Mocomi Kids http://mocomi.com Inspiring Curiosity! Thu, 25 May 2017 13:24:11 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.15 Who invented clothes and how did they make them? http://mocomi.com/who-invented-clothes/ http://mocomi.com/who-invented-clothes/#comments Thu, 25 May 2017 13:22:34 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95535 When were clothes invented? The first evidence of clothes has been found to be used 100,000 years ago. History and development of clothing Neanderthals used to tan animal skins to clothe themselves. They used to tan buckskin, fur and inner hides by painstakingly scrapping it off and soaking it in pulverized deer brains. They then […]

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Who invented clothes and how did they make them?

When were clothes invented?

The first evidence of clothes has been found to be used 100,000 years ago.

History and development of clothing

Neanderthals used to tan animal skins to clothe themselves. They used to tan buckskin, fur and inner hides by painstakingly scrapping it off and soaking it in pulverized deer brains. They then wrung, stretched and hung it to dry and smoked it to make it waterproof.
But lack of stitching tools such as needles caused them to either drape the clothes or tie it, which was not always comfortable or convenient.
It was only 30,000 years ago that simple needles were created out of animal bone which helped the early humans to sew leather and fur garments.

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The Fall of Berlin Wall http://mocomi.com/the-berlin-wall/ http://mocomi.com/the-berlin-wall/#comments Thu, 25 May 2017 09:04:26 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95594 What is the Berlin Wall? The Berlin Wall, a symbol of the Cold War, was a wall that separated the communist Eastern side of Berlin from the democratic Western side. The wall was built in 1961 and stood for nearly 28 years. It all started after the World War II, when Germany was divided into […]

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The Fall of Berlin Wall

What is the Berlin Wall?

The Berlin Wall, a symbol of the Cold War, was a wall that separated the communist Eastern side of Berlin from the democratic Western side. The wall was built in 1961 and stood for nearly 28 years. It all started after the World War II, when Germany was divided into two parts – East Germany Zone and West Germany Zone, among the four allies that defeated the Nazis.

West Germany Zone

West Germany zone was controlled by France, Great Britain and America. It was known as the Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

East Germany Zone

East Germany was controlled by the Soviet Union and was known as the Deutsche Demokratische Republik. Berlin, being the capital city, was divided among the four allies. Thus, the Soviet Union controlled East Berlin, while France, Great Britain and America controlled West Berlin.

Why was the Berlin Wall built?

The conditions between the two parts of Berlin became very different. The Western part was growing as their economy began to rise and become better day by day, while in the East the Soviets had full control with limited freedom to the citizens. Thus, the people living in East Germany did not want to live under the control of the Soviets and started to move towards the Western part. These people were known as defectors. Few were stopped at the border, while other made their way to the West and kept in warehouses. By the early 1960’s, more than 2 million people had defected from the East to West. East Berlin had lost a great number of their workforce. Now, the East became desperate to stop this immigration. Citizen from the East used to commute daily to the West to look for better job opportunities. The East and the West finally had enough, and decided to build a wall around Berlin to prevent people from defecting. On August 13, 1961 the communist of the East started building the wall dividing East Berlin and West Berlin. In a matter of days a low concrete wall was created between the two sides.

What were the effects of the Berlin Wall?

The wall separated families and cut people off from their daily jobs. People from the East side peered through their dilapidated apartments into the prospering West side. Many East Germans tried to climb the wall or use the tunnels to get to the West in desperation. But they were killed by the East German guards who regarded such people as traitors. The Western side was very different. They started calling the Berlin Wall a ‘wall of shame’. The East continued to rebuild the wall and kept adding onto it, making it further long. It reached a length of 103 miles, 4 feet high and 12 feet high. Guards and dogs were then added at check points to keep a watch on anyone trying to cross the wall. Did this keep the East Germans at bay? No, they still made attempts to cross the wall- simple and planned ones. This continued till the 1970’s and 1980’s.

When was the Berlin Wall demolished?

It was on June 12, 1987, when President Ronald Reagan gave a speech in Berlin directed to the Soviet Union leader, Mikhail Gorbachev and asking him to tear down this wall of shame. By this time, the communists were also beginning to weaken and losing their hold on East Germany. It was on November 9, 1989 that an announcement was made which said that relocation on the two sides can be done through all border checkpoints. People rushed to see if the borders were opened. People from the West side celebrated the end of divided Germany by chipping off and tearing down the wall with hammers. It was only on October 3, 1990 that Germany was officially recognized as one and was unified as a single country.

5 Interesting facts about the Berlin Wall

1. The West side of the Berlin Wall was fully covered with colorful graffiti while the East side was totally barren.
2. People staying in the Western side of Berlin started considering the East as a garbage point and started throwing rubbish over the wall.
3. The Berlin wall had underground subways and train stations. Many trains were not allowed to stop at the East side station. These stations were heavily guarded and dimly lit and were known as ‘ghost stations’. The Ghost stations were reopened after the wall was demolished.
4. During the 28 years when the wall stood, almost 5000 people had crossed to the Western side, either over or through the wall.
5. The most famous checkpoint was Checkpoint Charlie. After the demolition the guard house of this checkpoint is now situated in the Allied Museum in Berlin.

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What is an ecosystem? http://mocomi.com/what-is-an-ecosystem/ http://mocomi.com/what-is-an-ecosystem/#comments Wed, 24 May 2017 09:41:07 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95580 In an ecosystem, each organism has its role to play. A forest has trees, herbivorous animals, carnivorous animals, birds, reptiles and insects. How ecosystem works? We know that the lions feast on deer, zebras and other small animals. We also know that humans are fond of hunting lions and tigers; though hunting has been banned […]

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What is an ecosystem?

In an ecosystem, each organism has its role to play. A forest has trees, herbivorous animals, carnivorous animals, birds, reptiles and insects.

How ecosystem works?

We know that the lions feast on deer, zebras and other small animals. We also know that humans are fond of hunting lions and tigers; though hunting has been banned by law, some poachers are still out there killing lions and tigers illegally.

What will happen if we take out lions and tigers completely from the forest ecosystem?

The population of the herbivorous animals will multiply in leaps and bounds and they will plunder the grasslands for food. The lack or absence of vegetation will result in soil erosion, lowering down the quality and fertility of the soil which will eventually affect us.

How non living things affect an ecosystem?

It is not just the presence or absence of the living organisms that affects the functioning of the ecosystem, but the abiotic or the non-living factors also play an important role in the ecosystem.

Industrialization and excessive use of fossil fuels for energy has resulted in serious environmental threats like global warming, ozone hole and pollution. Because of human intervention, our environment has changed, our climate has changed. Any disturbance or disruption to an ecosystem can be fatal to all organisms within the ecosystem.

Codependency in ecosystem

All the members of an ecosystem share a unique relationship with each other and depend on one another in order to get energy to survive. The energy flow in an ecosystem starts with the sun. Plants use the sun’s energy in the process of photosynthesis for manufacturing their food. These plants are eaten by herbivorous animals and the sun’s energy, in form of carbohydrates, flows from the plants to these animals.

When the herbivorous animals become food for the carnivorous animals, the energy of the sun stored in their bodies gets transferred to the carnivorous animals. The carnivorous animals may again be eaten by larger animals and when this happens, another energy transfer takes place. This pattern continues until the living organism dies and it is time for the bacterial decomposers to do their work.

Food chain in ecosystem

This ‘who eats whom’ list that also shows the path of transfer of sun’s energy in an ecosystem is known as a food chain. In an ecosystem, multiple food chains may exist. A collection of several complex food chains is known as a food web.

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Science of Chemical Bonding http://mocomi.com/chemical-bonding/ http://mocomi.com/chemical-bonding/#comments Tue, 23 May 2017 10:27:05 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95569 You know that atoms are the basic building blocks of all types of matter. Everything around you—the food you eat, the water you drink, your pets, your toys and even your bodies—is made up of atoms. In nature, these atoms combine with other atoms through chemical bonds which are a result of the strong attractive […]

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Science of Chemical Bonding

You know that atoms are the basic building blocks of all types of matter. Everything around you—the food you eat, the water you drink, your pets, your toys and even your bodies—is made up of atoms. In nature, these atoms combine with other atoms through chemical bonds which are a result of the strong attractive forces that exist between the atoms.

These atoms are so very tiny that you can only see them under a microscope. Now how can a tiny thing like an atom be useful to us? Well, just like the Lego blocks, these miniscule atoms make themselves useful by combining themselves with each other.

What is chemical bonding?

When two atoms combine with each other, the chemical process that takes place is known as chemical bonding. The electrons that help in the formation of chemical bonds are known as valence electrons, the ones that are found in an atom’s outermost shell. When two atoms come close to each other, the valence electrons in their outer shell interact with each other. Though electrons repel each other, they are attracted to the protons in the nuclei of atoms. Due to the interaction of forces, some atoms form bonds with each other and stick together.

Types of chemical bonding

There are two main types of bonds formed between atoms: ionic bonds (also known as electrovalent bonds) and covalent bonds. An ionic bond is formed when one atom either accepts or donates one or more of its valence electrons to another atom. A covalent bond is formed when instead of donating or accepting electrons, the atoms share valence electrons. When the atoms do not share the electrons equally, a polar covalent bond is formed. When metallic atoms share their electrons, a metallic bond is formed.

Why do atoms form bonds?

Now that you have understood how the atoms combine together, you must also know why these atoms need to bind together. The answer is : all atoms want to be happy, just like you! And what makes them happy is having their shells full. There is a specific 2-8-8 rule that can make them happy. The first shell should be filled with 2 electrons, the second with 8 electrons, and the third one also with 8 electrons.

Some atoms have extra electrons in their shells. These atoms are very generous and always ready to give up their electrons. Some atoms have a few electrons less in their shells. These are the greedy ones, always looking to bag some electrons from other atoms.

Examples of chemical bonds

Let us study some elements, sodium and fluorine for starters, to comprehend the concept of chemical bonding better. Sodium (Na) has 3 shells and only one electron in its outer shell. Now this sodium atom can do either of the two things: it can donate one electron in its third shell to some other atom and have two complete shells, with 8 electrons in each orbit or it can can keep looking for some benevolent atom with extra electrons to meet it someday sometime and fill up its third shell. Which option sounds easier to you? Obviously, it is the first one! It is much easier for the atoms to give away the electrons rather than keep waiting to receive some extra ones.

The atom of another element, fluorine (F) has 7 electrons in its outer shell, i.e. it is one electron shy of becoming ‘happy’. So, what these two atoms do is that they give and take electrons from their outer shells and become happy. In other words, the sodium atom gives away the extra electron in its outer shell to the fluorine atom and then both have a total of 8 electrons in their outermost shell. Such a bond is known as ionic bond. When an atom gives up an electron, it develops a positive charge like sodium (Na+) and when an atom receives an extra electron, it becomes negatively charged like fluorine (F-). The positive and negative charges attract each other like magnets and this is what helps in the formation and maintenance of the bond.

Bonding of Oxygen and Fluorine

Now let us learn more about the covalent bonds with the help of oxygen (O) and fluorine (F). Oxygen has 6 electrons in its outer shell and fluorine has 7. Fluorine needs one electron and oxygen needs a couple of electrons to have a completely filled up shell. Both these elements have innermost shells that are complete with two electrons, but their second shells want to have more! If they agree to share their electrons with atoms of other elements, they can share electrons and make covalent bonds with those elements. They can also decide to make an ionic bond if they prefer to borrow electrons from some other atom rather than sharing. Whether by sharing, donating or borrowing electrons, the atoms of an element reach the happy state of having eight electrons in their outer shells by bonding with other atoms. After all, everyone wants to be happy, right?

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Fun Facts about Temperature http://mocomi.com/facts-about-temperature/ http://mocomi.com/facts-about-temperature/#comments Mon, 22 May 2017 09:57:24 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95405 We often say today’s temperature is 34 degree centigrade or 40 degree centigrade. But what do we mean by the terms temperature or centigrade? What is temperature? Temperature can be defined as an objective comparative measure of hot or cold (heat energy). Units of temperature Centigrade is the unit of measuring temperature. There are different […]

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Fun Facts about Temperature

We often say today’s temperature is 34 degree centigrade or 40 degree centigrade. But what do we mean by the terms temperature or centigrade?

What is temperature?

Temperature can be defined as an objective comparative measure of hot or cold (heat energy).

Units of temperature

Centigrade is the unit of measuring temperature. There are different scales and units which are used for measuring temperature. Among them the most common are Celsius or centigrade (°C), Fahrenheit (°F) and Kelvin (K). Kelvin is considered as the basic unit of temperature in the International System of Units (SI). Generally, Celsius scale is used widely in which 0°C and 100°C correspond the freezing and boiling points of water respectively at sea level. Temperature is measured by thermometer. In Fahrenheit scale, 32°F and 212°F correspond to the freezing and boiling points of water. This scale is mainly used in United States.

11 Interesting facts about temperature

  1. In universe temperatures range from about 3,500,000,000 Kelvin (a supernova) to 3 Kelvin (space).
  2. Sun is known to be a class G yellow star .The average surface temperature of Sun is 5,600 Kelvin.
  3. Absolute zero is the coldest theoretical temperature. Reaching this temperature substance does not possess any heat energy. It has been defined as zero Kelvin (0 Kelvin) which is found to be equivalent to -273.16 degrees Celsius and -459.69 degrees Fahrenheit.
  4. The temperature of a substance has been defined as a result of the speed at which its molecules move. The theory states that faster the molecules will move, higher the temperature of the substance will be.
  5. A very notable fact is that Fahrenheit and Celsius are equal at -40 degrees.
  6. Temperature affects physical properties of materials whether it is solid, liquid, gaseous or plasma: density; solubility; vapour pressure and electrical conductivity.
  7. It affects rate and extent to which chemical reactions take place.
  8. Temperature affects the amount as well as properties of thermal radiation which emits from the surface of an object.
  9. 57.8 °C (136 °F) is the hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth. It was recorded on September 13, 1922 in Al ‘Aziziyah located in Libya.
  10. −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) is the coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth. It was recorded at Vostok Station located in Antarctica on July 21, 1983.
  11. Conduction (occurs in solid), convection (occurs in liquid) and radiation (takes place through space) are the three processes of transferring heat from a substance at a higher temperature to one at a lower temperature.
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Types of fruits and vegetables http://mocomi.com/types-of-fruits-and-vegetables/ http://mocomi.com/types-of-fruits-and-vegetables/#comments Fri, 19 May 2017 13:20:44 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95487 Fruits and vegetables form an important part of our daily diet. They contain essential vitamins and minerals which keep us healthy and protect us from diseases. At least five servings of vegetables and two servings of fruits are recommended daily. What is a fruit? A fruit is a seed bearing structure and develops from a […]

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Types of fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables form an important part of our daily diet. They contain essential vitamins and minerals which keep us healthy and protect us from diseases. At least five servings of vegetables and two servings of fruits are recommended daily.

What is a fruit?

