi.com/santa-claus-gift-bag/ http://mocomi.com/santa-claus-gift-bag/#comments Thu, 22 Dec 2016 13:41:41 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86663 Ouch… my head bumped! What’s this? A Candy bar! A teddy bear with a big bow, a little dolly and so many presents! Ho! Ho! Ho! Hmmm…is it Christmas already? Oh my! I am inside Santa’s Gift Sack! Santa Claus is secretly giving away gifts to little children who have been good. He makes a […]

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Santa Claus Gift Bag

Ouch… my head bumped!

What’s this? A Candy bar! A teddy bear with a big bow, a little dolly and so many presents!

Ho! Ho! Ho! Hmmm…is it Christmas already? Oh my!

I am inside Santa’s Gift Sack!

Santa Claus is secretly giving away gifts to little children who have been good. He makes a list of children and categorises them into ‘naughty’ or ‘nice’. Then he delivers the gifts from his bag to the nice children and coal to the naughty ones.

Wow! Here are the glittery Christmas balls too. Santa might just drop them with the gifts into one your stockings! They symbolise three gold balls or bags of gold which Santa once gave to a poor man and his three daughters.

This bag is really heavy but Santa lifts it with complete ease and fits inside chimneys.

Let me see what he gifts me this Christmas. For now I gotta go and get my stocking up before Santa passes my house. Bye!

Related Article:

Read the real Story behind Santa Claus, click here!

Santa Claus Gift Bag

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How to Draw a Train http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-train/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-train/#comments Thu, 22 Dec 2016 06:38:14 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93682 Pack your bags and get ready to take the train! In the next 2 minutes learn how to draw a train from this simple step-by-step interactive video. 6 Steps to draw a Train First draw a rectangle, like a train engine. Draw three small ellipses inside the left side of the rectangle, like a face […]

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How to Draw a Train

Pack your bags and get ready to take the train! In the next 2 minutes learn how to draw a train from this simple step-by-step interactive video.

6 Steps to draw a Train

  1. First draw a rectangle, like a train engine.
  2. Draw three small ellipses inside the left side of the rectangle, like a face of the engine.
  3. Draw small one square on top of the rectangle and two rectangles on top of that small square.
  4. Draw one rectangle and two squares in the straight line. Draw small squares inside these shapes like a window.
  5. Draw wheels on the bottom and connect all these shapes like the way train compartments are connected.
  6. Now fill the colours and start your train. Choo Choo!

For more such cool How To Draw videos go to : Drawing for Kids

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14 Squirrels arrested for spying! http://mocomi.com/squirrels-arrested-for-spying/ http://mocomi.com/squirrels-arrested-for-spying/#comments Wed, 21 Dec 2016 10:21:49 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93665 Arrested: 14 squirrels on charges of espionage! Iran had felt threatened by animal agents in the year 2007 when the Iranian Intelligence officials arrested 14 squirrels. The officials claimed that these rodents were serving as spies for the Western enemy nations; determined to chip away at the Islamic Republic. How can animals serve as spies? […]

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14 Squirrels arrested for spying!

Arrested: 14 squirrels on charges of espionage!

Iran had felt threatened by animal agents in the year 2007 when the Iranian Intelligence officials arrested 14 squirrels. The officials claimed that these rodents were serving as spies for the Western enemy nations; determined to chip away at the Islamic Republic.

How can animals serve as spies?

This seems bizarre but animals have been used in the past for spying purposes; serving in the military since 1908. The Germans first used Pigeons by attaching cameras to them to take aerial pictures. Pigeons have been used in World War II to fly critical intelligence matter out of occupied France. The US had earlier tried to strap bombs to Bats and drop them over Japan before using the atomic bombing method. Dolphins and Seals are trained by the US to identify underwater mines. They can disable enemy swimmers too. US Marines in Kuwait are said to have trained chickens for a low-tech chemical detection system.

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14 Squirrels arrested for spying!

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Why does Fog come out of our mouth in Winters? http://mocomi.com/a-white-fog-comes-out-of-our-mouth/ http://mocomi.com/a-white-fog-comes-out-of-our-mouth/#comments Wed, 21 Dec 2016 09:11:48 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=87805 What happens when you open your mouth to speak with your friends and wish your teachers in the cold winter mornings in the school? A white fog comes out of your mouth! All of you enjoy breathing out from your mouths to see more and more of it, don’t you? Condensation of your exhaled breath […]

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Why does Fog come out of our mouth in Winters?

