Essentials of a First Aid Kit

Essentials of a First Aid Kit

Home first aid kits are a must in households with children. In case of an emergency, a readily available first aid kit plays a crucial role in helping those who are injured or in discomfort. A first aid kit can provide immediate relief or stabilize the patient before they are taken to the hospital (if need be). It can be used to treat minor injuries such as -

  • Burns
  • Cuts
  • Scrapes
  • Stings
  • Splinters
  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Fevers, colds and allergies

These are some of the minor injuries children and adults alike incur at home and it is better to have medicines available at hand instead of rushing around at the last moment.

Remember to keep first aid kits in an airtight box to ward away dampness and in a cool, dark and dry place. It is best to keep them out of the hands of young children to avoid accidental ingestion of medicines. Check the first aid kit from time to time to throw away expired medication.

It is also important to make sure your children have memorized important phone numbers for emergency services along with the numbers of other family members in case of emergency. Below are some items which are handy to keep at home -


  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Latex gloves
  • Cotton wool and earbuds (to dab on small amounts of ointment!)
  • Safety pins
  • Medical tape
  • Thermometer


  • Different shapes and sizes of band-aids
  • Gauze pads
  • Antiseptic solution (like Dettol or Savlon)
  • Antibiotic ointment (such as Neosporin ointment)


  • Crepe bandages
  • An ice pack in the freezer
  • Pain relief gel


  • Antihistamine syrup or tablet

When it comes to fevers, colds and sore throats, it is always better to take your child to a doctor and be prescribed the appropriate medication. What you may feel is just a cold, maybe symptomatic of a larger flu or a viral. It is better to receive the advice of a trained professional rather than self-medicate.

First aid boxes should not be limited to the home. When undertaking long journeys, it is also important to carry a basic first-aid kit along with tablets for nausea and rehydration sachets.


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