A fruit is a seed bearing structure and develops from a flowering plant. A fruit is a sweet and fleshy product of a tree or a plant and can be eaten as food, without cooking.

  • Apples and pears
  • Citrus – oranges, grapefruits, mandarins and limes
  • Stone fruit – nectarines, apricots, peaches and plums
  • Tropical and exotic – bananas and mangoes
  • Berries – strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, kiwifruit and passion fruit
  • Melons – watermelons, rock melons and honeydew melons
  • Tomatoes and avocados.

What is a vegetable?

A vegetable is any part of a plant that is eaten as food such as roots, stems, leaves and even flower buds.
Some common types of vegetable are:

  • Leafy green – lettuce, spinach and silverbeet
  • Cruciferous – cabbage, cauliflower, brussels sprouts and broccoli
  • Marrow – pumpkin, cucumber and zucchini
  • Root – potato, sweet potato and yam
  • Edible plant stem – celery and asparagus
  • Allium – onion, garlic and shallot.

Fruits example:

Apples – Red, Green, Golden…there are thousands of varieties of apples. You can have them raw and even cook them into delicious jam, sauces or a sweet dish.

Vegetables example:

Broccoli – This veggie is a close relative of cabbage and one of the essential greens in a diet. Have it steamed, stir-fried or in a salad, it is full of nutritional value.

Note – To know the difference between fruits and vegetables, click here.

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Exercise regularly, keep healthy! http://mocomi.com/exercise-regularly/ http://mocomi.com/exercise-regularly/#comments Thu, 18 May 2017 12:26:21 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95516 Exercise is very important to stay active. But it does not have to be only at gym class. It can be something fun too. Playing is not just fun but also keeps you physically active. Benefits of exercise There are a lot of benefits from regular exercise. Kids who are active will: have stronger muscles and […]

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Exercise regularly, keep healthy!

Exercise is very important to stay active. But it does not have to be only at gym class. It can be something fun too. Playing is not just fun but also keeps you physically active.

Benefits of exercise

There are a lot of benefits from regular exercise. Kids who are active will:

  1. have stronger muscles and bones
  2. be less likely to become overweight
  3. decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  4. lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels
  5. have a better outlook on life

Besides enjoying the health benefits of regular exercise, kids who are physically fit sleep better. They’re also better able to handle physical and emotional challenges — from running to catch a bus to studying for a test.

The three elements of fitness

The three elements of fitness in action when kids play in the playground are:
1. Endurance: When a child is chasing or being chased by another child at play.
2. Strength: When a child crosses a monkey bar.
3. Flexibility: Bending down to tie their shoes.

Regular aerobic activity helps a child to build good endurance levels. Aerobic exercise causes the heart to beat faster and a person breathes harder. Regular aerobic activity strengthens the heart and improves the body’s ability to deliver oxygen to all its cells.

Following are some fun aerobic activities

  • basketball
  • bicycling
  • ice skating
  • soccer
  • swimming
  • tennis
  • walking
  • jogging
  • running

Improving strength doesn’t have to be only from only lifting weights instead, kids can do push-ups, stomach crunches, pull-ups, and other exercises to help tone and strengthen muscles. They also improve their strength when they climb, do a handstand, or wrestle.

Stretching exercises helps a child improve flexibility, allowing muscles and joints to bend and move easily through their full range of motion. Simplest activities like reaching out for a toy or practicing a split or doing a cartwheel are fun ways to stretch and build one’s flexibility.

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Animal brain size comparison http://mocomi.com/animal-brain-size/ http://mocomi.com/animal-brain-size/#comments Thu, 18 May 2017 09:28:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95507 Are humans the most intelligent species on earth? Scientists believe that humans are the most intelligent creatures on earth. Thus, it is concluded that human brain is the largest brain among all living beings on planet earth. The human brain weighs 1.1 kg to 1.4 kg. What animals have the biggest brains? Let us look […]

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Animal brain size comparison

Are humans the most intelligent species on earth?

Scientists believe that humans are the most intelligent creatures on earth. Thus, it is concluded that human brain is the largest brain among all living beings on planet earth. The human brain weighs 1.1 kg to 1.4 kg.

What animals have the biggest brains?

Let us look at the size of brains of other living creatures on earth:

  • Sperm Whale – It is the largest toothed predator and has the largest brain weighing 7 kg. Compare it with the largest whale, the blue whale which has a brain of 5 kg.
  • Elephant – It has a brain size of 4.78 kg. The brain of an elephant makes up less than 0.1% of its body weight.
  • Mountain Gorilla – They are considered to have a good amount of intelligence with a brain that weighs 430 g. Brainy than a monkey whose brain size is only 22 g.
  • Chimpanzee – Compared to its body size, a chimpanzee has a brain size of 350 g. The brains of early humans were similar to those of chimpanzees.
  • Walrus – It has a brain size of 1.1 kg. This brain size comes very close to a human brain size. One half of the walrus brain remains active while it sleeps.
  • Dolphin – Positioned next to humans, a dolphin’s brain size is 2 kg. If trained, dolphins are sufficiently intelligent to grasp and learn several tasks.
  • Octopus – It is considered as the most intelligent invertebrate as its brain is made of the largest brain cells or neurons, found in nature. Its brain is made up of 500 million large neurons. Each of the eight arms of the octopus carries, a neuron package and its intelligence can be compared to that of a chimp.
  • Cats and Dogs – The brain of a cat is only 30 g in size. But cats learn by observation and have better short term memory. Dogs though have longer memory but their brain size is 30% lighter than those of wolves.
  • Alligator – One of the most ferocious predators, the reptilian alligator’s brain weighs only 8 g. They are roughly the size of three olives!
  • Giraffe – These tall animals have a brain half the size of humans. Their brains weigh only 680 g.
  • Rat – The size of a rat brain is only 2 g, while its body weight is 400 g. Rats have the ability to predict events and avoid danger and are experts in obtaining basic resources.
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Germany Facts and Information http://mocomi.com/germany-facts/ http://mocomi.com/germany-facts/#comments Wed, 17 May 2017 10:03:09 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95499 10 Interesting facts about Germany 1. Germany is known as Deutschland in the German language. 2. The capital city of Germany is Berlin. 3. Germany has the largest economy in Europe. 4. Football is the most popular sport in Germany. 5. The first book was printed in the German language. 6. German is the third […]

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Germany Facts and Information

10 Interesting facts about Germany

1. Germany is known as Deutschland in the German language.
2. The capital city of Germany is Berlin.
3. Germany has the largest economy in Europe.
4. Football is the most popular sport in Germany.
5. The first book was printed in the German language.
6. German is the third most commonly taught language worldwide.
7. There are around 300 varieties of bread found in Germany.
8. Instead of saying ‘Hello’, the Germans answer the phone with their surname.
9. Gummy Bears were invented by the candy maker, Hans Riegel, in Germany.
10. The biggest festival of Germany known as Oktoberfest, starts from the last week of September and is a 16 to 18 day long festival held since the Middle Ages.

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Desert plants and their adaptations http://mocomi.com/desert-plants-adaptations-facts/ http://mocomi.com/desert-plants-adaptations-facts/#comments Tue, 16 May 2017 12:33:40 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95489 What is it that sets a desert apart from other landscapes? – Desert plants What are desert plants? Desert plants are those which grow in the environment of arid regions where rainfall is scanty. Their beauty is very different from other plants. Desert plants are sturdily built. There are different types of plants which grow in […]

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Desert plants and their adaptations

What is it that sets a desert apart from other landscapes? – Desert plants

What are desert plants?

Desert plants are those which grow in the environment of arid regions where rainfall is scanty. Their beauty is very different from other plants. Desert plants are sturdily built. There are different types of plants which grow in deserts around the world.

6 Most common desert plants

1. Elephant Tree:

This plant is found to be grown in the Santa Rosa Mountains and south western part of the Arizona. It is small in size and has thick trunk .It stores water in trunk, lower limbs and wood. Elephant tree produces beautiful small and star shaped flowers which are either white or cream in colour.

2. Organ Pipe Cactus:

Organ Pipe Cactus is mainly found in the rocky deserts of Mexico and the US. This plant has narrow stems and a small trunk. This species of cactus takes 150 years to reach its mature stage. This plant produces fruits and purple or light pink tinted flowers.

3. Desert Sage:

Desert Sage is a shrub. It grows about 2-3 meters in height. Flowers of this shrub are deep blue in colour with purple bracts. This shrub is evergreen plant .It does not require water once it has set well.

4. Desert Marigold:

These plants belong to the aster family. They are mainly found in the south western parts of the US and Mexico. Desert Marigold is annual and short lived perennial plant. Their heights range between 10 and 30 inches. They possess hairy leaves which increase the reflection of light. This lowers leaf temperatures and blocks UV rays, making them to survive in extreme climate. The flowers of these plants are yellow in colour.

5. Saguaro:

The saguaro belongs to the cactus species. Its growth depends on the amount of precipitation present in the deserts. It produces ruby red fruits; white and yellow flowers.

6. Barrel Cactus:

These are the most common plant found in the deserts around the globe. Their heights vary between 1 meter to 10 meters. Barrel Cactus produces flowers of different shades such as orange, red, yellow and pink.

11 Interesting facts about desert plants

1. Desert plants are highly adaptable to the tough and extreme climate of the deserts.
2. Desert plants store water mainly in their trunk, stem and fleshy leaves.
3. Desert plants mainly the cactus group can be developed in nurseries and personal gardens.
4. They are ornamental plants which are used for home decoration.
5. Some cactus produces flowers.
6. Flowers of desert marigold are highly poisonous.
7. If the spine of barrel cactus accidentally pricks, one may need to take antibiotics to combat its effects.
8. Fruits of Organ Pipe Cactus are tastier than watermelon.
9. Fruits of Saguaro are consumed by locals.
10. Fruits of Organ Pipe Cactus serve as medicines.
11. Desert Sage has medicinal properties which cure headaches, common cold, stomach aches, influenza, pneumonia and eye problems.

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11 Crazy facts about the world http://mocomi.com/11-crazy-facts-about-the-world/ http://mocomi.com/11-crazy-facts-about-the-world/#comments Mon, 15 May 2017 09:59:57 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95478 The world we live in has some unknown, weird and crazy truths or facts that might just blow your mind. Let us look at some of the crazy facts our world hides! 1. Russia is bigger than Pluto Pluto has been deleted from the list of planets but it is the largest object in the […]

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11 Crazy facts about the world

The world we live in has some unknown, weird and crazy truths or facts that might just blow your mind.

Let us look at some of the crazy facts our world hides!

1. Russia is bigger than Pluto

Pluto has been deleted from the list of planets but it is the largest object in the Kuiper belt orbiting the Sun. Russia, the largest country by land mass on earth, is bigger than Pluto! Russia’s surface area is 17,075,200 square kilometres while Pluto stands at 16,647,940 square kilometres.

2. Mammoths did not extinct with dinosaurs

Woolly mammoths existed even when the pharaohs were busy building the pyramids in Egypt. So the mammoths got extinct not so long ago and man did get to see them in real, though man could not see the dinosaurs. They overlap in time with the construction of pyramids. Man exploited mammoths for their skin and tusks.

3. Lobsters are immortal or so they call

Lobsters can die of external forces but they just keep growing and growing when left on their own. Even after they attain sexual maturity lobsters keep growing. They can even regrow a limb after losing it in an accident. They cannot live forever, some scientist say, but they can grow and live an extremely long life, which might seem as eternity.

4. Holes in pen lids and Lego

Do you know why pen lids and Lego blocks have holes in them? They were created just so that if they are accidentally swallowed by someone, they would still be able to breathe due to passage of air through that hole!

5. Panda is China property

Every Panda you see is the property of China. If you see a Panda anywhere else in the world then they have rented that Panda from China. Any guesses on the rate? US $1 million a year!

6. Smelly bacteria

Rain brings with it immense joy and a slight, pleasant fragrance of the after showers. Do you know what this pleasant smell is? It is the smell of bacteria called Actinomycetes. They are of great importance because of their contribution to the soil and forests.

7. Life forms living on your skin outnumber people on the planet

There are about trillions of microbes living on your skin. 90% of our body is home to microbes. They are on our eyelashes, tongue, skin, hair follicles, teeth…everywhere!

8. An octopus that mimics

Yes, there is an octopus called the mimic octopus which is capable of impersonating or mimicking other species. They can change their skin colour and texture to blend with the surroundings. But they can change shapes and mimic flounder, lion fish or sea snakes!

9. Dead bodies on Mount Everest

There are over 200 dead bodies on Mount Everest and climbers use them as way pointers. The corpses are left there with the flags of specific countries. They die for Everest and are left there as it is difficult to carry them back.

10. Vacant houses in United States

There are more vacant houses in the United States than homeless people. Homeless has been on the rise in America but you just cannot put homeless people in any vacant house. So, empty houses end up being owned by banks rather than people.

11. A Jellyfish is 95 percent water

Only about 5 percent of the body of a jellyfish is solid. They don’t have blood, brain or even a heart, but they can sting real badly!

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Alexander the Great http://mocomi.com/alexander-the-great/ http://mocomi.com/alexander-the-great/#comments Fri, 12 May 2017 10:09:55 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95469 Alexander the Great was the King of Macedonia, the ancient kingdom of Northern Greece, and the conqueror of the Persian Empire. In his short life span he had conquered many empires and thus he was considered as one of the greatest military geniuses to have ever lived. Early life Macedonia was ruled by Alexander’s father, […]

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was the King of Macedonia, the ancient kingdom of Northern Greece, and the conqueror of the Persian Empire. In his short life span he had conquered many empires and thus he was considered as one of the greatest military geniuses to have ever lived.

Early life

Macedonia was ruled by Alexander’s father, King Philip II. Alexander was born in July in356 B.C in Pella. Alexander was raised by a nurse and a strict tutor and learned how to read, play the lyre, ride, fight and everything that a son of a noble family would do. At the age of 13 Alexander was tutored by the famous philosopher and scientist Aristotle. He taught him medicine, philosophy, logic, morals, religion and it was through his teachings that Alexander developed a passion for the wars of Homer and the Iliad. These stories were the ones that inspired him to become a war hero.

Alexander – The soldier and king

Alexander became a soldier at the early age of 16. At that young age, Alexander helped his father in an important battle to defeat the Athenian and Theban armies. Alexander became king when his father died. He had gained support of most of the army. Though King Philip succeeded in uniting all Greek-city states, after his death the states were divided once again. Alexander worked towards getting the support of the Greek city states. With the exception of Athens, the Greek city states supported Alexander with full military power.

Alexander’s empire

Alexander now turned east to conquer more of the civilised world. First he moved and conquered Asia Minor, which is Turkey today. Next he took over Syria, defeating the Persian Army. He then set to conquer the Persian Empire, the largest kingdom to the Eats of Greece. In 334 B.C Alexander broke the power of Persia and defeated the kingdom in a series of decisive battles. After defeating the Persian King Darius III, Alexander became the king of the Persian Empire. Alexander’s empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. He then conquered Egypt and declared Alexandria as its capital. He then moved to Babylonia, including the city of Susa.