What happens when you open your mouth to speak with your friends and wish your teachers in the cold winter mornings in the school? A white fog comes out of your mouth! All of you enjoy breathing out from your mouths to see more and more of it, don’t you?

Condensation of your exhaled breath

It is Condensation. This fog is created because of the difference between the temperature of your breath and the temperature outside. The air in your lungs is warm and moist, but the air outside is very cold. Condensation is the process by which water changes its state from a vapour or gas to a liquid. It is the same process that is responsible for the formation of clouds. Some other common examples of condensation that you come across in daily life include the formation of dew on the grass in the early mornings, fogging up of spectacles on entering a warm centrally air conditioned building on a cold winter day, and formation of water droplets on the outside of a chilled glass of cold drink on a hot summer day.

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Why does Fog come out of our mouth in Winters?

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How much does the sky weigh? http://mocomi.com/how-much-does-the-sky-weigh/ http://mocomi.com/how-much-does-the-sky-weigh/#comments Tue, 20 Dec 2016 08:03:18 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93622 Or is it weightless? The sky does have weight. It is made of air and air is made of all kinds of gas molecules. Those gas molecules have weight! If sky has weight, then how is earth carrying that weight? Weight of the air is evenly distributed over the earth’s surface. Since air moves around […]

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How much does the sky weigh?

Or is it weightless?

The sky does have weight. It is made of air and air is made of all kinds of gas molecules. Those gas molecules have weight!

If sky has weight, then how is earth carrying that weight?

Weight of the air is evenly distributed over the earth’s surface. Since air moves around easily, it presses on us from all the directions. If it was to be only on top of our heads, it would knock us down to the ground.

How much does air weigh?

The average weight of air that presses down on us (called air pressure) is 14.7 lbs (6.6 Kg) per square inch of earth’s surface. Which is roughly more than 11 billion billion pounds (5.2 million billion metric tonnes)

This means the sky weighs 14.7 lbs per square inch of earth surface which is roughly 11 billion billion pounds.

So, you can say that sky weighs one millionth of the mass of the Earth.

Which equals to 570,000,000,000,000 adult Indian elephants!

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How much does the sky weigh?

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Names of Santa’s Reindeer http://mocomi.com/names-of-santas-reindeer/ http://mocomi.com/names-of-santas-reindeer/#comments Mon, 19 Dec 2016 11:20:31 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86636 “Rudolph the red nosed reindeer…” most of us are familiar with this song. But do you know the names of all of Santa’s furry, horned friends? The carol “Night before Christmas” gives us the names of 8 of these magical helpers. Rudolph, you might be surprised to learn, was only added to the list in […]

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Names of Santa's Reindeer

“Rudolph the red nosed reindeer…” most of us are familiar with this song. But do you know the names of all of Santa’s furry, horned friends?
The carol “Night before Christmas” gives us the names of 8 of these magical helpers. Rudolph, you might be surprised to learn, was only added to the list in 20th Century. Before Rudolph, there were only these

What are the names of Santa’s 9 Reindeer?

Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donder and Blitzen.

But it’s never fun just knowing the names is it? So let’s get to know a bit more about Santa’s magical helpers –

1. Rudolph –

Of course, we all know about him as he’s the most famous one of them all! He’s the youngest member of the team and his shiny red nose lights up the sky to help Santa find his way in bad weather.

2. Blitzen –

Blitzen’s name comes from the German word for lightning. True to his name, Blitzen always charges ahead. His special power is the ability to infuse his team with lightning, to make them zoom around faster. This ability is particularly handy when Santa’s running in late.

3. Donder –

Donner, just like Blitzen, is a name of German origin. It means “thunder”. And Donder has a thunderous presence and a loud booming voice! A proud animal, Donder loves singing along with Santa.

4. Cupid –

Cupid, as the name suggests, is the most affectionate one of the lot. With Christmas reins decorated with green and red heart-shaped bells, Cupid’s motto is to spread love, which is often accomplished by placing mistletoe over unsuspecting people.

