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Golconda Mines Facts

General Knowledge | 6-13 yrs | Animation, Video
  • Golconda mines were one major source of Indian diamonds.
  • The kingdom of Golconda was a group of mines concentrated around the Krishna river, located in the modern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Magnificent diamonds were taken from the mines in the region surrounding Golconda.
  • Darya-e-Nur, meaning sea of light is 185 carats(37 g), the largest and finest diamond of the crown jewels of Iran.
  • Many other famed diamonds are believed to have been excavated from the mines of Golconda :
    1. The Nur-Ul-Ain Diamond
    2. The Kohinoor
    3. The Hope Diamond
    4. Princie Diamond
    5. The Regent Diamond
    6. The Wittelsbach Diamond
  • Modern scientific analysis concludes many famous high quality diamonds like the Cullinan, Regent and the Koh-I-Noor can be proven to come from the Golconda area. These are the rarest and purest diamonds ever found.
  • Golconda diamonds are still considered to be the finest and possess superb luminousness and transparency.
  • Experts around the world widely agree that all diamonds which display this special luminousness are of Indian origin.
  • Gemologists use this classification to denote a diamond with a complete lack of nitrogen; “Golconda” material is also referred to as “2A.”
  • Some Type 2A diamonds also exhibit exceptional transparency or crystal due to the purity of the carbon crystal lattice.
  • These diamonds are highly transparent in shortwave ultraviolet light.
  • Some of the Golconda mines diamonds highest prices when sold:
  • 34.98-carat Beau Sancy diamond – sold for $9,699,618 (£5 million).
  • The Archduke Joseph Diamond of 76.02 carats sold for $21.5 million.
  • The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil where new diamond mines were discovered.

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