Changes in India Since Independence
- 1947: Agriculture was important to the Indian economy. There were only a few industries like tea, steel and textiles.
- 1948: India wins gold in hockey at the London Olympics.
- 1955: Rourkela Steel Plant, the first in the public sector, was set up with German help.
- 1960s: Coal industry gathers steam. Many Indians begin moving to cities from villages in search of work.
- 1963: The Green Revolution modernised agriculture with better seeds, fertilisers and technology.
- 1970: Operation Flood begins. It has resulted in India becoming the largest producer of milk in the world.
- 1980s: Services industries like software, begin to develop.
- 1983: India wins the Cricket World Cup.
- 1984: Kolkata Metro, the first Indian metro rail system, opens
- 1997: India wins first Grand Slam at the French Open, in mixed doubles.
- 2000: Viswanathan Anand wins the World Chess Championship.
- 2001: The Golden Quadrilateral highway project begins. It connects major cities and is India’s largest highway project and the fifth largest in Asia.
- 2010: Right to Education becomes a fundamental right.
- 2012: India’s first solar park comes up at Charanka, Gujarat.
- 2013: 11 km long tunnel across the Pir Panjal range in Jammu and Kashmir built.It is India’s longest tunnel and is the second longest passage in Asia.
- 2016: The world’s highest rail bridge, the Chenab bridge in Jammua & Kashmir, will be completed.
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