5. Comet –

Never far away from Cupid, Comet is as fast as his name implies! His laid-back charm and easy going nature make him a hit with the kids. He really is quite adorable, which is why Santa often takes him to check up on kids. The handsome Comet is an inspiration for kids to be on their best behaviour.

6. Vixen –

Vixen is playful and charming, and quite foxy! She is witty and easy-going and makes everybody laugh. The kids love her tricks, and Santa cleverly uses this when he forgets a gift on the list!

7. Prancer –

The most majestic of them all, Prancer is light on his feet and looks impressive as he kicks and speeds through the air. He loves prancing around with the elves in Santa’s factory, and Santa loves taking him whenever he wants to make a grand entrance!

8. Dancer –

With a passion for dance, Dancer, too is blessed with Grace. Dancing around with Prancer, the pair are a sight to behold! Dancer is gentler than Prancer, but is deceptively fast! Santa loves the ease and elegance with which she handles her job, and often takes her along with Prancer on rides to impress.

9. Dasher –

Last, but certainly not the least, comes Dasher. Dasher is known best for his bursts of speed, which come in especially handy when the holiday gift list is long. Together with Blitzen, he makes timely deliveries possible and Santa loves him for it.

So now we know all about Santa’s reindeer. Of course, everyone has different stories to tell about them. But that’s what makes them so magical, doesn’t it?

Related Article:

Santa’s Sleigh Game for Kids, visit: http://mocomi.com/santas-sleigh-game/

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Gargalesis http://mocomi.com/gargalesis/ http://mocomi.com/gargalesis/#comments Mon, 19 Dec 2016 08:37:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93641 What does “Gargalesis” mean? Gargalesis, pronounced as ‘gaahrg-lee-sis’ is a scientific term which is used to describe heavy tickling resulting into laughter. Gargalesis form of tickle is known to be working on both humans and primates, especially rats.

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Gargalesis

What does “Gargalesis” mean?

Gargalesis, pronounced as ‘gaahrg-lee-sis’ is a scientific term which is used to describe heavy tickling resulting into laughter. Gargalesis form of tickle is known to be working on both humans and primates, especially rats.

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Inside a Cricket Ball http://mocomi.com/inside-a-cricket-ball/ http://mocomi.com/inside-a-cricket-ball/#comments Fri, 16 Dec 2016 12:30:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=91740 What is a cricket ball made of? A cricket ball is made up of layers of yarn wounded around a cork core. All this is inside a red or white colour leather shell. Cricket balls are entirely made up of organic material. What makes the cricket ball swing? Six rows of stitching and a raised […]

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Inside a Cricket Ball

What is a cricket ball made of?

A cricket ball is made up of layers of yarn wounded around a cork core. All this is inside a red or white colour leather shell. Cricket balls are entirely made up of organic material.

What makes the cricket ball swing?

Six rows of stitching and a raised seam gives the cricket balls unique qualities which make them spin, cut and swing.

The cork core gives the ball its shape and density. This core is then wounded with twine layers which gives flexibility to the leather surface. The leather surface provides durability but changes during the course of the game due to usage. The seam is hand stitched on the leather parts from both hemispheres. The seam on the leather surface provides the bowler with some control over the ball, helping with the swing and spin. The final ball is sprayed with nitrocellulose lacquer giving it the required colour of red or white.

Conditions of a ball

The condition of the ball is very important during the game. There are certain ways to clean the ball, polish or dry off the mud from the ball. The condition of the ball deteriorates during the course of the game. Only one ball can be used during the game. If the ball is damaged or lost then it can be replaced by a ball of the same condition.

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Tenali Raman: Tenali Raman And Two Thieves http://mocomi.com/tenali-raman-and-two-thieves/ http://mocomi.com/tenali-raman-and-two-thieves/#comments Thu, 15 Dec 2016 05:26:31 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=wordsmith&p=45110 This post belongs to Mocomi.com

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Tenali Raman: Tenali Raman And Two Thieves


One summer night, when Tenali Raman and his wife were about to sleep, he heard a rustling sound of leaves coming from outside.

There was not even a slightest breeze blowing at the time, so he presumed that there were some thieves hiding in the ......