Alexander conquered many kingdoms and even grew his empire to occupy Punjab in Northern India. He defeated King Porus in India but was very impressed by his bravery and tactics and made him an ally. He gave Porus his Kingship back and also some land that he did not own previously.

Death of Alexander

Alexander had just come to Babylon and captured it when he suddenly fell sick and died. Many people suspect he was poisoned as the reason of death is unknown. He died at the age of 32. Some say he died of a fever, maybe malaria or typhoid. He was sick for 12 days before he succumbed to his illness.

4 Facts about Alexander the Great

  1. Alexander never lost a battle, not even one.
  2. He named more than 70 cities after him and one after his horse, Bucephalus in India.
  3. After defeating the Persians Alexander started dressing like them.
  4. After his death, Alexander’s body was immersed in honey by the Babylonians to save it from decoy. Many years later it was placed in Alexandria’s communal mausoleum.
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Difference between metals and non-metals http://mocomi.com/difference-between-metals-and-non-metals/ http://mocomi.com/difference-between-metals-and-non-metals/#comments Thu, 11 May 2017 12:42:55 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95454 Elements on the Earth are classified into metals and non-metals based on their characteristics and physical properties. The periodic table has metals placed on the left while non-metals are placed on the right. Let us first look at what we mean by each of them. What are metals? Metals are solid materials and are typically […]

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Difference between metals and non-metals

Elements on the Earth are classified into metals and non-metals based on their characteristics and physical properties. The periodic table has metals placed on the left while non-metals are placed on the right. Let us first look at what we mean by each of them.

What are metals?

Metals are solid materials and are typically hard, malleable (bendy), ductile (flexible) and heavy. They are good conductors of heat and electricity. Metals are shiny and have a high density. They can also be opaque as a thin sheet. Example: aluminium, copper, gold, silver, steel are all metals. Metals have one to three electrons in their outer shells.

What are non-metals?

Any material or substance that is not a pure metal is a non-metal. They do not have the properties of a pure metal. Non metals are dull in appearance. They are poor conductors of heat and electricity. Non-metals maybe solids, liquid or gases at room temperature. Non metals have four to eight electrons. Non metals are very good oxidising agents but they are very brittle and have low density. Example: hydrogen, helium, phosphorus, iodine, carbon are some non-metals.

Chemical properties of metals and non-metals

  • Metals are very reactive. They tend to lose electrons very easily and form positively charged ions. This allows metals to form compounds with other elements very easily.
  • Metals corrode easily. They are damaged by oxidation like rust or tarnish
  • Almost all metal combine with oxygen to form metal oxide
  • Metals like lead, copper, silver and gold do not recat with water at all
  • Metals react with acid to give salt and hydrogen
  • Non metals form oxides that are acidic in nature
  • Non metals readily gain or share valence electrons
  • Non metals gain electrons to form anions (an atom that has donated electrons, hence giving a negative charge)

Physical Properties of metals and non-metals

  • Metals are hard except Sodium and Potassium
  • The boiling and melting points of metals are high and they also have high density
  • Metals are sonorous (when a metal is beaten it produces sound) except mercury
  • Metals can be turned into thin sheets by hammering, this is called malleability
  • Metals can be changed into thin wires, this is called ductile
  • Non metals are soft- except diamond
  • Non metals are mostly found in gaseous state, except Bromine which is found in liquid state
  • Non metals have a dull surface except iodine and graphite
  • Non metals are not sonorous
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Why is it called a building if it’s already built? http://mocomi.com/why-is-it-called-a-building-if-its-already-built/ http://mocomi.com/why-is-it-called-a-building-if-its-already-built/#comments Thu, 11 May 2017 10:54:23 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95452 Why is a building called a building? Em and Emma are having ice cream sitting on a bench. There is a construction site in the background. Em: Emma, have you noticed how fast these builders are working? Till last month there was no building and look at this huge structure now. Emma: Yes, and soon […]

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Why is it called a building if it’s already built?

Why is a building called a building?

Em and Emma are having ice cream sitting on a bench. There is a construction site in the background.
Em: Emma, have you noticed how fast these builders are working? Till last month there was no building and look at this huge structure now.
Emma: Yes, and soon there will be people living in this building.
Em: Come to think of it, if a building is already built then why it is still called a building? The construction is stopped or are there invisible gnomes still building floors?
Reason: Firstly, there are no gnomes in the city. Now, it is called a building because the ‘ing’ in the English language is added to certain verbs to make them nouns. The verb ‘built’ is suffixed with ‘ing’ to make the thing a noun- Building.
Em: So Building is a noun and when it is being built it is a verb?
Reason: The act is of building it when the actual work is in progress. Building is a gerund- a noun made from a verb. Any action verb can be made a gerund. Example: Singing is my hobby or Nursing is a good career.
Em: So it is called a building to denote the process of building it?
Emma: You got that bang on Em! You are a smart boy. Here, you get sprinklers on your ice cream for that!
Em: Don’t be a smarty pant Emma.
Reason: Ok, I’ll take the sprinklers.
Em and Emma: NO!

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South America Facts http://mocomi.com/south-america-facts/ http://mocomi.com/south-america-facts/#comments Wed, 10 May 2017 12:51:50 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95352 Where is South America located? South America is the fourth largest continent in size and is located in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth. South America is home to the majestic Andes mountain range and the mysterious Amazon River. The continent of South America is compact and slightly triangular in shape, being broad in the […]

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South America Facts

Where is South America located?

South America is the fourth largest continent in size and is located in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth. South America is home to the majestic Andes mountain range and the mysterious Amazon River.
The continent of South America is compact and slightly triangular in shape, being broad in the north and in narrowing down at the point called Cape Horn in the south.
South America is bounded by three major water bodies from three sides: Pacific Ocean on the west, Caribbean Sea to the northwest and the Atlantic Ocean on the east.

20 Interesting facts about South America

  1. South America comprises about 12% of the earth’s land.
  2. South America is the fifth largest continent in terms of population.
  3. Andes mountain system in South America is the second highest mountain range in the world, next to the Himalayas, in Asia.
  4. The highest waterfall in the world, Angel Falls, is situated in South America.
  5. World’s highest lake, Lake Titicaca, is located in South America.
  6. World’ largest salt lake, Salar de Uyuni, is located in South America.
  7. Portuguese and Spanish are the main languages spoken in South America.
  8. Brazil, the largest producer of coffee in the world, is situated in South America.
  9. The highest point in this continent is Cerro Aconcagua in Andes in Argentina.
  10. The continent of South America is named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
  11. Anaconda, the heaviest snake on earth, is found in South America.
  12. South America has the world’s largest river Amazon (by volume).
  13. Amazon rainforest is also the largest rainforest in the world.
  14. A total of 12 countries together constitute the continent of South America.
  15. Area wise, the largest country in South America is Brazil.
  16. Suriname is the smallest country in South America.
  17. Brazil is the most thickly populated country in South America.
  18. The Atacama Desert, Chile, is the largest desert in South America.
  19. Some of the rare animals found in South America are ant-eaters, armadillos and llamas.
  20. South America is the only continent to have wild Pink Dolphins.
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Union Territories of India http://mocomi.com/union-territories-of-india/ http://mocomi.com/union-territories-of-india/#comments Tue, 09 May 2017 12:16:36 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95345 What is Union Territory? A Union Territory is a like a small state; but it is operated by the Indian government and lacks its own elected government. They are Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep, Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Puducherry. The President of India chooses a Lieutenant Governor for each […]

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Union Territories of India

What is Union Territory?

A Union Territory is a like a small state; but it is operated by the Indian government and lacks its own elected government. They are Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep, Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Puducherry.

The President of India chooses a Lieutenant Governor for each Union Territory.

Why does India have Union Territories?

Political tensions in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands caused the government to take over them. Before this it had been controlled by the Britishers, with prisoners being kept there. Chandigarh fell into a tug of war between Punjab and Haryana, before becoming a union territory.

7 Union Territories of India

There are seven union territories in India, which are administered by the Central government.

1. Delhi

Delhi officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi or NCT, is a city and a union territory of India. It was converted into a Union Territory in 1956. It was officially named National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is also own as National Capital Region urban area in which Noida, Gurgaon, Greater Noida, Faridabad and Ghaziabad are included. It is located on beautiful banks of Yamuna river, one of the holly river in India. Palika Bazaar, Lotus Temple, Jama Masjid are few of the many tourist attractions Delhi has with The India Gate being considered as The Pride of India.

2. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have emerged from being a prisoner’s camp to a disease stricken land, to now being the most coveted and beautiful islands. 572 small and loosely flowing islands filled with the unpolluted sun and untamed wild life, make this a breathtaking place. Fishes die from old age as commercial fishing is banned. The Dermochelys Coriacea endangered turtles, weighing 500 kilograms, flock in thousands here every year where they nest. The Robber Crabs are the only crabs who climb up coconut trees to stealthily steal the soft coconut kernels without breaking apart the coconut.

3. Chandigarh

Le Corbusier had designed the beautiful and modern city of Chandigarh. The famous Open Hand Monument symbolizes the notion of giving and taking peacefully. There are interesting places to see like the Butterfly Park, The International Doll Museum, and Topiary Park etc. The Rock Garden contains eccentrically carved rocks made from industrial wastes. Chandigarh holds the second largest museum filled with Gandhara statues; which feature a confluence of Indian and Roman art, with gold and bronze details on stone.

4. Puducherry

Puducherry or the French Riviera of India still echoes its French influence through language, majestic colonial palaces and docile boulevards. The streets are oval shaped and cut at right angles. Be careful as you walk, as a street can have one name assigned at one end, and another name at the other end! You can try an exotic dish like the bébé octopus a l’Armoricaine (baby octopus cooked in fire) here.

5. Daman and Diu

Daman and Diu feature massive Portuguese and Gujrati cultural influences. The Zampa Gateway, not only features an inscription dated to 1702; but also intricate carvings of lions and angels. The Pandava brothers from the Mahabharata had spent a couple of days in Daman. The Diu Museum was actually the St Thomas Church; as there wasn’t enough space to build a proper museum to hold the dear antiques! Diu is the only place in India to house African palm trees.

6. Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Dadra and Nagar Haveli houses 62% of the tribal population like Kokana and Dublas. The Daman Ganga River watershed flows through it. It is comprised of 70 villages. The Tarpa dance constitutes of people holding each other’s waists, and dancing to the sound made by instruments made of gourd. The Vasona is a place for all the brave people who want to go and see the ferocious lions roaming around.

7. Lakshadweep

Lakshadweep consists of 36 majestic coral reef islands filled with tall coconut trees, scenic beauty and ample places to fish. The history of Lakshadweep has been passed down mostly through word of mouth. The Pitti Island is home to the grand pelagic (who love the water more than land) birds like Brown Noddy. The territory looks like a few dots on India’s map. Fish, jaggery, rice and coconut are the ingredients found here but they give rise to a plethora of mouth watering dishes. The people of the northern part of Lakshadweep feel they were washed ashore. Lakshadweep has the largest literacy rate of 92.28%.

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Kohinoor Diamond History and Facts http://mocomi.com/kohinoor-diamond/ http://mocomi.com/kohinoor-diamond/#comments Mon, 08 May 2017 11:52:04 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95401 What is the meaning of Kohinoor? The Koh-i-Noor in Persia means “Mountain of Light”. The name was first used by Nader Shah a Persian ruler. Weight and Origin of Kohinoor Diamond The Kohinoor diamond weighs 21.6 grams and is a 105.6 metric carat diamond. This diamond is believed to have been one of the largest […]

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Kohinoor Diamond History and Facts

What is the meaning of Kohinoor?

The Koh-i-Noor in Persia means “Mountain of Light”. The name was first used by Nader Shah a Persian ruler.

Weight and Origin of Kohinoor Diamond

The Kohinoor diamond weighs 21.6 grams and is a 105.6 metric carat diamond. This diamond is believed to have been one of the largest known diamonds that originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.

Story of the Kohinoor Diamond

Legend has it that the Kohinoor diamond is about five thousand years old. It was originally known as Madnayak or the ‘King of Jewels’ before being renamed as the Kohinoor.

The Kohinoor diamond was taken away by the British East India Company and adorned the crown of Queen Victoria when she became the Empress Of India in the year 1877. Currently the diamond is set in the Crown of Queen Elizabeth and is on display at the Tower Of London.

The Kohinoor moved through various dynasties and kings in India and Persia before it reached the Queen. It belonged to various Hindu, Mughal, Afghan and Sikh rulers.

Curse of the Kohinoor Diamond

It is believed that the Koh-i-Noor diamond carries with it a curse which has caused harm to men but not to women. The men who were in possession of this diamond either lost their fortunes or life.

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Benefits of Surya Namaskar http://mocomi.com/benefits-of-surya-namaskar/ http://mocomi.com/benefits-of-surya-namaskar/#comments Sun, 07 May 2017 12:42:38 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86766 Sun is the life source of our planet. Every organism on earth derives life from some element of the sun. “Surya Namaskar” or “Sun Salutation” essentially means bowing down to the sun. The principle of Surya Namaskar, as described by Indian sages, is to “digest” the sun, internalize it, and make it a part of […]

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Benefits of Surya Namaskar

Sun is the life source of our planet. Every organism on earth derives life from some element of the sun. “Surya Namaskar” or “Sun Salutation” essentially means bowing down to the sun.

The principle of Surya Namaskar, as described by Indian sages, is to “digest” the sun, internalize it, and make it a part of your system to reap its many physical and spiritual benefits.

What is Surya Namaskar?

The Surya Namaskar, or sun salutation, comprises of a sequence of 12 yoga postures, best done at sun rise. If done fast, it serves as a great cardiovascular workout. If done slowly, these postures help tone our muscles and relax the system. Regular practice of the Surya Namaskar gives strength, vitality and flexibility to our bodies.

How to do Surya Namaskar?

The 12 poses of the Surya Namaskar, in order are

  1. Pranamasan / Prayer Pose – The first pose, where one stands erect with feet fully touching each other, and palms together. The idea is to start with a prayer to the sun.
  2. Hastauttanasana / Raised Arms Pose – The pose where arms are raised upward, with palms still together. The idea is to stretch the body, towards the sun. Inhale Pose.
  3. Hasta Padasana / Hand to Foot pose – A pose where one bends forward such that our palms touch our feet, while keeping our spine erect, and without bending our knees. Exhale pose.
  4. Ashwa Sanchalanasana / Equesterian Pose – Pose where the right leg is pushed as far back as possible, with the left leg between the palms on the ground. Inhale Pose.
  5. Dandasana / Stick Pose – A pose where you balance the entire body on your arms, keeping the spine erect.
  6. Ashtanga Namaskara / Eight Point Salutation Pose – A pose where the chin, chest, palms, knees and feet are touching the ground, with the hips raised. Exhale Pose.
  7. Bhujangasana / Cobra Pose – A pose like the cobra, where the lower body and palms touch the ground, and the upper body is stretched upwards and forward. Inhale Pose.
  8. Adho Mukho Shavasana/ Downward Dog Pose – With the palms and feet touching the ground, the hips are raised so the body forms an inverted “V”, resembling a stretching dog. Exhale Pose.
  9. Ashwa Sanchalanasana (Equestrian pose) – Pose where the left leg is pushed as far back as possible, with the right leg between the palms on the ground. Inhale Pose.
  10. Hasta Padasana / Hand to Foot pose – A pose where one bends forward such that our palms touch our feet, while keeping our spine erect, and without bending our knees. Exhale pose.
  11. Hastauttanasana / Raised Arms Pose – The pose where arms are raised upward, with palms still together. The idea is to stretch the body, towards the sun. Inhale Pose.
  12. Tadasana / Standing Pose – A relaxing pose, where one stands erect, with arms to the side. Exhale Pose.

