The History of Submarine Warfare
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Sir Dig-A-Lot said, “Do you know what a submarine is?”
Rohan looked puzzled and said, “Not really, is it a weapon?”
Sir Dig-A-Lot answered, “It is like an underwater vessel which is used as a mode of transport. It was used extensively in the World War 1.
In warfare, it is used to launch missile attacks on surface ships, submarines, for mine laying and even to launch a nuclear attack. They are also used for explorations, underwater pipelines and searching for gas.”
“Germany and Britain were in competition with each other about their naval strength. So much so, that Germany introduced unrestricted submarine warfare, which was, attacking all ships including unarmed civilian ships which would belong to neutral countries.
On May 7 1915, the German submarine attacked the British merchant ship Lusitania, that had civilians from many countries including the USA. The attack killed over 1000 people. After the United States of America criticised the attack, the Germans stopped for a while, because they feared that the USA would enter the war.
On February 1 1917, Germany resumed the attacks, in a bid to defeat the British fast. This cost them, as the USA formally entered the war against the Germans. However, Germany used submarines until the last months of the war, in the hope of winning through naval confrontation.”
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