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Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Biography | 7-14 yrs

The Life of Mahatma Gandhi


  • Name : MohanDas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Popular Name : Mahatma, which means a great soul
  • Date of Birth : 2nd October, 1869.
  • Place of Birth : Porbandar, Gujrat, India.
  • Death : Assassinated on 30th January, 1948.

Gandhi and the Indian Freedom Struggle

Mahatma Gandhi’s history had been a mix of unpredictable events that led to a revolution responsible for changing the face of Indian history and it’s eventual independence. The greatness of this man is evident from the fact that he had 5 noble prize nominations during his lifetime.

Let us dig further and look into the time line of Mahatma Gandhi, who is also known as the father of nation in India:

  • Got married in may 1883, to Kasturba Makhanji.
  • In September, 1888, went to university college London for further studies, pursuing philosophical study of religions like Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism and such.
  • In 1893, went to South Africa, for a year contract to work for an Indian firm in Natal and was in South Africa for 21 years after that.
    Thrown out of the first class train carriage, even though he had a valid ticket. This was an event that planted the seed of Indian independence in Gandhi’s mind.
  • He founded the Natal Indian Congress which aimed at fighting the injustice to Indians in South Africa. The constitution was set up on 22 august 1894.
  • Returned to India in 1916, started a non-violent civil disobedience and became the voice of the oppressed under the British rule in India.
  • In 1921, he led the Indian National congress and brought about the concept of ‘Swaraj’ or complete political Independence from the British rule.
  • In march, 1922, was arrested for a mass boycott of British goods.
  • In 1930, the British introduced the salt tax, after which Gandhi led a 250-mile salt march to collect his own salt.
  • In 1942, during the Quit India Movement, the Congress party, including Mahatma Gandhi, was arrested which resulted in riots.
  • On 30th January,1948, he was assassinated at the Birla house in New Delhi, by a militant Hindu nationalist, Nathuram Godse.

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes

  1. “When violence appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent.”
  2. “Hate the sin, love the sinner.”
  3. “An eye for an eye, makes the whole world blind.”

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