10 Benefits of Surya Namaskar

Regular practice of Sun Salutation offers a lot of interesting benefits for every part of the body. Let’s take a look at some of them –

  1.  Improves circulation of blood. Good blood circulation is the first law of health.
  2. Strengthens the neck, shoulders, arms, wrists, fingers, back, stomach, waist, abdomen, intestines, thighs, knees, calves and ankles. Basically strengthens us overall.
  3. Gives the body a rigorous workout, thereby reducing excess fat.
  4. Helps tone our muscles and keep them lean and strong.
  5. Helps relax our mind and reduces anxiety, fear and restlessness.
  6. Helps build focus and achieve inner peace.
  7. Improves flexibility of the spine and limbs.
  8. Improves posture and thus, general attractiveness
  9. Improves the functions of all our internal organs.
  10. Helps calm your mind, giving you a good night’s sleep.

Thus, we see that regular practice of Surya Namaskar basically ensures that our body is performing at its optimum level. Children as young as 5 can start doing the Surya Namaskar. In fact, in recent times, people have started becoming more aware of the benefits of yoga, such that parents even ensure that babies include yoga as a part of their daily regimen.

Get to know more about the International Yoga Day, here http://mocomi.com/international-yoga-day/

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What is GDP? http://mocomi.com/what-is-gdp/ http://mocomi.com/what-is-gdp/#comments Fri, 05 May 2017 14:23:32 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95355 Full form of GDP GDP or Gross Domestic Product is a measure used in Economics for measuring a territory’s economy size. GDP is the best measure to calculate a country’s economy. It includes everything produced by all the people and companies in a country. Definition of GDP GDP is the total value of all products […]

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What is GDP?

Full form of GDP

GDP or Gross Domestic Product is a measure used in Economics for measuring a territory’s economy size.

GDP is the best measure to calculate a country’s economy. It includes everything produced by all the people and companies in a country.

Definition of GDP

GDP is the total value of all products manufactured and goods provided within that territory during a specific period, say a year.
Simply put, Gross Domestic Product is the total goods produced by a country in a specific period of time. GDP measures the health of a country. A country with a high GDP is a good economy while a country with a low GDP is poor economy.

How to find the GDP of a nation?

To find the GDP of a nation one needs to add up all consumer spending (C), investments (I), all government spending minus taxes (G) and the value of exports minus imports (X-M).

Thus, the following equation:

GDP= C+I+G+ (X—M)

GDP can be measured by three methods:

  1. Output method: It measures the market value of all goods and services produced within the borders of the country. It is known as GDP at constant price or real GDP. The formula is: GDP as per output method= Real GDP – Taxes + subsidies
  2. Expenditure method: It measures the total expenditure incurred by all entities on goods and services produced within the boundaries of a country. The above mentioned formula is used to calculate GDP by expenditure method. GDP= C+I+G+(X-M)
  3. Income method: It measures the total income earned by the factors of production, which are labour and capital within the boundaries of a country. The formula for this is GDP by income method= GDP at factor cost +Taxes – Subsidies

What is GDP per capita?

This is the total income of a country, divided by the number of people living in that country. GDP per capita shows how much money people make on an average by working in that country.

Nominal GDP is different than the real GDP. When GDP is calculated at current market prices, it is known as nominal GDP. Nominal GDP includes changes in prices which is different than the real GDP. These changes in prices could be due to inflation and price rise or price fluctuations.

Example: If price rises by 3% (everything costs 3% more) and the nominal GDP grows by 5%; the real GDP growth is only increased by 2%.
Nominal GDP is a raw measurement that leaves price increases in the estimate. Real GDP takes out the effect of inflation. It shows how much the prices have changed since the base year.

What is GDP growth rate?

This is the percent increase in an economy’s output from quarter to quarter. The growth rate tells you exactly how fast a country’s economy is growing.

In India contributions to GDP are divided into 3 main categories- agriculture and allied services, industry and service sector. India measures GDP as market prices and the base year for computation is 2017-18.

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Why is too much sugar bad for you? http://mocomi.com/why-is-too-much-sugar-bad-for-you/ http://mocomi.com/why-is-too-much-sugar-bad-for-you/#comments Thu, 04 May 2017 11:35:16 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95378 How does sugar affect the body? 1. Weak Immune System – Sugar weakens the immune system which causes Hypoglycaemia, Also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels. This results in weakness and loss of energy. High sugar weakens the immune system by creating an imbalance in the digestive […]

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Why is too much sugar bad for you?

How does sugar affect the body?

1. Weak Immune System –

Sugar weakens the immune system which causes Hypoglycaemia, Also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels. This results in weakness and loss of energy. High sugar weakens the immune system by creating an imbalance in the digestive tract between the good and bad micro-organisms.

2. Acidity –

Maximum sugar intake causes acidity, and symptoms are –

  • Stomach pain
  • Restlessness
  • Nausea
  • Arthritis and joint pain
  • Headache etc.

3. Diabetes –

why excess of sugar is bad, the major reason behind this is Diabetes.

What do sugary drinks do to your teeth? – Science Experiment

  • Put tooth in soft drink for 24hrs, after 24hrs, we can observe decay of tooth.
  • It happens mainly due to high sugar is present in soft drink.

How to eliminate sugar from your diet?

  • Can have sugar free breakfast and Fruits, dry fruits instead of cookies or industrial snacks.
  • Can replace sugar with honey.
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Stingrays vs Manta Rays http://mocomi.com/stingrays-vs-manta-rays/ http://mocomi.com/stingrays-vs-manta-rays/#comments Thu, 04 May 2017 10:42:07 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95370 What are stingrays? Stingrays are unique fish that are infamous around the world for their venomous ‘stings’ or ‘barbs’. There are around 70 species of stingrays in the world. Stingray habitat Stingrays thrive in shallow waters and warm climate and are found around the globe. Stingrays come in various sizes; they may be as small […]

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Stingrays vs Manta Rays

What are stingrays?

Stingrays are unique fish that are infamous around the world for their venomous ‘stings’ or ‘barbs’. There are around 70 species of stingrays in the world.

Stingray habitat

Stingrays thrive in shallow waters and warm climate and are found around the globe. Stingrays come in various sizes; they may be as small as a few inches or up to 5 to 7 feet long. Stingrays are carnivorous and feast on small crabs, mollusks, snails, oysters and clams.

Where do stingrays live?

Stingrays are shy creatures and they spend most of their time hiding on the ocean floor. Contrary to their notorious reputation of attacking humans, they use their stings only to defend themselves. Whenever a stingray is scared or feels threatened, it uses its tail to ‘poke’ its enemy. Ouch!

Are stingrays poisonous to humans?

Famous wildlife expert Steve Irwin, who was known for handling and studying some of the most dangerous animals on the planet, was killed in a freak accident under the water in 2006. It was a stingray that was responsible for his death! Human deaths caused by stingray venom are extremely rare, because though the venom results in excruciating pain, it is not usually fatal. Unfortunately, in Steve’s case, the stinger had pierced his heart which took his life.

7 Interesting facts about stingrays

  1. Stingrays do not have any bones! Their bodies are made up of cartilage, the same material that our ears and nose are made up of.
  2. When stingrays move their big fins up and down to move ahead in water, it seems they are flying like birds!
  3. Stingrays have a unique diamond-shaped body.
  4. If you look at stingrays from the bottom, it seems as if they are smiling.
  5. In the past, peoples used the spines of sting rays to make weapons like daggers.
  6. Ancient Greek people used the stingray venom as an anaesthetic.
  7. Stingrays do not use their eyes to find prey. They have special electro-sensors that detect electrical charges emitted from the body of a nearby potential prey, and tell them about the location of the prey.

What are manta rays?

Manta rays are the largest rays and closely related to the stingrays. Despite of being nicknamed as ‘devilrays’ and ‘devilfish’ and ‘giant manta’, they are harmless and do not have any stinging spine. They are graceful swimmers and can display interesting acrobatic tricks in the water. They may measure up to 29 feet in width and weigh as good as 1300 kgs. Whoa! That is quite a lot!

3 Interesting facts about manta rays

  1. Manta rays lose their protective mucous membrane when touched by humans.
  2. Manta rays are closely related to sharks. Ironically, it is the sharks who love to eat them the most! Relations have no value for certain creatures!!
  3. The name ‘Manta’ means ‘blanket’ because this creature resembles a blanket as it moves around in the water.
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Tenali Raman: The King’s Condition http://mocomi.com/tenali-raman-the-kings-condition/ http://mocomi.com/tenali-raman-the-kings-condition/#comments Thu, 04 May 2017 05:43:37 +0000 http://www.mocomi.com/?post_type=wordsmith&p=45695 This post belongs to Mocomi.com

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Tenali Raman: The King’s Condition


One day, Krishnadevaraya saw a strange dream. He dreamt of a magnificent magical palace. It was made of dazzling stones and floated in the air. The palace had every comfort and amenity that one could ever wish for. It could be lit up with ......

One day, Krishnadevaraya saw a strange dream. He dreamt of a magnificent magical palace. It was made of dazzling stones and floated in the air. The palace had every comfort and amenity that one could ever wish for. It could be lit up with a thousand lights or made to disappear into the darkness in a jiffy.

The next day when the king woke up, he vividly remembered the dream. He summoned all his courtiers and told them about it. The courtiers sang praises of the king and his beautiful dream. The king made a public announcement: “I will give a hundred thousand gold coins to the person who can build me the palace of my dream.”

Everyone was startled at the king’s announcement. They knew that it was not practically possible to build the palace that the king wanted. But no one had the courage to say so. Many of the king’s well-wishers told him that such a palace can only exist in one’s mind. But he refused to listen and threatened his courtiers with grave consequences if they did not find someone who could make his dream come true.
The courtiers got worried and approached Tenali Raman for help.

The senior minister requested Tenali Raman, “Dear Tenali, now only you can make our king understand that his wish to erect the palace of his dream is absurd or else all of us will get a severe punishment.” Tenali Raman assured them that he would try to help them.
A few days later, a very old man came to meet the king in his court. He was crying for justice.

Krishnadevaraya asked, “What brings you here my good man? Tell me without fear and I assure you that justice will be done.” “I have been robbed, Your Majesty,” wailed the old man. “Someone has taken away all my savings and now I don’t have a single paisa left.”
“Who robbed you?” asked the king angrily. “Such a crime cannot go unpunished. You name him and I will have him hanged immediately!”
Your Majesty! I will tell you but first assure me that on hearing upon his name, you will not get angry and punish me instead,” requested the old man.

Yes, I promise,” replied the king impatiently.
“It is you, my lord,” said the old man in a trembling voice.

How dare you say a ridiculous thing like that, I will…,” began the king, but then he remembered his promise and calmed down. He asked that the old man to explain what he actually meant to say.

“Your Majesty! Last night, I dreamt that you came with your entourage of ministers and soldiers and looted my entire life’s savings, five thousand gold coins!” said the old man.

“Are you a fool or completely insane?” roared the king. “How can you treat your dream as a reality? Dreams are not true!”

“But they are, Your Majesty! If your dream of a palace hanging in air can come true, why can’t my dream come true?” retorted the old man.
And then, the man took off his beard, hair and stood before the king. It was none other than Tenali Rama!

He bowed before the king and said, “Your Majesty! This was the only way of convincing you that building the palace of your dreams was not practically possible.”

Moral: If people talk foolishly, you can use their own logic to show them that they’re being illogical.

  • For more interesting Tenali Raman stories for kids, click here.
  • For other interesting stories for kids, browse though our huge collection of short stories here.

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Facts about Dubai http://mocomi.com/facts-about-dubai/ http://mocomi.com/facts-about-dubai/#comments Wed, 03 May 2017 13:00:33 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95349 12 Interesting facts about Dubai Dubai was formed in 1971 and is one of seven states that consist of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). There are hundreds of mosques in Dubai and the call to prayer can be heard five times a day throughout the city. Hotel rooms have arrows pointing in the direction of […]

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Facts about Dubai

12 Interesting facts about Dubai

  1. Dubai was formed in 1971 and is one of seven states that consist of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  2. There are hundreds of mosques in Dubai and the call to prayer can be heard five times a day throughout the city. Hotel rooms have arrows pointing in the direction of Mecca for praying.
  3. Crime rate is virtually zero across the city. Dubai is one of the fifth safest places on earth.
  4. Dubai has no street addresses. Posts are instead delivered to PO boxes.
  5. Foreigners make up most of Dubai’s population. The local residents are called Emiratis, and are just 15% of the total population.
  6. Emiratis are provided with free education, free medical and free housing.
  7. Dubai is the fastest growing city in the world. In 1991, Dubai had just one tall building and now they have over 400 high rises.
  8. The tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa, is in Dubai. It has 164 floors.
  9. Arabic is the official language, but most of the locals speak English.
  10. You do not need to pay personal and income tax in Dubai.
  11. A new skyscraper is built every day in Dubai.
  12. The world’s largest horses are found in Dubai.
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Turtle vs Tortoise : Difference and Facts http://mocomi.com/difference-between-turtle-and-tortoise/ http://mocomi.com/difference-between-turtle-and-tortoise/#comments Tue, 02 May 2017 12:31:11 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95310 Turtles and Tortoises are two kinds of reptiles. They belong to the order Testudinidae. Both the species possess shells. What is the difference between turtle and tortoise? Turtles and tortoises have different types of feet and shells. Water turtles have flippers or webbed feet with long claws. They have more streamlined and flattered shells. Turtles live […]

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Turtle vs Tortoise : Difference and Facts

Turtles and Tortoises are two kinds of reptiles. They belong to the order Testudinidae. Both the species possess shells.

What is the difference between turtle and tortoise?

Turtles and tortoises have different types of feet and shells. Water turtles have flippers or webbed feet with long claws. They have more streamlined and flattered shells. Turtles live in water. Therefore, they can swim.

Types of turtles

There are different types of turtles. Some of them are African Sideneck Turtle, Alligator Snapping Turtle, Box Turtle, Musk Turtle and others.
Tortoises possess stubby, elephant-like feet and heavy dome shaped shells. They are herbivorous creatures and cannot swim. Tortoises dwell on land.