One summer night, when Tenali Raman and his wife were about to sleep, he heard a rustling sound of leaves coming from outside.

There was not even a slightest breeze blowing at the time, so he presumed that there were some thieves hiding in the bushes. He figured that they must be planning to rob his house in the night.

He thought of a plan and said to his wife, “My dear, I have heard that some notorious thieves are on the loose in our neighborhood. So, let’s hide all the jewellery and money that we have in the well.

A little later, Tenali Raman and his wife came out of the house carrying a big trunk, and dropped it into the well. Then they went back inside the house, and pretended to be asleep.

The thieves waited for a while and then started drawing water from the well.

They hoped to empty the well and get the treasure. The thieves kept drawing out water the entire night. Towards daybreak, they managed to pull out the trunk, and when they opened it, they were extremely shocked and disappointed to see only some big stones in it.

They understood that it was Tenali Raman’s plan to outsmart them. Just then, Tenali Raman came out of his house and said, “Thank you friends, for watering my plants. I must pay you for your labour.”

Hearing this, the thieves fell at Tenali’s feet for forgiveness. They promised not to steal or rob anyone ever again. Tenali decides to let them go.

Moral- Keeping cool and using your wit in dire situations can help you get out of them.

  • For more interesting Tenali Raman stories for kids, click here.
  • For other interesting stories for kids, browse though our huge collection of short stories here.

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Tenali Raman: Tenali Raman And Two Thieves

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How to Draw a Mouse http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-mouse/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-mouse/#comments Wed, 14 Dec 2016 08:57:28 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93591 It’s fun rooting for the underdog. Wouldn’t you want the mouse to win in a cat and mouse chase? Have fun by learning to draw a mouse. You just need a pencil and a paper to start drawing a mouse in next 2 minutes! 12 Steps to draw a Mouse Draw a slightly s-shaped curve. […]

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How to Draw a Mouse

It’s fun rooting for the underdog. Wouldn’t you want the mouse to win in a cat and mouse chase? Have fun by learning to draw a mouse. You just need a pencil and a paper to start drawing a mouse in next 2 minutes!

12 Steps to draw a Mouse

  1. Draw a slightly s-shaped curve.
  2. Draw a big circle around the upper part of the curve like a face.
  3. Draw three strokes across the curve within this circle, descending in size.
  4. Draw a smaller circle around the bottom part of the curve.
  5. Draw two small circle on left and right top side of the big circle like mouse’s ears.
  6. Outline the small circle and the big one like a face.
  7. Draw eyes on the first stroke drawn within the big circle, nose on the second stroke and mouth on the third stroke.
  8. Draw ears in smaller two circles.
  9. Erase the strokes and the outline.
  10. Connect the upper circle with the lower one.
  11. Erase the lower circle. Draw legs, hands and tail.
  12. Now fill the colors and play with the mouse.

For more such cool How To Draw videos go to : Drawing for Kids

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Jugaad http://mocomi.com/jugaad/ http://mocomi.com/jugaad/#comments Tue, 13 Dec 2016 06:57:17 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93574 What does “Jugaad” mean? Jugaad, pronounced as ‘joo-gahd’ is a colloquial Hindi-Urdu term. The word indicates an innovative fix or a simple work-around, used for solutions that go beyond regular rules. Jugaad helps in finding a low-cost solution to any problem in an intelligent way. It is a new way to think constructively and differently […]

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Jugaad

What does “Jugaad” mean?

Jugaad, pronounced as ‘joo-gahd’ is a colloquial Hindi-Urdu term. The word indicates an innovative fix or a simple work-around, used for solutions that go beyond regular rules. Jugaad helps in finding a low-cost solution to any problem in an intelligent way. It is a new way to think constructively and differently about innovation and strategy.

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Jugaad

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How to Draw a Football http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-football/ http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-football/#comments Wed, 07 Dec 2016 11:33:55 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93494 In this simple step by step guide learn how to draw a Football in a simple and interactive way. You just need a pencil and a white paper to start drawing a Football in next 2 minutes. And then, it’s a goal! 6 Steps to draw a Football Draw a circle. Draw two triangles with […]

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How to Draw a Football

In this simple step by step guide learn how to draw a Football in a simple and interactive way. You just need a pencil and a white paper to start drawing a Football in next 2 minutes. And then, it’s a goal!

