We all eat fruits and vegetables, some of us also eat chicken and fish. So, anything that we eat to live is called food. We need food as it helps our bodies to grow, remain healthy, and gives us energy to do work.
Food is like fuel to our body. All living creatures, be it plants and animals, need food to survive. So food is very precious, and must not be wasted.
Sources of Food :-
We get food from two primary sources, they are:-
FOOD FROM PLANTS
Food grains like wheat and rice, pulses, fruits and vegetables all come from a variety of plants. Plants also give us oils like mustard, sunflower, or groundnut oil, which are used as cooking fuel. Plants are a major source of food for both humans and other animals.
About half of the food we eat comes from just two crops: wheat and rice. Wheat after grinding is used to make chapattis (roti), bread, noodles, etc. Rice is used to make boiled rice, dosas and idlis. Plants are also a source of sugar, spices, tea and the coffee that we drink.
FOOD FROM ANIMALS
Animals provide us with food materials such as milk, eggs, chicken, meat and fish. Animals like cow and buffalo give us milk. Chickens provide us with meat. Milk from these animals are also extracted, but we usually drink cow or buffalo milk.
- Name the most common food items provided by these animals- Cow, hen, goat, camel.
- Name 4 animals who provide us with milk.
- Name 5 food materials which come from plants.
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