Types of tortoise

Different types of tortoises are Red-footed Tortoise, Russian Tortoise, Leopard Tortoise, Aldabra Tortoise and others.

16 Interesting facts about turtle and tortoise

  1. A group of tortoises is known as a creep.
  2. Tortoises roam around alone. Though some of the mother tortoises protect their nests but they do not take care of their babies.
  3. Tortoise divided into three main parts. The upper part is called carapace, the lower part is known as plastron. The bridge which helps these parts to merge together is considered as the third part of the tortoise shell. Turtle shells also consist of carapace and plastron.
  4. The ribs, the collar bone and the spine of a tortoise lie inside its shell.
  5. Scales present on the carapace are called scutes. They protects the bony plates of the shell from infections and injuries.
  6. The approximate age of tortoises can be determined by counting the growth rings around scutes.
  7. Tortoise living in hot places possesses light coloured shells.
  8. Tortoise can hold its breath for a long period.
  9. Shell of a tortoise is sensitive. It can feel if touched.
  10. Tortoise can smell with its throat.
  11. Sulcatas are one of the biggest tortoises. They are popular pet.
  12. Turtles are cold blooded creatures.
  13. In some species male turtles are born in low temperature. Female turtles are born in high temperature.
  14. Sea turtles possess a special kind of gland. It helps them to remove salt from water they drink.
  15. Leatherback is the largest sea turtle. It may weigh over nine hundred kilograms (2000lb)
  16. Many turtles are considered to be the endangered species.

Learn how to draw a tortoise with the help of this step-by-step drawing video guide, here: http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-a-tortoise/

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Mullah Nasruddin: Honest Smuggler http://mocomi.com/mullah-nasruddin-honest-smuggler/ http://mocomi.com/mullah-nasruddin-honest-smuggler/#comments Fri, 28 Apr 2017 13:12:30 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95015 Nasruddin the smuggler was leading a donkey that had bundles of straw on its back. An experienced border inspector spotted Nasruddin coming to his border. “Halt,” the inspector said. “What is your business here?” “I am an honest smuggler!” replied Nasruddin. “Oh, really?” said the inspector. “Well, let me search those straw bundles. If I […]

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Mullah Nasruddin: Honest Smuggler

Nasruddin the smuggler was leading a donkey that had bundles of straw on its back. An experienced border inspector spotted Nasruddin coming to his border.

“Halt,” the inspector said. “What is your business here?”

“I am an honest smuggler!” replied Nasruddin.

“Oh, really?” said the inspector. “Well, let me search those straw bundles. If I find something in them, you are required to pay a border fee!”

“Do as you wish,” Nasruddin replied, “but you will not find anything in those bundles.”

The inspector intensively searched and took apart the bundles, but could not find a single thing in them. He turned to Nasruddin and said, “I suppose you have managed to get one by me today. You may pass the border.”

Nasruddin crossed the border with his donkey while the annoyed inspector looked on. And then the very next day, Nasruddin once again came to the border with a straw-carrying donkey. The inspector saw Nasruddin coming and thought, “I’ll get him for sure this time.”

He checked the bundles of straw again, and then searched through the Nasruddin’s clothing, and even went through the donkey’s harness. But once again he came up empty handed and had to let Nasruddin pass.

This same pattern continued every day for several years, and every day Nasruddin wore more and more extravagant clothing and jewelry that indicated he was getting wealthier. Eventually, the inspector retired from his longtime job, but even in retirement he still wondered about the man with the straw-carrying donkey.

“I should have checked that donkey’s mouth more extensively,” he thought to himself. “Or maybe he hid something in the donkey’s rectum.”

Then one day he spotted Nasruddin’s face in a crowd. “Hey,” the inspector said, “I know you! You are that man who came to my border everyday for all those years with a donkey carrying straw. Please, sir, I must talk to you.”

Nasruddin came towards him and the inspector continued talking. “My friend, I always wondered what you were smuggling past my border everyday. Just between you and me, you must tell me. I must know. What in the world were you smuggling for all those years? I must know!”

Nasruddin simply replied, “donkeys.”

For other interesting stories for kids, go to: Stories for Kids.

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Major Biomes of the World http://mocomi.com/major-biomes-of-the-world/ http://mocomi.com/major-biomes-of-the-world/#comments Fri, 28 Apr 2017 05:27:55 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=93558 What is a Biome? A biome is formed of plants and animals having common characteristics due to similar climates and can be found in different continents. Biomes comprise of variety of habitats. There are seven major biomes in this world. What are the major types of Biomes on Earth? 1. Tropical Rain Forest: Tropical Rain […]

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Major Biomes of the World

What is a Biome?

A biome is formed of plants and animals having common characteristics due to similar climates and can be found in different continents. Biomes comprise of variety of habitats. There are seven major biomes in this world.

What are the major types of Biomes on Earth?

1. Tropical Rain Forest:

Tropical Rain Forests provide shelter to maximum number of species in comparison to other biomes. They are found in parts of South and Central America, Southeast Asia, parts of Africa, Southern India and North eastern Australia.

Natural Vegetation:

Broad-leaved evergreen trees found. Both tall and short vegetations grow, forming two layers- Upper and lower layers.
The upper layer consists of tall trees. The leafy tree tops extend up to 70 metres above the forest floors and form a canopy. Under such canopy the shorter vegetation (trees and vines) grow, forming the second layer. Other vegetations found in these forests are fern, climbing trees, orchids and bromeliads. The soil is thin and do not contain much minerals.
Climate: Climate is hot and wet throughout the year.
Wildlife: The wildlife consists of the following species:

  • Herbivores such as tapirs, capybaras and sloths.
  • Birds such as parrots, parakeets and toucans.
  • Reptiles such as Caymans, anacondas, frogs and boa constrictors.
  • Insects such as butterflies, beetles and ants.
  • Besides, jaguars, monkeys, anteaters, piranhas and various other freshwater fishes are also found.

2. Arctic Tundra:

It is located in the north around the Arctic Ocean. It covers Lapland and Scandinavia; Siberia; Alaska and Canada; a large portion of Greenland. Apart this, there is another tundra named alpine tundra. It is a separate biome which exists at the tops of high mountains.

Natural Vegetation:

It is treeless swampy plains. Trees never grow due to the presence of permafrost (permanently frozen subsoil). However, small shrubs, cushion plants and lichens are found.
Climate: The climate remains cold throughout the year.
Wildlife: Species which live in this biome are:

  • Polar bear, caribou, grey wolves and arctic foxes.
  • Insects such as blackflies, midges and mosquitoes.

3. Coniferous Forest:

The coniferous forest is found in the south of the Arctic tundra. It covers Alaska, Atlantic Ocean and Eurasia. Taiga present in the Northern Hemisphere is considered to be the largest stretch of coniferous forest in the world. Commercial softwood timber required for making paper is available here.

Natural Vegetation:

Cone bearing tress like spruce, fir and hemlock are mainly found in these forests. Soil is fertile.
Climate: The climate is cold.
Wildlife: Species present in these forests are:

  • Snowshoe rabbit, ermine and moose.
  • Birds such as crossbill and great horned owl.

4. Deciduous Forest:

Deciduous forest is found in the mild temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. It covers eastern North America, Europe, and eastern Asia.

Natural Vegetation:

Deciduous forests are abundant in trees such as oak, beech, maple and ash. Besides, wildflower and berries also grow there. Soil is rich in minerals.
Climate: This biome has four seasons, namely, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.
Wildlife: Wildlife consists of the following species:

  • American gray squirrels, deer, raccoons and rabbits.
  • Birds such as woodpeckers, cardinals and finches.
  • Insects like wood mice and others.

5. Desert:

Desert covers about one fifth land surface of the earth. It is present in all the continents except Europe. Deserts are of two types.
Hot and Dry: Arabian and Sahara deserts.
Cold and Dry: Antarctica and Gobi desert.

Natural Vegetation:

Different types of cactus are mainly found in desert regions.
Climate: The climate of the desert region is either hot or cold.
Wildlife: The species found in deserts are:

  • Camel, frogs, toads, lizards and snakes are found in hot deserts.
  • Emperor and Adélie penguins are found in Antarctic desert.

6. Grasslands:

Grasslands are called by different names throughout the world such as prairies (USA); veld (South Africa); savannas (South America and Africa); steppes (Eurasia); pampas (South America)

Natural Vegetation:

This biome is consists of grassy fields.

Climate: The climate of grasslands is hot and dry.

Wildlife: The wildlife includes the following species:

  • Prairie dog and the mule deer in North America.
  • Giraffe and the zebra in Africa.
  • Lion in Africa and Asia.

7. Mountains:

Mountains are found in all continents. The two great belts on which several mountains of the world lie are :The Circum-Pacific chain or the Ring of Fire (stretches from the west coast of the Americas through New Zealand and Australia and Japan through the Philippines) and Alpine-Himalayan belt or Tethyan system ( runs from the Pyrenees in Spain and France through the Alps and the Himalayas before ending in Indonesia)

Natural Vegetation:

Growth of plants depends on geographical location and altitude. Trees do not grow at the higher elevations .The lower elevations are covered by forests.
Climate:The climate of regions is cold and windy.
Wildlife: Species found in this biome are ibex or wild goat, sheep, puma, mountain lion, mountain goat and yak.

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Types of Forces http://mocomi.com/types-of-forces/ http://mocomi.com/types-of-forces/#comments Thu, 27 Apr 2017 12:29:07 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95263 What is force? Force is strength or energy applied towards any object for physical action or any movement. A force is a push or pull resulting due to the interaction between two objects. Force is external and results only when there is interaction between objects. Force can be classified into two broad categories 1. Contact […]

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Types of Forces

What is force?

Force is strength or energy applied towards any object for physical action or any movement. A force is a push or pull resulting due to the interaction between two objects. Force is external and results only when there is interaction between objects.

Force can be classified into two broad categories

1. Contact forces

These are those types of forces when two objects interact with each other; they have a physical contact with each other. Types of contact forces are: Frictional force; Tension force; Normal Force; Air Resistance Force, Applied Force, Spring Force.

I. Frictional force

As an object moves across a surface it causes friction. Friction force can be sliding or static. Friction depends upon the nature of the two interacting surfaces. Example: A book sliding on the table, a ball rolling on the floor.

II. Tension force

A force that is transmitted through a string, rope, cable or wire when it is pulled tightly by the object on the opposite end is a tension force. This force flows across the length of the wire or rope. Example- A cable car or climbing a mountain using a rope.

III. Normal force

This is the force exerted upon an object that is in contact with another stable object. Usually a normal force is applied horizontally between two objects in contact. Example-A book resting on a table or a person leaning on the wall.

IV. Air Resistance force

This a frictional force applied on objects when they are in air. Often the Air Resistance force opposes the movement of the object. It is noticeable for objects that travel at high speed up in the air. Example- An airplane or a parachute.

V. Applied force

A force with which an object has been pushed or pulled. Here a force is applied to an object by a person or any other object. Example- A person pushing a chair to the other side of the room

VI. Spring force

It is the force which results when a spring is stretched or compressed. A spring is a metal elastic device that returns to its original form when pulled or pressed. If the spring is stretched, spring force is attractive. If it is compressed, spring force is repulsive. Example- Trampoline, diving board etc.

2. Action at a distance forces

These types of forces happen when two interactive objects are not in physical contact with each other; yet they are able to push or pull. Types of Action at a distance forces are: Gravitational force, Electrical force and Magnetic forces.

I. Gravitational force

This is the force by which the Earth or moon or other massively huge objects attract another object towards them. All objects on the Earth experience the gravitational force, which is directed downwards towards the center of the earth. The force of gravity is always equal to the weight of the object.

II. Electrical force

It is one of the fundamental forces of the Universe. It is a force that exists between all charged particles. It is all around us. It is responsible for making our hair stand on a cold day. When the hair on the head stands and refuses to be brushed, that is static energy. It is this force which allows you to see when you turn on the lamp in a dark room.

III. Magnetic force

This is a push or pull exerted by a magnet. The force of attraction between an object and a magnet is called magnetism. All magnets have north and south poles. This force is the attraction or repulsion that arises between electrically charged particles due to their motion. Example- Iron nails when placed near a magnet.

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What are homonyms? http://mocomi.com/what-are-homonyms/ http://mocomi.com/what-are-homonyms/#comments Thu, 27 Apr 2017 11:03:58 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95268 Homonyms meaning and examples Em: We are running out of popcorn. We need to get some more. Emma: I need change. Em: You can’t just want change. “You need to BE the change you want to see.” That’s what Mahatma Gandhi said. Emma: Don’t try to show off what you learnt in school yesterday, stupid. […]

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What are homonyms?

Homonyms meaning and examples

Em: We are running out of popcorn. We need to get some more.

Emma: I need change.

Em: You can’t just want change. “You need to BE the change you want to see.” That’s what Mahatma Gandhi said.

Emma: Don’t try to show off what you learnt in school yesterday, stupid. I’m talking about money. I need change for hundred bucks, to buy more popcorn.

Em: Don’t call me stupid. How am I supposed to know what you are talking about when ‘change’ and ‘change’ mean the same thing!

Emma: Use your brain. If I say I’ve lost my bat, are you going to think I’m talking about my pet bat? A flying mammal that hangs upside down at night?!

Em: Of course not! I’m not dumb. I know you are too lame to have a cool pet like a bat.

Emma: Who are you calling lame?!?

Reason: Stop fighting you guys. The words you are talking about like ‘bat’ and ‘bat’ and ‘change’ and ‘change’ are homonyms. These words are spelled the same and pronounced the same, but have different meanings. Anyone who is familiar with the English language will know what the word means by putting it in context.

Em: Woah! imagine the confusion of someone trying to learn the language for the first time!

Reason: True. It can get problematic.

Emma: The only problem I see is, we still don’t have enough popcorn and I still don’t have change.

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Newton’s Laws of Motion http://mocomi.com/newtons-laws-of-motion/ http://mocomi.com/newtons-laws-of-motion/#comments Wed, 26 Apr 2017 12:31:46 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95251 Motion in Physics Motion is one of the major topics in physics. It is a part of mechanics. Scientists have set different laws or rules which explain motion and the causes of changes in motion. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy The most famous laws of motion were formulated by Sir Issac Newton. The three laws […]

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Newton's Laws of Motion

Motion in Physics

Motion is one of the major topics in physics. It is a part of mechanics. Scientists have set different laws or rules which explain motion and the causes of changes in motion.

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

The most famous laws of motion were formulated by Sir Issac Newton. The three laws of motion were compiled by him in Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (published in 1687) His laws of motion are three physical laws which actually laid the foundation for classical mechanics. Scientists have used certain basic terms to describe motion.

Terms used to describe motion

Force: It is required to act on an object to move it or to change its motion.
Velocity: It is also known as speed .Velocity of an object is influenced by forces.
Acceleration: It is a measure of how much the velocity of an object changes in a certain time (one second).
Mass: It is the amount of something present and is measured in grams or kilograms.

