The History of the Greek Language
- Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages. It holds the distinction for being the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the majority of its history.
- Greek holds an important place in the history of Europe and Christianity. It was also the language in which many of the foundational texts of Western philosophy, such as the Platonic dialogues and the works of Aristotle, were composed. The New Testament of the Christian Bible was also written in Greek.
- Greek was widely spoken once upon a time in the Mediterranean world. In its modern form, Greek is the official language of Greece and Cyprus and is included in the 23 official languages of the European Union. The language today is spoken by at least 13 million people in Greece, Cyprus and other diaspora communities around the world.
- Greek roots are often used to come up with new words for other languages, especially in the field of science and medicine. Greek and Latin both, are the predominant source of the international scientific vocabulary. Over fifty thousand words are derived from this language.
- The Greek alphabet is derived from the Phoenician alphabet with a few minor modifications. It is still used today.
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