What is World Organisation?
The world has suffered many wars. All wars have had a severe effect on all living beings. The two world wars, World War I and II had a disastrous effect on the human race. Many countries including India went through their worst possible days during these wars.
Wars make people destructive and revengeful. Atom bombs, hydrogen bombs and nuclear weapons were devised to kill people and destroy countries. An atom bomb completely destroyed the two cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
Natural and social upheavals like global warming, acid rain, epidemics, non-curable diseases, deforestation and child labour have become more evident.
To deal with these global problems, some organizations were instituted to help the people of the world have a safe and sound life.
List of International Organizations
Let’s talk about some of them.
UNO – United Nations Organization
The United Nations Organization was formed in 1945 after World War II. The headquarters of the UNO is in New York. This organization has members from almost all the countries of the world. The members discuss and try to solve and devise measures for global problems. The UNO intends to preserve peace, feeling of brotherhood and mutual understanding amongst countries.
The UNO has different bodies or organs, which handle various global issues. Besides six main organs, it has many branches. To function competently, the UNO delegates work to its branches. Some of the well known branches of the UNO are:
- WHO (World Health Organization)
- UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)
- UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization)
WHO (World Health Organization)
The World Health Organization aims at solving health problems and helps people to attain the highest possible level of health. It works in areas like immunization, health education and provision of essential drugs.
Presently in India, WHO is working for the eradication of Polio. The goal of the Global Polio Eradication is to ensure that no child ever gets affected by this crippling virus again.
UNICEF – United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
UNICEF works for children. The organization helps the children who are uncared for. It helps them to survive, get protection and stay healthy. It also takes care of the children who are unfortunate victims of crime and child labour.
The homeless children and the orphans are provided with shelter, food and nutrition, vaccination, etc. by UNICEF.
UNESCO – United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
The purpose of the UNESCO is to promote and sponsor international co-operation in the fields of education, science and culture. It also makes efforts to maintain global peace and security. UNESCO tries to build up a universal respect for justice, human rights and freedom.
WWF – World Wildlife Fund for Nature
WWF was founded in 1961. This is an organization that works for the conservation of the global environment.
WWF – India is involved in a series of conservation activities in the fields of:
- Climate Change and Energy
- Marine Life
- Forest: Trees/Plants
- Freshwater and Wetlands
Missionaries of Charity
Missionaries of Charity is an organization founded by Mother Teresa. She created a global network of homes for the poor, sick and orphan. These missionaries, under the guidance of Mother Teresa, worked tirelessly for the lepers, physically and mentally challenged people. They also provided shelter to these people.