What are the three laws of motion?

1. Newton’s first law of motion

Every object in a state of motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it. This is also known as Law of inertia.

2. Newton’s second law of motion

The relationship between an object’s mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is F = ma. Acceleration and force are vectors. In this law the direction of the force vector is the same as the direction of the acceleration vector. This law defines how velocities change when forces are applied.

3. Newton’s third law of motion

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. This happens in a situation such as if we step off a boat onto the bank of a lake. As one move in the direction of the shore, the boat tends to move in the opposite direction. If not careful, the person may fall.

Laws of motion facts

The three laws of motion are verified over years by experiments and observations. They are found to be excellent approximations at the scales and speeds of everyday life. However, these are inappropriate for use at very small scales, very high speed and strong gravitational fields.

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Mount Rushmore Facts and History http://mocomi.com/mount-rushmore-facts/ http://mocomi.com/mount-rushmore-facts/#comments Tue, 25 Apr 2017 10:35:41 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95235 Why is the Mount Rushmore famous? Mount Rushmore is also known as the President’s Mountain is a carved sculpture mountain. It is located in South Dakota on the Black hills of Keystone in the USA. It has the sculpture of four famous Presidents of the United States– George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham […]

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Mount Rushmore Facts and History

Why is the Mount Rushmore famous?

Mount Rushmore is also known as the President’s Mountain is a carved sculpture mountain. It is located in South Dakota on the Black hills of Keystone in the USA. It has the sculpture of four famous Presidents of the United States– George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. Mount Rushmore is a National Memorial and is visited by 3 million people every year.

History of Mount Rushmore

It was the local historian, Doane Robinson who came up with the idea of carving a sculpture mountain to attract tourists to his small town in South Dakota. He contacted Gutzon Borglum, a famous Dutch American Sculpture artist. Robinson discussed his idea with Borglum who loved it and identified Mount Rushmore as the perfect location. The height of the cliff was perfect for the project and also the fact that it faced the rising sun, thus sunrise would first fall on the cliff every day.

The work on the project started on 4th October 1927 and the mountain sculpture was completed by 31st October 1941. It took fourteen long yeas and over 400 workers who climbed almost 500 stairs everyday for this gigantic task to finish with perfection.

The four presidents depicted on Mount Rushmore depict the first 130 years of American History. It celebrates the life and achievements of these four Presidents. They represent freedom and growth of United States.

4 Interesting facts about Mount Rushmore

  1. 90% of all heads on Mount Rushmore were carved with dynamite.
  2. Thomas Jefferson was originally on the right of George Washington but after 18 months they realised it wasn’t working, so they blew it up with dynamite and carved it on the other side.
  3. Borglum died before the work on Mount Rushmore could be complete. It was then completed by his son.
  4. Initially the four Presidents were to be carved from head to waist but due to lack of funding only the faces were carved.

The Secrets of Mount Rushmore

  • There is a 50 foot tunnel behind Mount Rushmore, a secret chamber which was earlier kept as the Hall of Records where copies of important documents were stored.
  • George Washington’s nose is longer than the other’s by a foot.
  • More like an Optical illusion but a fifth face can be seen on the left of Abraham Lincoln, believed to be of a Native American.
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Types of Rocks http://mocomi.com/types-of-rocks/ http://mocomi.com/types-of-rocks/#comments Mon, 24 Apr 2017 10:03:14 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95204 Every day, you get to see a lot of rocks around you – on the mountains, around the riverbeds, in the parks and even on the streets. Have you ever wondered what are these rocks made of? Rocks come in many different colours, shapes, and sizes and no two rocks are exactly alike. How are […]

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Types of Rocks

Every day, you get to see a lot of rocks around you – on the mountains, around the riverbeds, in the parks and even on the streets. Have you ever wondered what are these rocks made of? Rocks come in many different colours, shapes, and sizes and no two rocks are exactly alike.

How are rocks classified?

Geologists have classified rocks into three basic groups on the basis of their formation in nature. Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic.

1. Igneous rocks

Igneous rocks are also known as ‘fire rocks’. Igneous rocks start their life in molten form much below the surface of the earth. Whenever there is a volcanic eruption, they are shot out of a volcano as lava, and are cooled back into rocks as they hit the ground.

Types of Igneous rocks

There are two types of igneous rocks found in nature,

  1. Intrusive igneous rocks that solidify beneath the earth’s surface.
  2. Extrusive igneous rocks that solidify on the surface of the earth.

2. Sedimentary rocks

Sedimentary rocks are formed when bits of rock and material such as shells and sand get packed together. Together, all these particles are known as sediments. Very slowly, over a period of time, these sediments harden and turn into a rock.

Nature – Sedimentary rocks are generally very fragile and may break apart or crumble easily. Most of the rocks that you see on the ground like sand, pebbles, or stones are sedimentary rocks. Some examples of sedimentary rocks are limestone, sandstone and shale.

3. Metamorphic rocks

Metamorphic rocks are made out of the first two types of rocks, deep within the earth’s crust. We call these metamorphic or ‘changed’ rocks. Sometimes sedimentary and igneous rocks are subjected to pressures and heat so intense that they are completely changed. They become metamorphic rocks!

Nature – Metamorphic rocks often have ribbon-like layers and may have shiny crystals. Examples of this rock type include marble and gneiss.

What is the rock cycle?

The process of the formation of all three types of rock is called the Rock cycle.

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Weird green ice floats on Antarctic harbor http://mocomi.com/green-ice-floats-on-antarctic/ http://mocomi.com/green-ice-floats-on-antarctic/#comments Fri, 21 Apr 2017 13:33:00 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95184 Microalgae abounds in the Antarctic! Microalgae abounds in the Antarctic region but certain factors like sea ice, winds, sunlight, nutrient availability and predators are necessary to make them visible from outer space. Photosynthetic Plankton grows all around Antarctica in the summer months which are from October to February. Though it is now autumn in this […]

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Weird green ice floats on Antarctic harbor

Microalgae abounds in the Antarctic!

Microalgae abounds in the Antarctic region but certain factors like sea ice, winds, sunlight, nutrient availability and predators are necessary to make them visible from outer space.

Photosynthetic Plankton grows all around Antarctica in the summer months which are from October to February. Though it is now autumn in this region, the algae bloom can happen during the fall too. It is a late season bloom which seems to have gotten trapped in the slushy, just-about-to form sea ice. The algae are trapped within or below it. Many aquatic creatures like whales, shrimp, snails and jelly fish acquire nourishment from these.

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Most delicious cuisines in the world http://mocomi.com/most-delicious-cuisines-in-the-world/ http://mocomi.com/most-delicious-cuisines-in-the-world/#comments Fri, 21 Apr 2017 13:30:34 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95177 11 Most tasty cuisines in the world Food binds people across the world. People from different countries, religion, culture, background are all united by food – not only a need to survive but is looked at as art, culmination of senses and various flavours. Let us take a look at some of the best and […]

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Most delicious cuisines in the world

11 Most tasty cuisines in the world

Food binds people across the world. People from different countries, religion, culture, background are all united by food – not only a need to survive but is looked at as art, culmination of senses and various flavours. Let us take a look at some of the best and the most delicious cuisines from across the globe:

1. Italian cuisine:

Who doesn’t love pasta, pizza or cheese? It is one of the oldest cuisines in the world and is famous for using various kinds of cheese. Italy alone produces some 400 different varieties of cheese!

2. Greek cuisine:

The cuisine takes inspiration from Turkish and Italian cuisine, but is unique in its own way. Greeks use olive oil and special herbs that set them apart from their inspirational cuisines. They use a wide variety of vegetables that makes this cuisine special.

3. Thai cuisine:

Flavoursome and spicy; Thai cuisine has become very popular lately. Hot, sour, bitter and sweet- Thai flavours hit the taste buds as soon as you put the sauces in your mouth. They use lots of fresh herbs, broth and make a lot of noodle dishes.

4. French cuisine:

This is considered to be one of the haute or high quality cuisines of the world. French cooking is of a very high level and most of the gourmet restaurants serve highly professional French food. No French meal is complete without bread, cheese and wine.

5. Japanese cuisine:

One of the most unique cuisines in the world, using only fresh ingredients prepared in a meticulous manner. It is known for its fresh quality. White rice and soya bean are used in abundance. They have much more than just sushi, tofu and noodles!

6. Lebanese cuisine:

This is a mix of Mediterranean and Arabic food. They are unique in the sense that this cuisine uses less of animal meat and more of vegetable dishes, fresh fruits, fresh fish and sea food. They have a huge selection of vegetable dips, salads, pickle and Arabic bread.

7. Indian cuisine:

This is the most vast, diverse and colourful cuisine, because each region in India has different flavours and variety to offer. Varity is offered in the North, South, East or West of the country and is a paradise for food lovers. The spices used in every region are different. The cuisine uses a lot of pulse and vegetables. Meat and sea food are also a major part in various districts. Indian cuisine is more than just curries and is not complete without a sweet.

8. Chinese cuisine:

One of the world’s favourite cuisines after Indian. It is loved for its simplicity, flavour and mouth-watering taste. Chinese include a lot of rice, noodles, vegetables, sauces and lots of seasonings. They eat a variety of meat and sea food. They also boast about their 8 culinary cuisines with different flavours and style.

9. Scottish cuisine:

The only food in the UK that has an identity is the Scottish cuisine. The Scottish make full use of their local produce, whether it is veggies or meat. Raspberries and sea food make most of the cuisine. Haggis, their national dish is a pudding made from sheep’s heart, liver and lungs!

10. Mexican cuisine:

The Mexicans are known for their lavish use of spices. The cuisine has been influenced by the Aztech, Mayan and the Spanish. Burritos, chimichangas, fajitas, tortillas along with plenty of eggs and vegetables, in chilli, chocolate, tomato and cumin flavours are the main Mexican flavouring.

11. Indonesian cuisine:

Regional food varies all over Indonesia as it is an island, but the cuisine is hot, spicy, flavoursome, fresh and extremely aromatic. Rice is the stable food and found with all curries. Peanut is used widely as a tropical fruit. The cuisine is influenced by the Spanish and Dutch, while the Sumatran side is influenced by the Indian cuisine.

Do you like cooking? if yes, please explore a huge collection of recipes for kids.

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Benefits of eating watermelon http://mocomi.com/benefits-of-watermelon/ http://mocomi.com/benefits-of-watermelon/#comments Thu, 20 Apr 2017 12:10:42 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95124 What makes watermelon a cool fruit? Apart from being delicious, watermelons are a great summer fruit you can enjoy to beat the heat. They also have some amazing health benefits which are as follows: 6 Amazing health benefits of watermelon 1. Hydration :- Watermelon has a 92% of water content. This makes it hydrating and […]

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Benefits of eating watermelon

What makes watermelon a cool fruit?

Apart from being delicious, watermelons are a great summer fruit you can enjoy to beat the heat. They also have some amazing health benefits which are as follows:

6 Amazing health benefits of watermelon

1. Hydration :-

Watermelon has a 92% of water content. This makes it hydrating and helps you feel full.

2. Nutrients :-

Watermelon contains, vitamin A, E, C, Lycopene which gives a red colour and is linked to many health benefits. Watermelon is a low-calorie fruit high in some nutrients, especially carotenoids, vitamin C and cucurbitacin E.

3. Potential to prevent cancer :-

Some compounds in watermelon, including cucurbitacin E and lycopene, have been studied for their potential to prevent cancer.

4. Good heart health :-

Watermelon has several heart-healthy components, including lycopene, citrulline and other vitamins and minerals.

5. Good skin and hair :-

Several nutrients in watermelon are good for hair and skin. while others protect against sunburn.

6. Healthy digestion :-

Fibre and water are important for healthy digestion. Watermelon contains both.

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Facts about Africa http://mocomi.com/facts-about-africa/ http://mocomi.com/facts-about-africa/#comments Thu, 20 Apr 2017 08:43:28 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95130 Where is Africa located? The continent of Africa is the world’s second largest continent. Africa is located to the south of Europe and southwest of Asia and covers all four hemispheres. What was the original name of Africa? According to a popular belief, the name ‘Africa’ comes from the name of a local African tribe […]

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Facts about Africa

Where is Africa located?

The continent of Africa is the world’s second largest continent. Africa is located to the south of Europe and southwest of Asia and covers all four hemispheres.

What was the original name of Africa?

According to a popular belief, the name ‘Africa’ comes from the name of a local African tribe called ‘Afrigami’ that lived on the Northern side of the continent.
Africa has a wide variety of geographical features and climate. It has rainforests, grasslands, deserts and a few mountain ranges like the Atlas Mountains.

What is Africa famous for?

  1. Africa is the world’s second largest continent and covers almost one fifth of Earth’s total land area. It is home to more than a billion people and is thus, also the world’s second most populous continent.
  2. The first pre-human fossils were found in Africa.
  3. Famous scientist Charles Darwin suggested that the ancestors of human beings originated on the African continent.
  4. Africa is the hottest continent!
  5. Africa touches Asia at two places and Europe at one place.
  6. The highest point in this continent is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and the lowest point is Lake Asal.
  7. There are 54 countries in the continent. Africa has the maximum number of countries among all other continents.
  8. More than 1,000 languages are spoken in Africa. Arabic is the most common language spoken in this continent.
  9. Sudan is the largest country in Africa.
  10. Seychelles is the smallest country in the continent.
  11. Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa.
  12. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in the African continent.
  13. The continent of Africa has the world’s longest river, Nile and the world’s largest desert, Sahara.
  14. Victoria Falls holds the repute of being the largest waterfall in the African continent.
  15. Most of the people follow Islam religion in Africa.
  16. African continent is very rich in wild life including penguins, lions, seals, gorillas, giraffe, hippos and crocodiles. African elephant, the world’s largest land animal that weighs more than 6 tons, is also found in Africa. World’s tallest animal—giraffe and world’s fastest animal— cheetah, are both found here.
  17. Africa is an underdeveloped continent and also known as the poorest of all of the continents.
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Types of Fruits http://mocomi.com/types-of-fruits/ http://mocomi.com/types-of-fruits/#comments Wed, 19 Apr 2017 13:04:53 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95114 What are fruits? The seed bearing structure in flowering plants or angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering is called a fruit. They are fleshy structures associated with seeds. Fruits can be sweet or sour to taste. They are edible in raw state. There are different types of fruits such as apple, banana, guava, mango, […]

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Types of Fruits

What are fruits?

The seed bearing structure in flowering plants or angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering is called a fruit. They are fleshy structures associated with seeds. Fruits can be sweet or sour to taste. They are edible in raw state. There are different types of fruits such as apple, banana, guava, mango, grapes and others. Some fruits are available throughout the year (Example: Banana) and others are found in respective seasons (Example: Mango is available during summer). However, it must be noted, that in botany the term fruit includes several structures which are not commonly known as fruits. Some of them are tomatoes, wheat grains, corn kernels and bean pods. The section of a fungus which produces spores is also known as a fruiting body.