6 Steps to draw a Football

  1. Draw a circle.
  2. Draw two triangles with slightly curvy lines. (it should not touch the circle)
  3. Draw curvy lines connecting corners of these two triangles to the circle.
  4. Draw pentagons around each visible corner of the triangles.
  5. Erase lines inside the pentagons.
  6. Color the pentagons in black colour.

For more such cool How To Draw videos go to : Drawing for Kids

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Why do Leaves fall off Trees? http://mocomi.com/why-do-leaves-fall-off-trees/ http://mocomi.com/why-do-leaves-fall-off-trees/#comments Wed, 07 Dec 2016 08:30:21 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93490 Why do trees lose their leaves in autumn? During autumn season the earth receives immense sunlight and warmth. This results in trees shedding off their leaves in order to prepare themselves for the cold winter months. Trees that shed their leaves for a part of the year are known as deciduous trees and trees that […]

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Why do Leaves fall off Trees?

Why do trees lose their leaves in autumn?

During autumn season the earth receives immense sunlight and warmth. This results in trees shedding off their leaves in order to prepare themselves for the cold winter months. Trees that shed their leaves for a part of the year are known as deciduous trees and trees that do not shed their leaves are known as evergreen trees.

What do leaves do for trees?

Many trees shed their leaves to survive the harsh winter conditions. Shedding their leaves help trees to conserve water and energy. As the harsh weather conditions approach, the hormones in the trees start a process known as abscission. In this process the leaves are purposefully cut off from the tree branches by specialised cells. Before the abscission process starts the trees absorb all the essential nutrients and food from the leaves and store them in their roots for later use. Chlorophyll is the first essential nutrient that is absorbed by the trees. Thus leaves lose their green colour before shedding off. If you notice; during the fall season, the leaves change into red, orange or yellow in colour.

What will happen if leaves don’t fall off the trees?

Trees also lose water through the pores in their leaves. So during the cold, dry winter months, water retention becomes critical and thus there is no use for the leaves. So they cut off their leaves. If leaves remained on trees, the water in the leaves would freeze in the winter. Frozen, solid leaves would die eventually. This means that when spring would arise, the tree would have dead leaves and the tree would also die soon. The process of losing leaves so that new leaves can grow after the winter months prolongs the life of a tree and thus this cycle should continue.

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Faamiti http://mocomi.com/faamiti/ http://mocomi.com/faamiti/#comments Tue, 06 Dec 2016 09:18:27 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93472 What does “Faamiti” mean? Do you know that squeakin, kiss-like sound we make when we want to gain the attention of a dog, or a child? The Samoans have a word for that. Pronounced [fah-mih-tee], the word is Faamiti, and it refers to the high-pitched noise made by sucking air through tightly-sealed lips in order […]

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Faamiti

What does “Faamiti” mean?

Do you know that squeakin, kiss-like sound we make when we want to gain the attention of a dog, or a child? The Samoans have a word for that. Pronounced [fah-mih-tee], the word is Faamiti, and it refers to the high-pitched noise made by sucking air through tightly-sealed lips in order to attract the attention of a pet.

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Faamiti

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Plant Cell and Animal Cell: Comparison http://mocomi.com/plant-cell-and-animal-cell/ http://mocomi.com/plant-cell-and-animal-cell/#comments Tue, 06 Dec 2016 08:51:38 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93463 What is a cell? All living organisms on Earth are made of really tiny particles called cells. Cells are the basis which makes up the structure of all living beings- all animals and all plants. Cells can only be seen under a microscope. Cells join together to form tissues which join together to make organs, […]

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Plant Cell and Animal Cell: Comparison

What is a cell?

All living organisms on Earth are made of really tiny particles called cells. Cells are the basis which makes up the structure of all living beings- all animals and all plants. Cells can only be seen under a microscope. Cells join together to form tissues which join together to make organs, an organic system which makes a living organism.

