Top 7 Space Agencies in the World
Space studies and research on the outer space has always intrigued man. Mankind has a thirst to know what is beyond the earth’s atmosphere. Thus every nation has set up its own space agencies and research centres. They are numerous of them but only few are the ones who are of high quality, do extreme research, are technologically advanced and are well known around the world.
List of Top 7 Space Research Organisations in the World
1. NASA – the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA, United States, no doubt holds the first position. It was established in October 1958 and has been involved in high profile space programmes since then. Project Apollo was the first exploration mission to the moon held by NASA. Currently NASA is engaged in a number of missions which study climate changes, freshwater resources, mystery behind the development of Sun, and life on other planets and so on.
2. RFSA – Russian Federation Space Agency
RFSA is one of the partners of the ISS or the international Space station. It is one of the leading agencies actively engaged in development of space vehicles, launchers and ground based infrastructure. Founded prior to NASA in 1922, it suffered financial problems in the initial years but later managed to launch many successful missions.
3. ESA – European Space Agency
ESA are one of the best in launching vehicles for space orbits. It was established in 1975 by ten member states. It now constitutes 22 member states. Together the nations handle space programmes far behind the reach of just a single nation.
4. ISRO – Indian Space Research Organisation
The ISRO became the first Asian Space agencies to reach the orbit of Mars. It is the world’s first agency to have achieved this mission on the very first attempt. Formed in 1969, ISRO has lanuched75 spacecrafts till date. It designs, manufactures satellites and launches programmes and space missions.
5. CNSA – China National Space Administration
CNSA is currently involved in the deployment of satellites for telecommunication and Earth observations. In 2003 China joined America and Russia in the trio to make human spaceflight capabilities. Its latest unmanned lunar-lander and rover reached the moon successfully in 2013.
6. JAXA – Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency was established in 2003. Its main work is to look at technological development, research work, and launch of satellites into orbits, moon research, asteroid data and many other space researches. It is also responsible for observing the rainfall and carbon dioxide monitoring.
7. SSI – Space Studies Institute in California
Space Studies Institute in California is a non profit organisation founded in 1977. It has some very important research priorities like research on non-terrestrial materials. The institute’s research on transport related mechanisms is useful to understand the orbit missions.