What is difference between botanical and culinary fruits?

In botany, any ripened ovary or carpel which contains seeds is called fruit. Here, nut is considered as a type of fruit. It is not a seed. Ripened ovule is a seed. Whereas, in culinary terminology, any sweet tasting plant part is said to be a fruit.

Classification of fruits

Fruits are classified into different groups:

What is a simple fruit?

Simple fruits can be dry or fleshy in nature. They are produced from the ripening of a simple or compound ovary in a flower containing one pistil. There are two kinds of dry fruits. They are dehiscent and indehiscent. The difference between these fruits is that, the former open to discharge seeds and the latter do not. Epigynous berries, cranberries and blueberries are few examples of simple fruits.

What is a multiple fruits?

Multiple fruits are formed from clusters of flowers known as inflorescences. Few examples of multiple fruits are osage-orange, pineapple, mulberry, fig, and breadfruit.

What is a accessory fruits?

Accessory fruits could be simple, aggregate, or multiple in nature. They may include more than one pistil and other parts from the same flower, or of many flowers.

Related Article:

Know more Difference between Fruits and Vegetables.

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Hagia Sophia – Istanbul, Turkey http://mocomi.com/hagia-sophia-istanbul-turkey/ http://mocomi.com/hagia-sophia-istanbul-turkey/#comments Tue, 18 Apr 2017 13:56:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95103 The Hagia Sophia is a domed monument which was built as a cathedral in Constantinople but later transformed into a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. History of Hagia Sophia It was built in the 6th century A.D. Hagia Sophia means the Church of Holy wisdom. It was built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian the 1st and […]

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Hagia Sophia - Istanbul, Turkey

The Hagia Sophia is a domed monument which was built as a cathedral in Constantinople but later transformed into a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.

History of Hagia Sophia

It was built in the 6th century A.D. Hagia Sophia means the Church of Holy wisdom. It was built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian the 1st and has been one of the world’s most important structures since. It was built in a short span of just 6 years, very quick for construction during that period of time. Today the Hagia Sophia is a component of the Unesco’s World Heritage site, historic areas of Istanbul.

Hagia Sophia Architecture

The Hagia Sophia contains two floors, and sits on a nave that has a huge dome shaped ceiling on top and is supported by smaller domes above. The structure is known for its strength as it is not built in steel and the design speaks of its uniqueness. In the 1400 years of Hagia Sophia, this structure has served as a cathedral, a mosque and is now a well known museum.

The original construction of Hagia Sophia was inspired by a Pagan temple. But it got destroyed in a fire created by riots. Later it was rebuilt and enlarged by the Roman emperor. This church was burnt again during the Nika insurrection, another riot. A new Hagia Sophia was built, although an earthquake had caused partial damage to the dome. It was restored again in the 14th century and served as a cathedral for more than a millennium. It was later looted by the Venetians and crusaders. After the Turkish conquest, Mehmed II had the Hagia Sophia turn into a mosque. He added the minarat (A slender tower, typically part of a mosque) for prayers, a chandelier, and a mihrab (A niche in the wall of a mosque towards which the congregation faces to pray).

3 Interesting Facts About Hagia Sophia

  1. Hagia Sophia is not only famous for its history but also its beautiful mosaics which art historians consider as the main source of knowledge.
  2. The mosaics contain images of the imperial family, Christ and different emperors. The Apse mosaic, one of the largest inside the Hagia Sophia contains the image of the Virgin Mary carrying baby Jesus. This mosaic is 13 feet tall. Each emperor that ruled the region over the years added one of his own mosaic to the Hagia Sophia.
  3. The building was secularised by the Government of Turkey in 1934 and in 1935 the Hagia Sophia was turned into a museum. Research, repair and restoration work continues till day at the Hagia Sophia.
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Hagia Sophia - Istanbul, Turkey

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Facts about Owls http://mocomi.com/facts-about-owls/ http://mocomi.com/facts-about-owls/#comments Mon, 17 Apr 2017 12:21:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95090 15 Fun facts about Owls The wide eyed, round faced raptors- Owls are mysterious creatures. Famous for being night birds, owls are one of the most interesting living creatures. There are as many as 200 species of owls around the world! Most of them are found in Asia while 19 are found in the US […]

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Facts about Owls

15 Fun facts about Owls

  1. The wide eyed, round faced raptors- Owls are mysterious creatures. Famous for being night birds, owls are one of the most interesting living creatures.
  2. There are as many as 200 species of owls around the world! Most of them are found in Asia while 19 are found in the US and Canada.
  3. Many owls have asymmetrical ears. Their ears are located at different heights on their heads, so it makes it easier for them to comprehend the location of multiple sounds.
  4. Owls are found in different kinds of habitat, except in Antarctica. They are mostly found in forested regions.
  5. Have you noticed how wide an owl’s eyes are? Owls actually don’t have eyeballs. Their eyes are long and shaped more like a tube, which restricts them from moving them in their sockets. Owls have binocular vision to help them focus on their prey, perceive the depth and then swoop on it. Their close vision is not as clear which makes them farsighted.
  6. Owls can rotate their necks at 270 degrees, 135 degrees on either side.
  7. An owl has 3 eyelids- one for blinking, one for sleeping and one for keeping its eyes clean.
  8. Owls are carnivores. They eat rodents, small and medium sized mammals, insects, fish, and other birds. Sometimes they even eat smaller owls!
  9. Owls have zygodactyls feet, this means two toes point front and two point backwards. All toes have sharp, hooked claws known as talons. These give them easy grip and a powerful grasp.
  10. Female owls are larger, heavier and more aggressive than the males. They are also more richly coloured and have a higher voice.
  11. Not all species of owls are nocturnal. Many times you might just spot an owl in the day peeping out from its home on the tree. When there is a shortage of food, owls may hunt at anytime during the day.
  12. The Elf Owl which is only 5-6 inch tall is the tiniest owl in the world. The Great Gray Owl which is 32 inch tall is the largest of all owls.
  13. The colour of an owl’s feather helps him camouflage or mix with the environment.
  14. Owls have broad wings and very light bodies which makes them silent fliers.
  15. All species of Owls do not hoot. They make other sounds like screeching, whistling, growling, rattling, even barking and hissing.

Learn how to draw a owl with the help of this step-by-step drawing video guide, here: http://mocomi.com/how-to-draw-an-owl/

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Can Penguins fly? http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/ http://mocomi.com/can-penguins-fly/#comments Sat, 15 Apr 2017 12:18:12 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=86337 Have you ever seen a flying Penguin? The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research […]

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Can Penguins fly?

Have you ever seen a flying Penguin?

The way they flap their “wings” and run around is adorable. And yet, in spite of all the flapping around, they never seem to get off the ground and fly. Do you ever wonder why that’s the case? Why can’t these adorable birds fly? A lot of research has gone into answering this question.

And here’s what the research says,

The penguin is a bird species that is highly specialized for its native environment, which includes the coasts of Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, and the Galapagos Islands. There, being able to swim to catch fish is more useful than flying.

Firstly, do Penguins have Wings?

Yes and no. Penguins have wing-like flippers. These tapered, flattened flippers are covered with short, scale-like feathers. Typical wings are too flexible, and hence, ill-suited for swimming. Water being denser than air, penguin wings are shorter and stouter than the wings of flying birds.

Why do Penguins have Wings if they can’t Fly?

As mentioned before, penguin wings are actually flippers that are perfectly adapted for swimming. They are narrow and hard and help propel and steer penguins through the water. So it’s these “wings” that make penguins such expert swimmers.

Why can’t Penguins fly?

A Study of the Evolution of Penguins reveals more,
As penguins evolved, their wings adapted to becoming more efficient while swimming and diving (to catch their food). This meant that flying now required more and more energy. At some point, this trade-off meant that flying consumed too much energy. Hence, instead of sustaining flight, becoming flightless was by far a better option for penguins. This also means that penguins today have heavier bones, more suited to grounded birds.

Thus, the penguins that can dive as deep as 1,850 feet in search of fish, squid and tiny crustaceans called krill are awkward on land – waddling across the ice or sliding on their bellies.

Scientists have concluded that a wing that is good for flying cannot also be good for diving and swimming in other words, a bird that is a good swimmer cannot excel at flying.

Related Article

Here’s a fun video about 11 amazing Facts about Penguins.

Can Penguins fly?

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Jaguar Facts and Information http://mocomi.com/jaguar-facts/ http://mocomi.com/jaguar-facts/#comments Fri, 14 Apr 2017 10:19:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95077 The word ‘Jaguar’ originated probably from the Amazonian trade language ‘Tupinambá’. The scientific name of Jaguar is ‘Panthera onca’. It is considered as the third largest feline (after tiger and lion) in the world and the largest in America. It is found in southwestern part of U.S, Mexico, south to Paraguay and northern Argentina. Jaguars […]

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Jaguar Facts and Information

The word ‘Jaguar’ originated probably from the Amazonian trade language ‘Tupinambá’. The scientific name of Jaguar is ‘Panthera onca’. It is considered as the third largest feline (after tiger and lion) in the world and the largest in America. It is found in southwestern part of U.S, Mexico, south to Paraguay and northern Argentina. Jaguars are descendants of Old World cats. It is believed that jaguar and spotted leopard (its closest relative) had common ancestor in Asia. The forerunners of modern jaguars crossed Beringia in early Pleistocene era and gradually moved to America. It is the largest cat in the new world.

Characteristics of Jaguar

Jaguar is a compact and well muscled animal. It varies in size and weight. The base coat of the animal is usually tawny yellow. However, colours such as reddish – brown and black are also found. The ventral areas are white in colour. It has rosettes which may include one or several dots of varying shapes. Jaguar possesses solid spots on head, neck and tail.

What does the Jaguar eat?

Jaguar is the largest carnivorous mammal found in Central and South America. Its regular diet includes adult caimans, capybaras, deer, tapirs, peccaries, zorros, dogs and anacondas. Among small species, it eats mice, frogs, birds, sloths, turtles, fish and monkeys. It also consumes roots of Banisteriopsis caapi. Jaguar takes larger prey, generally over 22kg (49lb).

Jaguar – The apex predator

An adult jaguar is known to be the apex predator. It lies at the top of food chain and is not preyed on in forest. It is also called keystone species as it maintains the structural integrity of forest system. However, all scientists have not accepted the keystone species hypothesis.

Difference between Jaguar and Leopard

Jaguar is sturdier and heavier. The animal possesses few but large and dark rosettes with thick lines and small spots in the middle. These are absent in leopard. Besides, jaguar’s head is round in shape and it has short and stockier limbs.

Why are Jaguars endangered?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has declared Jaguar as an endangered species. According to a study done by the Wildlife Conservation Society, jaguar has lost thirty seven percent of its historic range. Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, the world’s first wilderness reserve to protect and study Jaguars was established at Belize in the year 1990.

4 Interesting facts about Jaguars

  1. Jaguar is the national animal of Guyana.
  2. They sleep on tree branches.
  3. Jaguars are good swimmers.
  4. They can see well in dark.
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Why are you ‘In’ a movie but ‘On’ a television? http://mocomi.com/why-are-you-in-a-movie-but-on-a-television/ http://mocomi.com/why-are-you-in-a-movie-but-on-a-television/#comments Thu, 13 Apr 2017 10:15:25 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94979 Why do we say “in” a movie but “on” a TV show? Em: Emma, did you see Johnny Depp on Alice through the looking glass? I found the movie very interesting. Emma: Yes it was good. But Johnny Depp was ‘in’ the movie not ‘on’. Em: Really? I thought it was ‘on’ like ‘on’ television. […]

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Why are you ‘In’ a movie but ‘On’ a television?

Why do we say “in” a movie but “on” a TV show?

Em: Emma, did you see Johnny Depp on Alice through the looking glass? I found the movie very interesting.
Emma: Yes it was good. But Johnny Depp was ‘in’ the movie not ‘on’.
Em: Really? I thought it was ‘on’ like ‘on’ television.
Emma: No silly. A movie is like a book. You can be ‘in’ a book or ‘in’ a movie. A television is a physical object and you can be ‘on’ a television.
Em: Haha! Am I sitting ‘on’ the television?
Emma: Very funny! When you are watching television, you are watching pictures displayed ‘on’ the television screen. But a movie is not an object. It is a collection of information or a story and the characters are all ‘in’ a movie.
Reason: That’s right. It all started before the invention of movies or television. People used to act in plays, on a stage- Stage plays. Another reason can be that television shows are ongoing but movies are not. Thus, you are ‘on’ an ongoing television show but you are ‘in’ a movie.
Em: Huh! Now I am confused as to what is going ‘on’ ‘in’ my mind!

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Sahara desert facts and information http://mocomi.com/sahara-desert-facts/ http://mocomi.com/sahara-desert-facts/#comments Wed, 12 Apr 2017 13:07:33 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=95017 Where is the Sahara desert located? Sahara is an Arabic word for desert. The Sahara Desert is the most expansive, hot and largest desert on Earth. It is located in Northern Africa nestled between the Mediterranean Sea in the North, the Atlantic Ocean in the West and the Red Sea in the East. To the […]

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Sahara desert facts and information

Where is the Sahara desert located?

Sahara is an Arabic word for desert. The Sahara Desert is the most expansive, hot and largest desert on Earth. It is located in Northern Africa nestled between the Mediterranean Sea in the North, the Atlantic Ocean in the West and the Red Sea in the East. To the South of Sahara is the Sahel region, in between the desert and the African Savanna. The Sahara covers a large section of eleven different countries that include Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mali, Niger, Mauritania, Chad and Sudan. The Sahara desert is more than 16 times of France!

Climate in the Sahara desert

The climate of the Sahara is consistently hot. The average temperature is 38 to 46 degree Celsius. It is hot, dry and windy throughput the year. However, nights can be cold, even freezing. The Sahara hardly experiences any rains. Regions in Sahara can have almost no drops of water. Thus, it makes it difficult for life forms to exist.

Landscapes of the Sahara desert

The Sahara’s landscape not only includes sand dunes but also mountains, plateaus, extinct volcanoes and oasis depressions. The dunes take varied forms and can be star, crescent or dome shaped. There is sparse grassland in some parts of the desert. Most of the streams and rivers in Sahara are seasonal. The Nile River however is an exception, and crosses the Sahara, then empties into the Mediterranean Sea.

What kind of animals live in the Sahara desert?

The Sahara is home to animal species that can sustain extremely warm conditions. While the most common desert animal, the camel is domesticated in Sahara, other mammals and reptiles found are: spotted hyena, jackal, Barbary sheep, oryx, ostrich, raptor, cobra, chameleon, various lizards, scorpions, numerous ants and beetles.

What plants grow in the Sahara desert?

Plants are also sparse due to lack of water but do grow near oasis and reservoirs. Date palms, tamarisks, acacia whose roots can grow deep down into the earth for water can sustain such a hot climate. Cactus is a common desert plant, though most regions in the Sahara go barren.