Plant cell structure and functions:

  • The plants cell has a cell wall. This wall protects the contents on the cell and also limits a cell size. It is made up of chemicals like cellulose; an important sugar glucose for plants.
  • Next is the cell membrane which is a thin layer of protein and fats and allows only few substances to pass through it.
  • Chloroplast is a disc shaped organelle containing the Chlorophyll which is a molecule inside the cell that plants use to make food- the process of photosynthesis. It absorbs sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen.
  • Plant cells contain the mitochondrion which is a spherical or rod shaped organelle that converts energy stored in the form of glucose.
    In the center is the nucleus which controls all the functions of the cell and is surrounded by a nuclear membrane.
  • They also have a permanent vacuole that takes up 90% of the cell volume and it helps the cell be turgid- swollen with water.

Animal cell structure and functions:

  • The animal cell contains an external membrane which gives shape to cells and controls movement of materials like oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass in and out of cells.
  • The central part of the cell is the nucleus which has a small structure called the chromosome in it. These chromosomes carry genes which are responsible for our hereditary characters passed on from our parents and ancestors.
  • The cell contains an endoplasmic reticulum which is a tube like structure connecting different parts of a cell and helps them to carry materials.
  • The mitochondria are like a power house of a cell. They are found in large numbers and help in respiration process of a cell that helps in energy formation.
  • Cells also contain Lysosomes which have enzymes that help in digestion of food.

Difference between plant cell and animal cell

Animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are round and irregular in shape but plants cells are rectangular and have a fixed shape. Animal cells contain lysosomes which are absent in plant cells. Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles but plant cells have only one big vacuole.

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Plant Cell and Animal Cell: Comparison

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What are Cyclones? http://mocomi.com/cyclones/ http://mocomi.com/cyclones/#comments Mon, 05 Dec 2016 10:11:32 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93439 What is a Cyclone? Cyclones are violent storms. When we talk about storms or cyclones, the location plays an important part since there are different types of cyclones, and the location determines what to call it. Cyclones that form near North America and the Caribbean are known as hurricanes. Cyclones formed near Philippines, Japan and […]

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What are Cyclones?

What is a Cyclone?

Cyclones are violent storms. When we talk about storms or cyclones, the location plays an important part since there are different types of cyclones, and the location determines what to call it.

Cyclones that form near North America and the Caribbean are known as hurricanes. Cyclones formed near Philippines, Japan and China are known as typhoons and those formed near Australia and India are known as cyclones.

How are Cyclones formed?

Cyclones are generally spinning storms that rotate around a low pressure center. The center is the eye of the cyclone which watches whatever is going down. It is like the calm spinning, middle portion of a ceiling fan whereas the surrounding rotating areas are the arms which go wild.

Types of Cyclones?

Tropical Cyclones

The Tropical cyclones form over the Atlantic, Pacific and the Indian Oceans, mostly develop during summer. Hurricanes and typhoons are also types of tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclones are called category 1,2,3,4, or 5. The number increases with the increase in their intensity and wind speed. A category 1 cyclone is weak and has a speed of 74-95 mph. A category 5 cyclone is above 155 mph and is extremely disastrous and dangerous.

Polar Cyclones and Mesocyclones

Other types of cyclones are Polar cyclones and mesocyclone. Polar cyclones occur in Polar Regions in winter months in Greenland, Siberia or Antarctica. A mesocyclone is when a part of a thunderstorm cloud starts to spin and forms a tornado.

Tropical Cyclones form over the warm of the tropics. When the warm, moist air over the water rises, it is replaced by cool air. This cooler air warms and starts rising. This cycle causes huge clouds to be formed. Now, these warm clouds begin to rotate with a spin of the earth. If there is enough warm water, the cycle continues and the storm clouds and the wind speed keeps growing to form a cyclone. When this occurs over the tropical ocean it is called tropical depression. When it starts spinning faster, we get a tropical storm.

The main effects of cyclones are heavy rainfall, strong winds, land falls and tornadoes. The destruction of a cyclone depends upon the intensity of the winds. The worst cyclone in Australia was in 1974 called cyclone Tracy which devastated Darwin and Northern Australia.

2 Interesting Facts about Cyclones

  1. Cyclone rotates counter clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere, due to earth’s rotation.
  2. When naming cyclones the letters Q,U,X,Y, Z are not used and the names are alternated between male and female names.
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What are Cyclones?

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