3 Interesting facts about Sahara desert

  1. Though the Sahara is spread across 11 countries, it is home to only 2 million people.
  2. Almost 4000 years ago Sahara used to be a fertile land growing millets and grains in many parts. But, due to the change in the tilt of the Earth’s orbit, it began to dry up and became a desert.
  3. Only 30% of the desert is sand and 70% is gravel.

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If you own land, how far above and below do you own? http://mocomi.com/if-you-own-land-how-far-above-and-below-do-you-own/ http://mocomi.com/if-you-own-land-how-far-above-and-below-do-you-own/#comments Tue, 11 Apr 2017 13:25:52 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94957 When you buy a piece of land, it is of common understanding that you are given unrestricted access to a predetermined amount of land. But how much of that land do you own? Do you own the sky above it? How about the land below it? “Cuius est solum, eius est usque ad coelum et […]

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If you own land, how far above and below do you own?

When you buy a piece of land, it is of common understanding that you are given unrestricted access to a predetermined amount of land.

But how much of that land do you own? Do you own the sky above it? How about the land below it?

“Cuius est solum, eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos”  A Latin maxim which is considered to be a traditional starting point to the property law states, “whoever owns the soil, holds title all the way up to the heavens and down to the depths of hell“.

So yes, historically, if you owned a piece of land, you owned everything, both above and below the soil from the deepest reaches of the Earth right up to the heavens themselves.

What is land ownership?

But property laws today have come a long way. Now, they vary from country to country.
As a property owner, one only has a right to the airspace above their land located in lower stratum, the precise boundaries for which is still up for debate.

For example, one can’t ask commercial planes to stop flying over their house, because the sky is considered to be a public highway. At the same time, there have been cases where trespassers have been fined to use the airspace above one’s house.

The most famous case of this kind comes from 1945 when a chicken farmer sued the US government for flying approximately 83 feet above his property. The noise of the airplane caused a bunch of his chickens to accidentally kill themselves by running into walls. The farmer won his case and the court agreed that although a property owner wasn’t entitled to own all the air above their land, they were entitled to own enough so that planes flying overhead wouldn’t kill their chickens.

And what about the earth below our land?

Just like the airspace, this varies. This depends upon, whether one has mineral rights along with ownership of land.

For example, if a home-owner finds out that there is a huge deposit of gas under their home but they don’t have any mineral right under their land then they can stake no claim over the gas deposit.

So, one can say if you own a piece of land, you may own more than you’d expect, but in a lot of cases, perhaps lesser than you might wish.

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Hampi, Karnataka http://mocomi.com/hampi-karnataka/ http://mocomi.com/hampi-karnataka/#comments Mon, 10 Apr 2017 12:17:16 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94967 Hampi : The historical city of Karnataka The magnificent ruins that you see behind me are that of the village and temple town Hampi in Karnataka, India. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and has been on travellers’ bucket lists for many years. History of Hampi Hampi got its name from the Tungabhadra River, […]

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Hampi, Karnataka

Hampi : The historical city of Karnataka

The magnificent ruins that you see behind me are that of the village and temple town Hampi in Karnataka, India. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and has been on travellers’ bucket lists for many years.

History of Hampi

Hampi got its name from the Tungabhadra River, on the banks of which lay the Vijaynagar Empire. Hampi was the capital of this wealthy and grand Empire. Hampi was ruled by four dynasties from 1336 to 1565. These were Sangama, Saluva,Tuluva and Aravidu. The rulers of these dynasties built more than 500 monuments which are present even today. Hampi was a trade center as it was the capital. Trade for cotton, spices, horses and gem stones were at its peak. Rubies and diamonds were sold on the streets whereas gold and silver coins were used for trading. The architecture and grandeur of Hampi was admired by travellers like the Arabs, Portugese and Italians. It was a rich town until in 1565 when Hampi was looted by armies of Muslim rulers as the city was in constant conflict with them.

6 Facts about Hampi

  1. The village of Hampi is like an open museum adorned with beautiful architecture, most of which are religious buildings apart from Civil and Military ones.
  2. The Virupaksha temple is the most prominent and visited building in Hampi. It is believed that Lord Shiva married Goddess Parvati in this very temple.
  3. The Lotus Palace, Hazara Rama Temple and the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple still have beautiful Vijaynagar architectural designs and are worth a visit.
  4. Hampi is also famous for conducting the festival of Purandaradasa Aradhna, celebrated to honour the poet Purandaradasa.
  5. People also flock to the banks of the Tungabhadra River which is very famous with travel photographers as well.
  6. There is also a long line of Elephant stables, each having different tombs. It is where the Royal elephants of Vijaynagar would rest.

I am having a great time here, as I feel I am a part of this grand empire.

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African Folk Tales: Why Anansi has eight thin legs http://mocomi.com/why-anansi-has-eight-thin-legs/ http://mocomi.com/why-anansi-has-eight-thin-legs/#comments Fri, 07 Apr 2017 06:12:12 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94962 For more interesting Indian Folk Tales for kids, go to: Indian Folk Tales Read here 19 Interesting Facts about Spiders.

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African Folk Tales: Why Anansi has eight thin legs


A very long time ago, there lived a spider and his wife in a village. The spider was called Anansi. Though Anansi’s wife was an excellent cook, nevertheless he loved tasting food cooked by others in the village.

One day, while his wife was busy ......


A very long time ago, there lived a spider and his wife in a village. The spider was called Anansi. Though Anansi’s wife was an excellent cook, nevertheless he loved tasting food cooked by others in the village.

One day, while his wife was busy cooking lunch, he went out for a walk. On his way he visited the rabbit’s house. “Oh,the greens in your pot look amazing!” Anansi said staring into the pot in which the rabbit was cooking his food. “Oh, they are almost done; if you wait for a while you can have lunch with me,” the rabbit said. Anansi knew that if he stayed back the rabbit would ask him to help out in the house work. Anansi thought for a while and said, “Actually, I have some work to finish, but I can come back for lunch. I can spin a web and tie one end of it to your pot and the other to one of my legs. As soon as the food is cooked, you can tug on my web and I will come back immediately.” The rabbit liked the idea and agreed to do so.

Anansi started walking again. He could smell the aroma of deliciously cooked beans. “Ah, I can smell beans. They must taste lovely,” Anansi said while stopping at the monkey’s place. The monkey welcomed Anansi and said, “Please come and have some; they will be done in a minute or two.” “Oh thank you, Father Monkey. I will come back soon,” Anansi replied and suggested that he should tie one end of his web to the beans pot and one end around his leg. The monkey agreed to give him a tug. Anansi started walking again.

“Oh,this is the most amazing sweet potato that I have ever smelled! I can also smell honey!” Anansi exclaimed. The hog who was cooking the potatoes offered him some. Anansi suggested the same idea to him and he too agreed to it.

Anansi visited a few more places and, by the time he reached the river, he had one web tied to each of his eight legs.

Anansi was thinking about all the food that he was about to eat when suddenly he felt a tug on one of his legs. “This must be the rabbit,” Anansi said and just when he was about to leave, he felt another tug, and then another one. By now he was being pulled from four different directions. Soon, one by one,h is other four legs also started feeling the pressure of the pulls. The pull continued and he felt the stretch on all his eight legs. The animals continued to pull and Anansi’s legs started stretching, becoming thinner and thinner. Anansi jumped into the river to save himself from the pain. After all the webs were washed out, he slowly climbed out of the river.

“Oh God,this was certainly not a great idea,” Anansi said. Since that day, the spider has had eight thin legs.

Anansi, however, did not manage to get any food that day.

For more interesting Indian Folk Tales for kids, go to: Indian Folk Tales

Read here 19 Interesting Facts about Spiders.

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Oats for breakfast http://mocomi.com/oats-for-breakfast/ http://mocomi.com/oats-for-breakfast/#comments Wed, 05 Apr 2017 12:57:40 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94931 You might feel that oats for breakfast are boring, but they are packed with a lot of nutrients that help you stay mentally and physically active throughout the day. What are the benefits of eating oats? Oats are among the healthiest grains on earth. They’re a gluten-free whole grain and a great source of important […]

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Oats for breakfast

You might feel that oats for breakfast are boring, but they are packed with a lot of nutrients that help you stay mentally and physically active throughout the day.

What are the benefits of eating oats?

  1. Oats are among the healthiest grains on earth. They’re a gluten-free whole grain and a great source of important vitamins, minerals, fibre and antioxidants.
  2. A cup of oats has 13 grams of fibre. Having it for breakfast can help your brains work actively throughout the day. Health benefits of oats include weight loss, lower blood sugar levels and a reduced risk of heart disease.
  3. Oats contain a large amount of beta-glucan, a type of soluble fibre which has numerous benefits. It promotes healthy gut bacteria and increases feelings of fullness.
  4. You can get creative with your oat meal in the morning by adding some honey, chopped apples, strawberries, sliced bananas or crushed nuts like raisins or cranberries to it. These would increase the nutritional value of the meal and brighten up your day!
  5. You should have oats as often as you can. No need to skip other breakfast options. Though having one cup of oatmeal serving is essential. Having 13 grams of fibre in a day is a healthy habit.
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Bamboo Forest, Japan http://mocomi.com/bamboo-forest-japan/ http://mocomi.com/bamboo-forest-japan/#comments Tue, 04 Apr 2017 10:48:19 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94914 Where is the bamboo forest located? The Sagano Bamboo forest is one of the most attractive natural environments in entire Japan. The forest is 16 sq. Km in area and has been a popular destination for tourists’ right from the noble era, when nobles would come and enjoy this serene beauty. Beauty of Sagano Bamboo […]

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Bamboo Forest, Japan

Where is the bamboo forest located?

The Sagano Bamboo forest is one of the most attractive natural environments in entire Japan. The forest is 16 sq. Km in area and has been a popular destination for tourists’ right from the noble era, when nobles would come and enjoy this serene beauty.

Beauty of Sagano Bamboo Forest

When the wind blows amongst its many bamboo trees, it makes a beautiful, musical sound. This sound has been voted as one of the ‘one hundred must be preserved sounds of Japan’. The bamboo grove has been made accessible for all. There has been made a path that cuts through the grove for making trekking across the forest possible. These tall bamboo tress provide an ideal walking environment and people can come and also stop to look at the temples built within. The bamboo forest paths are often illuminated at night and are frequently used as filming locations for movies and TV serials. There is a railing on the side of the road to enhance the pathway. This railing is made from old, dry and fallen parts of bamboo. Such bamboos are also used to make products like cups, boxes, baskets or mats.

3 Interesting facts about Sagano Bamboo Forest

  1. The forest is planted with a bamboo species called ‘Moso’. These are trees which originated in China and are considered to have unique abilities. It takes only 1 month for a young plant to reach a height of 20 meters. The largest bamboo stalk can grow up to 40 meters in height.
  2. The Japanese believe that the bamboo trees protect them from evil spirits, so they serve as guards for many temples.
  3. The entire forest can be covered in a 20 minute walk. The forest is a cultural treasure and the walk will leave one relaxed and bring one closer to the beauty of nature.

Note: Don’t forget to check out 6 Interesting Facts about Japan.

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Onomatopoeia http://mocomi.com/onomatopoeia/ http://mocomi.com/onomatopoeia/#comments Mon, 03 Apr 2017 09:38:41 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94904 What does “Onomatopoeia” mean? Onomatopoeia is a noun which is generally used for a literary effect. It refers to the formation of a word reflected by a sound made by or associated with its referent. Words such as hiss, boom, buzz, bang, sizzle, cuckoo, meow, quack, woof are examples of onomatopoeia. To read and download […]

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Onomatopoeia

What does “Onomatopoeia” mean?

Onomatopoeia is a noun which is generally used for a literary effect. It refers to the formation of a word reflected by a sound made by or associated with its referent. Words such as hiss, boom, buzz, bang, sizzle, cuckoo, meow, quack, woof are examples of onomatopoeia.

To read and download more Wordling HERE.

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Onomatopoeia

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Seven earth like planets discovered orbiting nearby star! http://mocomi.com/seven-earth-like-planets-discovered-orbiting-nearby-star/ http://mocomi.com/seven-earth-like-planets-discovered-orbiting-nearby-star/#comments Fri, 31 Mar 2017 09:29:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94878 Astronomers have long been exploring the outer space world in search for other planets orbiting stars and for life on other planets. Recently an international research team discovered a solar system 40 light years away and it has seven Earth like planets orbiting around a small star. Why is this discovery important? This discovery has […]

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Seven earth like planets discovered orbiting nearby star!

Astronomers have long been exploring the outer space world in search for other planets orbiting stars and for life on other planets. Recently an international research team discovered a solar system 40 light years away and it has seven Earth like planets orbiting around a small star.

Why is this discovery important?

This discovery has thrilled astronomers and has now raised hopes of having life beyond earth. It is the very first time that so many earth size planets have been found and the discovery also suggests that our Milky Way maybe filled with such worlds that in many aspect resemble our very own planet earth.

What suggests there could be life on these planets?

These seven planets orbit around a dwarf star named Trappist 1, which at 39 light years away makes this system a prime object for search of life beyond earth. This star is just marginally larger than Jupiter and shines with a feeble light which is 2000 times fainter than the sun. This makes the star cold and its small size makes the planets orbiting it temperate which means they could have some liquid or water and maybe life. However, the planets are in tight orbits and at that proximity they show only one side to the star. Some of the planets among the seven are thought to be of the right temperature to host oceans of water and have a favourable atmosphere.

So, let us hope to find some life beyond our planet as well!

Read here Exoplanets: Facts and Information.

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Seven earth like planets discovered orbiting nearby star!

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Why is w called a double u? http://mocomi.com/why-is-w-called-a-double-u/ http://mocomi.com/why-is-w-called-a-double-u/#comments Thu, 30 Mar 2017 13:12:10 +0000 http://mocomi.com/?p=94852 Emma: Hey, there goes Kim..Wohoo (Emma is waving at someone) Em: You mean, Uuhoo (pronounced as yuuhoo) Emma: Err..what? I mean wohoo. Em: That’s what I said..Uuhoo (again pronounced as yuuhoo) Emma: What is wrong with you? Em: What is wrong with “u-u”. I mean, the alphabet “W”. If it is double u, why is […]

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Why is w called a double u?

Emma: Hey, there goes Kim..Wohoo (Emma is waving at someone)
Em: You mean, Uuhoo (pronounced as yuuhoo)
Emma: Err..what? I mean wohoo.
Em: That’s what I said..Uuhoo (again pronounced as yuuhoo)
Emma: What is wrong with you?
Em: What is wrong with “u-u”. I mean, the alphabet “W”. If it is double u, why is it made of two v’s?

Why is the letter “w” called “double u” and not “double v”?

The ancient Roman alphabet did not have a letter “w” or the letter “v”. However, the sound was represented by 2 Us – literally a double “u”.
The English language evolved and gave birth to the letter “w” but it never lost its original name..double u!

Em – And Reason, why are u-u here?
Reason: You mean “W”?
Emma – Both of you, please leave.

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